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Sharks in Crisis: A Call to Action for the Mediterranean

July 1, 2019

Humans and sharks have a relationship stretching back into ancient history. This is particularly clear in the Mediterranean, where sharks were traded and consumed more than 4,000 years ago in the Chalcolithic era and during the Bronze Age. Culturally they've been significant for thousands of years, and even appear in the schemes of the mythological Greek gods.

Public Opinion on Marine Protected Areas 2019

May 1, 2019

Objectives. Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society, the David Suzuki Foundation, West Coast EnvironmentalLaw Association and WWF-Canada commissioned this research to fulfill the following objectives:Establish a representative perspective of how Canadians view the ocean and ocean protection,including why they value the ocean;Identify and quantify provincial/regional variations in perspectives (particularly for Nova Scotia andNewfoundland and Labrador) and identify drivers of these differences;Identify specific issues that motivate support for conservation or prevent Canadians from beingsupportive of marine protection, with emphasis on economic and regional issues;Identify frames that motivate Canadians to care for, and act on, matters of ocean health; and,Establish if Canadians' perspectives of marine protection have changed since 2016.

No Plastic in Nature: A Practical Guide for Business Engagement

February 25, 2019

One dump truck full of plastic waste enters our oceans every minute; over the year, this accumulates to 8 million tons of plastics enter the oceans. In order to stop leakage of plastic into the environment, businesses must be a part of the solution and take accountability for their plastic pollution footprint and improve their products, supply chains, and waste management. In "No Plastic in Nature: A Practical Guide for Business Engagement," World Wildlife Fund provides an evidence-based guide for companies seeking to employ effective strategies for mitigating plastic waste within their business. Based on interviews with seven leading companies from consumer-oriented sectors, independent research, and analysis of best practices, the report outlines four distinct strategies businesses are currently undertaking and draws lessons from them and the progress achieved.

Meeting International Standards: Improvements for Canada’s Marine Refuges

January 23, 2019

With three oceans and the world's longest coastline, the health of Canada's marine environment holds global significance. Home to thousands of species and habitats from giant whales to fragile corals and sponges, from tiny plankton to valuable commercial fish, Canada's waters contain an incredible diversity of marine life. Ensuring that these ecosystems continue to support marine life and coastal livelihoods will require specific and focussed effort to protect important areas. With the increasing impacts of climate change, biodiversity loss and pervasive pollution, it is more crucial than ever to reduce threats caused by human activity.

Infrastructure Assessment in Snow Leopard Habitat of Nepal

December 13, 2018

Among the six-infrastructure themes that this assessment focused on, roads seem to have the highest amount of impact on the snow leopard habitat. Experts' ranking ranged from 61% for road to 12.4% for settlement. Impact due to high density road infrastructure on snow leopard habitat ranges from 5,725km2 to 17,775km2. Prediction maps show an area (greater than 90 percentile) measuring between 525km2 and 625km2 as high impact zone in snow leopard habitat, affected by infrastructural development. The study concluded that the current cumulative effect of infrastructural development on snow leopard habitat is low. However, future impact scenario shows an increase of 50% impact area, most of which within or traversing through the core snow leopard habitats. Therefore, it is likely that snow leopard habitats would be subjected to a high degree of fragmentation, deterioration and human disturbances in the future.

Underwater Noise from Arctic Shipping: Impacts, Regulations and Recommendations

April 12, 2017

Marine mammals, including whales, walrus, and seals, rely heavily on sounds for survival. The Arctic soundscape has long been shaped by their clicks and calls. The rapid loss of summer sea ice that's been observed in recent years is opening this once largely inaccessible region to ship traffic. The low-frequency sounds that ships generate propagate efficiently and travel vast distances in deep water marine environments. This means that the Arctic is becoming noisier, which could have a profound impact on marine mammals.

Shipping Through Sea Ice: Impacts on Marine Habitats and Best Practices

April 12, 2017

As the result of Arctic climate change and an increase in shipping season length, there is a growing interest in Arctic shipping operations. Sea ice serves as an important habitat for marine mammals, therefore, shipping through sea ice could lead to increased negative interactions with ice-bound marine mammals. The following literature review discusses the impacts of icebreaking on marine mammals and habitats. These impacts include: avoidance of areas where icebreaking is occurring, behavioral and physiological impacts of increased anthropogenic noise, entrapment, habitat destruction and fragmentation, and oil spills.

Oil Spill Response Capacity in Nunavut and The Beaufort Sea

April 5, 2017

WWF-Canada commissioned a series of reports to identify barriers that will prevent northern communities from effectively responding to a shipbased oil spill. Parallel reports for the western Beaufort region and Nunavut outline these barriers. A third report provides a framework for developing realistic oil spill response plans for Nunavut communities. To effectively address the issues of oil spill response capacity in the North, engagement with communities is crucial to developing a framework that works within the Arctic context.

Illegal Russian Crab: An Investigation of Trade Flow

October 16, 2016

WWF investigated the trade flow of legal and illegal crab harvested in Russian waters throughout the North Pacific to better understand the impact on the global seafood market. Analysis used primary sources such as Russian crab stock assessments, publically accessible trade and customs data, satellite imagery of fishing boat movements, and interviews with experts to obtain a unique picture of the harvest of legal and illegal crab products.

A Synthesis of Important Areas in the U.S. Chukchi and Beaufort Seas: Best Available Data to Inform Management Decisions

May 12, 2016

By aggregating and analyzing the best available science from over 1,200 Arctic research sources, the document identifies important marine areas that are critical to the functioning of the ecosystem in the U.S. Chukchi and Beaufort seas federal planning areas. The synthesis was submitted as public comment to the U.S. Department of the Interior regarding the federal 2017-22 Outer Continental Shelf Oil and Gas Leasing Program Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement.

Improving Performance in the Fight Against Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing

April 1, 2016

The Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF), Oceana, The Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew) and WWF are working together to support the harmonised and effective implementation of the European Union's Council Regulation (EC) No 1005/2008 establishing a Community system to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing.

The EU IUU Regulation: Building on success EU progress in the global fight against illegal fishing

February 1, 2016

As the world's largest import market for fish products, the European Union plays a pivotal role in reforming the global trade in fisheries products. This analysis charts the progress of the EU's efforts to shut out illegal catch and end IUU fishing.The Environmental Justice Foundation (EJF), Oceana, The Pew Charitable Trusts and WWF are working together to secure the harmonised and effective implementation of the EU Regulation to end illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing.