Türkiye Earthquake Response Rapid Needs Assessment in Adıyaman, Gaziantep, and Kahramanmaraş

Mar 06, 2023
  • Description

In the early hours of February 6, a record-breaking earthquake struck Türkiye's Pazarcık district in Kahramanmaraş. Registering a 7.8 on the Richter scale, the deadly tremor was felt as far away as Egypt and Cyprus.

Within hours, a second earthquake of 7.5 magnitude hit Elbistan, Kahramanmaraş. i Thousands of aftershocks followed in the subsequent days and weeks, including several of magnitudes greater than 5.5—escalating the devastation and hindering search and rescue efforts to free the thousands of people trapped among the nearly 200,000 buildings that collapsed or were severely damaged.

Almost a month since the initial earthquake, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA) estimates more than 5 million people have been impacted, a large portion of whom will continue to need assistance in the coming weeks and months.vii About 750,000 on both sides of the Turkish-Syrian border are believed to be taking refuge in tents, makeshift shelters, or the remnants of destroyed buildings.viii This includes internally displaced populations in northern Syria and thousands of Syrian refugees living in southern Türkiye. Among these highly vulnerable groups are children orphaned or separated from their families by the earthquakes.ix The current situation, coupled with the likelihood that it will take months, if not years, for impacted communities to recover means that significant needs for a coordinated, targeted, and robust intervention across several sectors, including health, mental health and protection services (MHPSS), non-food item (NFI), protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH).