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Global Multidimensional Poverty Index 2021: Unmasking disparities by ethnicity, caste and gender

October 7, 2021

This report provides a comprehensive picture of acute multidimensional poverty to inform the work of countries and communities building a more just future for the global poor. Part I focuses on where we are now. It examines the levels and composition of multidimensional poverty across 109 countries covering 5.9 billion people. It also discusses trends among more than 5 billion people in 80 countries, 70 of which showed a statistically significant reduction in Multidimensional Poverty Index value during at least one of the time periods presented. While the COVID-19 pandemic's impact on developed countries is already an active area of research, this report offers a multidimensional poverty perspective on the experience of developing countries. It explores how the pandemic has affected three key development indicators (social protection, livelihoods and school attendance), in association with multidimensional poverty, with a focus predominantly on Sub-Saharan Africa. Part II profiles disparities in multidimensional poverty with new research that scrutinizes estimates disaggregated by ethnicity or race and by caste to identify who and how people are being left behind. It also explores the proportion of multidimensionally poor people who live in a household in which no female member has completed at least six years of schooling and presents disparities in multidimensional poverty by gender of the household head. Finally, it probes interconnections between the incidence of multidimensional poverty and intimate partner violence against women and girls.

National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans: Natural Catalysts for Accelerating Action on Sustainable Development Goals

December 20, 2016

In 2010, the Conference of Parties of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) agreed to an ambitious set of 20 targets, called the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, as part of their commitment to the CBD Strategic Plan. One of the Targets (Target 17) called for each country to revise its National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plan (NBSAP) in accordance with the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. From 2010 to November 2016, virtually all countries have revised, or are currently completing the revision of, their NBSAP. As of November 2016, 123 countries (76 of them eligible for official development assistance) have submitted post-2010 NBSAPs. At the same time, the world agreed to an ambitious set of 17 Goals and 169 Targets in 2015, called the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The absence of a widely accepted taxonomy for describing NBSAP actions makes any systematic and cross-cutting analysis of NBSAPs difficult. Moreover, the collective contribution of specific NBSAP actions to SDGs has not yet been studied. The purpose of this report is to systematically understand the breadth and depth of actions proposed across all NBSAPs, to propose a common framework for analysis, and to understand the relationship between NBSAPs and the SDGsThe data in this report comes from more than 6000 actions included in NBSAPs of 60 countries. These NBSAPs have all been submitted to the Secretariat of the CBD after 2010, and all are from countries eligible to received funding from the Global Environmental Facility. The researchers tagged each of the actions in this analysis not only by the thematic categories and generic actions of this taxonomy, but also by the associated primary and secondary SDGs and their associated targets (as well as by Aichi Biodiversity Targets). In doing so, the collective impact of the contribution of NBSAPs toward fulfilling the SDGs is beginning to emerge. The data from this analysis are far richer and more complex than this interim report can convey. However, it is clear from this preliminary analysis that the impact of NBSAP actions extends far beyond Goal 14 (Life Below Water) and Goal 15 (Life on Land). The NBSAP examples of actions provided under each of the categories illustrate how a single action can contribute to multiple goals. The actions included across all NBSAPs would, if fully implemented, catalyze progress in national food security, water security, livelihoods, economic growth, disaster risk reduction, health, gender and climate resilience, among other goals. Furthermore, because NBSAPs are adopted as policy instruments, they provide a ready pathway for fast implementation of national sustainable development goals.Investing in biodiversity and ecosystems through NBSAP actions also ensures that no one is left behind in the implementation of the SDGs. Nature provides a safety net to billions of people around the world: 1.6 billion people depend on forests for jobs, livelihoods, food and fuel; one out of eight people depend on fisheries for their livelihoods; and more than 4 billion people depend on medicines derived from forests for their health.  Investing in nature helps ensure that the most vulnerable people in society, especially the more than 800 million people living in poverty, have a durable safety net.The recommendations included at the end of this report highlight the potential need for targeted support to countries to implement key thematic areas. The authors hope that this preliminary analysis will enable governments, and the organizations that support them, to focus their efforts on supporting those thematic areas that will have the most impact in accelerating progress in implementing NBSAP actions. They also hope this report will encourage donor organizations to consider supporting the implementation of NBSAP actions that have direct SDG outcomes.

Transitioning From the MDGs to the SDGs

November 9, 2016

This UNDP-World Bank Report pulls together the main lessons learned from the MDG Reviews for the UN system and for its engagement at the country level, which took place at the UN System Chief Executives Board for Coordination (CEB). The Reviews, which brought together UN and World Bank Group staff, systematically identified the country situation, the bottlenecks to MDG attainment, and potential solutions to be implemented. Since many MDGs have been absorbed into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), many of the observations and solutions provided could prove useful to the implementation of the SDGs.Sixteen countries from across the world and the subregion of the Pacific Island countries took part in the CEB reviews, addressing several different MDGs.These strongly advocated for cross-sectoral and cross-institutional thinking within the UN system to accelerate progress on off-track MDG targets. Bottleneck analysis, proposed under the MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF), helped UN system organizations fully appreciate that investing in solutions within a particular sector may be necessary, but not sufficient to gain enough momentum to meet a particular target.The CEB reviews showed that significant gains were possible when agencies came together to support an acceleration goal. Country teams improved the alignment and coherence of UN system activities on the ground, bridged sectoral silos while still valuing the specialized expertise of individual agencies, and more effectively advocated with governments and other partners. High-level coordination between UN country teams and World Bank country offices was repeatedly recognized as an accomplishment.Three main conclusions clearly apply to the transition from the MDGs to the 2030 Agenda:Support cross-institutional collaboration between the UN system and the World Bank;Advance better understanding of cross-sectoral work, and the interrelatedness of goals and targets; andPromote global and high-level advocacy.

Unleashing the Potential of Philanthropy in China

December 1, 2015

Countries like China, but also Brazil, India, Indonesia and South Africa, are becoming more involved in development assistance not only through government aid but also through private investment, remittances and homegrown philanthropy. As the world looks for additional sources of funding to finance its fight against poverty, inequality and climate change, a lot of hope is resting on the rise of philanthropy. A strong and healthy philanthropic sector in China, confident in looking outside its borders and with the right capacities to respond to the great demands, will benefit China, as well as the rest of the world. This report believes that China today has the unprecedented opportunity to tap into its expanding non-profit and philanthropic sector. Home to record numbers of billionaires who have started to give back, with more and more corporations investing in corporate social responsibility (CSR) and with an expanding middle class increasingly aware of environmental and social challenges, China has vast resources to mobilize in support of philanthropy. In the last few years, technology and new media have created innovative ways to donate, which are making it even easier for the general public to participate in philanthropy. Finally, as Chinese businesses and state-owned companies continue to go global, China's philanthropists are also starting to look beyond their borders.

Engaging Philanthropy in the Post-2015 Development Agenda: Lessons Learned and Ways Forward

September 24, 2015

Since its inception in July 2014, the Post-2015 Partnership Platform for Philanthropy -- soon to be called the SDG Philanthropy Platform or Platform for short -- has created vital linkages between an emergent philanthropy sector from around the world, the United Nations (UN) and some governments. It is leveraging the strengths of these stakeholders to contribute to the achievement and localization of the SDGs. Several key successes can be claimed:A clear track has been created for philanthropy to engage more deeply and in a more unified manner with the UN-led SDG process through concerted advocacy, communications and awareness-raising strategies.Progress has been made towards creating a global knowledge base around philanthropy's significant role in development initiatives around the world.Credible strides have been made in developing a data repository on philanthropic giving.

Supporting Development in Ghana: The Role of Foundations

September 11, 2015

Foundation funding focused on Ghana over the past decade has encompassed all aspects of the global development agenda and beyond. Among foundations whose grants are tracked by Foundation Center, their giving focused on Ghana totaled $499 million between 2002 and 2012. While few foundations intentionally aligned their grantmaking priorities with the MDGs, over half of grants (54 percent) made by the 151 foundations included in this analysis and most of their grant dollars (79 percent or $394 million) supported activities consistent with at least one of the eight MDGs.

Post-Event Report: Fostering Commitment and Leadership for Philanthropy's Engagement in the Post-2015 Development Agenda for Indonesia

April 13, 2015

The Post-2015 Partnership for Philanthropy in Indonesia was launched in Jakarta on April 13th, 2015. The initiative seeks to identify opportunities and promote strategic multi-stakeholder partnerships for philanthropy's collaborative engagement in the Post-2015 Development Agenda, using that agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) as common ground for collaborative development work.

Informe Pos Evento: Fomentando el Liderazgo y el Compromiso de la Fillantropia y la Inversion Social Privada (ISP) Con la Agenda Pos 2015 Para Colombia

March 12, 2015

El 12 de marzo de 2015 el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo-PNUD junto con la Asociación de Fundaciones Empresariales-AFE, el Foundation Center, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, la Fundación Ford, la Fundación Conrad N Hilton y la Fundación Master Card, presentaron la 'Plataforma de Colaboración pos 2015 para la Filantropía y la Inversión Social Privada', un nuevo proyecto que busca identificar y promover oportunidades de colaboración estratégica multisectorial para la filantropía y la inversión social privada, en marco de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible-ODS y laAgenda de Desarrollo pos 2015.

Post-Event Report: Fostering Commitment and Leadership for Philanthropy's Engagement in the Post-2015 Development Agenda for Colombia

March 12, 2015

On March 12, 2015, the United Nations Development Programme, UNDP, along with the Asociación de Fundaciones Empresariales AFE Colombia, (Association of Corporate and Family Foundations in Colombia), the Foundation Center, Rockefeller Philanthropy Advisors, Ford Foundation, the Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, and The MasterCard Foundation, launched the 'Post-2015 Partnership Platform for Philanthropy and Private Social Investment', a new project that seeks to identify opportunities and promote strategic multi-stakeholder partnerships for philanthropy and private social investment. Post-2015 Partnership Platform for Philanthropy and Private Social Investment' envisions to use the framework of Post-2015 Development Agenda, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), as a common ground for the collaborative work.

Fomentando el Liderazgo y el Compromiso de la Filantropía y la Inversión Social Privada (ISP) con la Agenda pós-2015 para Colombia

March 1, 2015

La presentación de esta iniciativa se realizó a través del taller Fomentando el Liderazgo y el Compromiso de la Filantropía y la Inversión Social Privada (ISP) con la Agenda pos-2015 para Colombia, que convocó no solamente la comunidad filantrópica, sino también al gobierno nacional y local, al sector privado, a la academia, y a la sociedad civil, con el objetivo de abrir el diálogo para identificar y potenciar oportunidades en las que la filantropía y la inversión social privada (ISP) puedan avanzar hacia una colaboración más estratégica en este nuevo contexto de desarrollo. En Colombia este proceso tendrá especial importancia, teniendo en cuenta los retos que enfrenta como sociedad ante la llegada del pos conflicto y la necesidad de sentar las bases de una paz duradera. La 'Plataforma de Colaboración pos 2015 para la Filantropía y la Inversión Social Privada' facilitará la colaboración, no solamente en el ámbito nacional con los cuatro pilotos que está realizando (Kenia, Colombia, Indonesia y Ghana), sino también una colaboración global.

Fostering Commitment and Leadership for Philanthropy's Engagement in Post-2015 Development Agenda in Kenya

November 21, 2014

Our first pilot country launch in Kenya of the Post-2015 Partnership Platform for Philanthropy brought together over 80 participants from the philanthropic sector, UN system, civil society, business and government to expand the dialogue toward a more systemic approach to development challenges, exchange and deepen understanding across sectors, glean priorities for data gathering and use, and to sow the seeds for deeper collaboration on the Post-2015 Development Agenda. The workshop also provided an opportunity to discuss themes such as financial inclusion and youth employment, education, and women's rights and empowerment.

MDG Progress Reports: Africa

October 1, 2014

Performance on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) has varied by country and region; some regions are closer to meeting the targets, while others such as Africa are not as close. But Africa has accelerated progress on the MDGs despite unfavourable initial conditions, being the region with the lowest starting point. Thirty-four out of 54 countries that are classified as Least Developed Countries (LDCs) are in the African region, representing a disproportionate share of low-income countries (LICs). It is therefore inappropriate to assess the continent's performance on the same basis as the more advanced regions; when assessments take into account the initial conditions of the continent, it emerges that the pace of progress on the MDGs in Africa has accelerated since 2003. Indeed, an assessment of performance based on effort reveals that eight of the top ten best performers (i.e. those experiencing the most rapid acceleration) are in Southern, East, Central and West Africa. Burkina Faso ranked the highest in MDG acceleration. Furthermore, progress was more rapid in LDCs than in non-LDCs.