• Description

This research report provides a detailed description of the types and outcomes of research the philanthropic sector has conducted on its own behalf. The report suggests that foundations have been inwardly focused, examining their operations and grantmaking effectiveness, rather than trying to understand external perceptions and attitudes. It also indicates that the philanthropic sector has been in a "reactive mode" since being challenged on its accountability by federal and state government entities. The appendix includes bibliographic references as well as a summary of foundation-specific researches.