Can Demand for Toilets Be Encouraged? Evidence from Indonesia

Feb 01, 2014
  • Description
  • Key findings

This paper looks at the impact evaluation of a program to foster demand for toilets by raising awareness -- instead of building sanitation facilities and hoping people would use them -- did show a boost in toilet construction and a drop in diarrheal illness. The changes, however, were mainly seen in non-poor households, indicating that in some cases, subsidies might be worth considering when working with households that might need a little extra assistance to make the shift from open defecation to indoor toilets.