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Communicating Risk in Public Health Emergencies

January 10, 2018

Recent public health emergencies, such as the Ebola virus disease outbreak in West Africa (2014–2015), the emergence of the Zika virus syndrome in 2015–2016 and multi-country yellow fever outbreaks in Africa in 2016, have highlighted major challenges and gaps in how risk is communicated during epidemics and other health emergencies.The challenges include the rapid transformation in communications technology, including the near-universal penetration of mobile telephones, the widespread use and increasingly powerful influence of digital media which has had an impact on 'traditional' media (newspapers, radio and television), and major changes in how people access and trust health information.Important gaps include considerations of context – the social, economic, political and cultural factors influencing people's perception of risk and their risk-reduction behaviours. Finally, guidance is needed on the best approaches for strengthening emergency risk communication (ERC) capacity and sustaining them for potential health emergencies.The recommendations in these guidelines provide overarching, evidence-based guidance on how risk communication should be practised in an emergency. The recommendations also guide countries on building capacity for communicating risk during health emergencies.

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World

November 17, 2017

There is more than enough food produced in the world to feed everyone, yet 815 million people go hungry. As reflected in Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG 2), one of the greatest challenges the world faces is how to ensure that a growing global population - projected to rise to around 10 billion by 2050 – has enough food to meet their nutritional needs. To feed another two billion people in 2050, food production will need to increase by 50 percent globally. Food security is a complex condition requiring a holistic approach to all forms of malnutrition, the productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, resilience of food production systems and the sustainable use of biodiversity and genetic resources.

Timely, Relevant and Actionable Reports for SBM

October 11, 2017

The momentum and scale of the Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin (SBM-G) is unprecedented. The speed of implementation means that the identification of gaps and finding answers to these in ways that provide practical ideas for policy and practice can have exceptionally widespread impact provided they can be timely, relevant and actionable. The trade-offs between timeliness and the time required for conventional academic rigour are vast. Fortunately, a range of innovations and approaches have recently been developed and applied in India for timely and practical learning on sanitation.Therefore, WaterAid India and the CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS), Sussex commissioned some timely, relevant and action-orientated research. Four consultants were asked to conduct a rapid review of accessible literature combined with key informant interviews and field visits on four key topics.  They were given freedom to be highly flexible in their approaches.

Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: 2017 Update and SDG Baselines

July 12, 2017

The JMP 2017 update report presents indicators and baseline estimates for the drinking water, sanitation and hygiene targets within the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The report introduces the indicators of safely managed drinking water and sanitation services, which go beyond use of improved facilities, to include consideration of the quality of services provided. For the first time, hygiene estimates are reported for 70 countries.

World Health Statistics 2017: Monitoring Health for the SDGs

May 24, 2017

The World Health Statistics series is WHO's annual compilation of health statistics for its 194 Member States. World Health Statistics 2017 compiles data on 21 health-related Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) targets, with 35 indicators, as well as data on life expectancy. This edition also includes, for the first time, success stories from several countries that are making progress towards the health-related SDG targets.

Financing Universal Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Under the Sustainable Development Goals: UN-Water Global Analysis and Assessment of Sanitation and Drinking-Water (GLAAS) 2017 Report

April 12, 2017

This GLAAS 2017 report is the fourth periodic report, and first thematic report, following on from earlier reports in 2010, 2012, and 2014. It presents an analysis of the most reliable and up-to-date data from 75 countries and 25 external support agencies (ESAs) on the issues related to WASH financing and other elements of the enabling environment, including plans, targets, data availability and measures to reach vulnerable populations.

Obesity and Overweight

March 1, 2017

Key facts:Worldwide obesity has nearly tripled since 1975.In 2016, more than 1.9 billion adults, 18 years and older, were overweight. Of these over 650 million were obese.39% of adults aged 18 years and over were overweight in 2016, and 13% were obese.Most of the world's population live in countries where overweight and obesity kills more people than underweight.41 million children under the age of 5 were overweight or obese in 2016.Over 340 million children and adolescents aged 5-19 were overweight or obese in 2016.Obesity is preventable.

Global Tuberculosis Report 2015

December 12, 2015

This global TB report was produced by a core team of 19 people: Laura Anderson, Anna Dean, Dennis Falzon, Katherine Floyd, Inés Garcia Baena, Christopher Gilpin, Philippe Glaziou, Yohhei Hamada, Tom Hiatt, Avinash Kanchar, Irwin Law, Christian Lienhardt, Linh Nguyen, Andrew Siroka, Charalambos Sismanidis, Lana Syed, Hazim Timimi, Wayne van Gemert and Matteo Zignol. The team was led by Katherine Floyd. Overall guidance was provided by the Director of the Global TB Programme, Mario Raviglione. The data collection forms (long and short versions) were developed by Philippe Glaziou and Hazim Timimi, with input from staff throughout the WHO Global TB Programme. Hazim Timimi led and organized all aspects of data management. The review and follow-up of data was done by a team of reviewers that included Laura Anderson, Annemieke Brands, Andrea Braza, Dennis Falzon, Inés Garcia Baena, Giuliano Gargioni, Medea Gegia, Yohhei Hamada, Avinash Kanchar, Soleil Labelle, Irwin Law, Fuad Mirzayev, Linh Nguyen, Andrew Siroka, Lana Syed, Hazim Timimi, Mukund Uplekar, Wayne van Gemert and Matteo Zignol at WHO headquarters; Tom Hiatt from the Western Pacific Regional Office; Anna Scardigli, Yamil Silva Cabrera, Ezra Tessera, Eliud Wandwalo and Mohammed Yassin from the Global Fund; and Andrea Pantoja (consultant).

Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water: 2015 Update and MDG Assessment

June 30, 2015

The WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Program was established in 1990 and has monitored progress on global safe drinking water and sanitation targets since the Millennium Development Goals were launched in 2000. As the MDG era comes to a close, this report shows how far we have come and how far we still have to go, presenting updated global statistics and disparities by region and wealth. The report also gives an overview of the JMP's work creating, implementing, and expanding WASH monitoring systems over the past 25 years.

The GATS Atlas: Global Adult Tobacco Survey

May 26, 2015

The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) Atlas highlights findings from 22 GATS countries in a user-friendly, visual format and incorporates data covering nearly 60 percent of the world's population. The Atlas presents globally comparable data for more than 3 billion adults. Data presented in The GATS Atlas includes information on monitoring and use of tobacco, efforts to reduce secondhand smoke prevalence, tobacco price and tax information, highlights of regional and country specific tobacco use trends from low- and middle-income countries and a section that tracks progress to reduce tobacco use. In the 22 countries examined in the atlas, 688 million people smoke tobacco and the average age of initiation is under 20 years.GATS is a nationally representative household survey of adults aged 15 years and older that systematically monitors adult tobacco use and tracks key tobacco control indicators. The survey uses a standardized methodology across all countries to generate comparable data within and across countries. GATS is intended to enhance a country's capacity to design, implement and evaluate tobacco control interventions.

Handbook to Support Evaluation of Child Maltreatment

May 18, 2015

As part of a global movement to direct greater attention and resources to child protection, programmes aimed at reducing children's exposure to violence are being implemented with increasing frequency across the world. These programmes are diverse and range from raising public awareness of the issues to widening and strengthening government policies and protective structures, improving children's and families' access to medical, therapeutic and legal support, and increasing children's and parents' protective skills.This handbook is intended to help implementing agencies (e.g. nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), development/foreign aid agencies, community-based organizations, not-for-profit agencies) make better use of existing research and plan for evaluation when designing and implementing child violence prevention programmes, and also to convey these intentions to potential funding organizations.

GLAAS 2014 Findings: Special report for Africa

May 1, 2015

The UN-Water GLAAS Special Report for Africa, an initiative led by WHO in close collaboration with the African Ministers' Council on Water and the African Development Bank, provides data from 39 African countries to take stock on progress made during the MDG period and to set the scene for the upcoming SDGs. The report highlights progress made in governance and increased investments. Challenges remain in monitoring as well as targeting funds to reach vulnerable groups.