Clear all

42 results found

reorder grid_view

Rapid Gender Analysis Ukraine: May Update

May 3, 2022

The lives of people across Ukraine have been profoundly impacted by the humanitarian crisis brought on by the invasion on 24 February 2022. As of 29 April, 5.5 million refugees have already fled Ukraine, and the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has reached 7.7 million. Of those who have fled the country, it is estimated that 90 per cent are women and children, while most men aged 18–60 are required to stay behind under martial law. Based on current data from the International Organization for Migration, 60 per cent of the adult internally displaced population are female, while 40 per cent are male. As the crisis quickly evolves, so do the needs and priorities of women and men across Ukraine.This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA), carried out by UN Women and CARE International, seeks to draw attention to the gender dynamics in the humanitarian crisis resulting from the war in Ukraine. The RGA also proposes recommendations for humanitarian leadership, actors and donors to ensure consideration of the gendered dimensions of risk, vulnerability and capabilities in response to this crisis.The RGA is a progressive publication based on both primary and secondary data sources that compares pre-crisis data with up-to-date information as the situation evolves. This RGA builds upon the RGA Ukraine Brief developed by CARE International during the first week of the war and on the UN Women and CARE RGA published 29 March based on an analysis of secondary data. For this report, the RGA team reviewed English, Ukrainian and Russian sources and interviewed 179 women and men from local communities across Ukraine, as well as representatives from civil society organizations (CSOs), UN agencies and government bodies. Particular effort was made to ensure that the voices of women and men in vulnerable situations and from different marginalized groups were included.

Rapid Gender Analysis of Ukraine: Secondary Data Review

April 5, 2022

Since 24 February 2022, and the invasion of the sovereign territory of Ukraine, there have been devastating effects in the country, including massive civilian displacement and casualties. The number displaced as of 25 March is estimated at 10.2 million. Attacks have taken place across the country, including Kyivska oblast and the capital city of Kyiv, as well as the eastern oblasts of Donetska and Luhanska, which were already affected by conflict.Prior to the recent escalation, modest gains had been made in Ukraine in terms of the advancement of gender equality and women's rights in the country. Much of this is to the credit of an advanced women's rights civil society. Yet these gains were under pressure from deeply entrenched gender discrimination as well as eight years of conflict and displacement and the disproportional socioeconomic impact (including violence against women) caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Pre-existing gender and intersectional inequalities worsen during a crisis, and any advances made will be further affected by the current war.This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) seeks to draw attention to the gender dynamics in the war in Ukraine—both pre-existing and emerging—and draws out recommendations for humanitarian leadership, actors and donors to ensure consideration of the gendered dimensions of risk, vulnerability and capabilities in response and preparedness to this crisis. This RGA is a progressive publication based on secondary data resources both pre-crisis information as well as information that has been released after 24 February. Resources comprise of English, Ukrainian and Russian language sources across humanitarian information sources and media as well as being informed through anecdotal discussions with UN Women partners. The secondary data review was conducted between 14 and 22 March 2022. This RGA builds upon the RGA Ukraine Brief developed by CARE International during the first week of the conflict and will be followed by another publication that will include an analysis of both primary and secondary data.

Menstrual Hygiene Management in Humanitarian Situations: The Example of Cameroon

January 1, 2018

Menstrual hygiene is an integral part of a woman's health and has a lasting impact on education, livelihoods and the security of women, guaranteeing their empowerment. However, it is clear that menstrual hygiene is little or not taken into account in humanitarian response plans for refugees. As part of the WSSCC/UN Women Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation, a study was conducted by the Institute for Training and Demographic Research IFORD in refugee camps in Cameroon. It investigates the difficulties that women experience during menstruation, and makes an inventory of water, sanitation and hygiene infrastructure fixtures in the camps.

Macroeconomic Policy and Women's Economic Empowerment

December 21, 2017

At its core, the economic empowerment of women - to succeed and advance economically and to make and act on economic decisions - depends on the quantity and quality of paid employment, the provision or absence of public services, the amount of unpaid care work borne by women, as well as coverage or lack thereof under core social and labour protections.This paper discusses how macroeconomic policies are crucial enablers of gender equality, as they shape the overall economic environment for advancing women's economic empowerment. It focuses on how macroeconomic policies support employment creation, the level of unpaid care required of women and the size of fiscal space, which determines the resources available for governments to promote gender equality.

Gestion De L'hygiène Menstruelle: Expérience De Populations Nomades Et Sédentaires Du Niger

March 16, 2017

La présente étude sur la gestion de l'hygiène menstruelle (GHM) examine et analyse les comportements et les pratiques en matière de gestion de l'hygiène menstruelle et leur impact sur les conditions de vie des femmes et des filles sédentaires et nomades au Niger. L'étude été réalisée dans quatre régions du Niger: Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua, et Tillabéri. Elle s'inscrit dans le cadre du programme conjoint du Conseil de concertation pour l'approvisionnement en eau et l'assainissement WSSCC et d'ONU Femmes « Genre, Hygiène et Assainissement » mené en Afrique de l'ouest et du centre.

Menstrual Hygiene Management: The Experience of Nomadic And Sedentary Populations in Niger

March 16, 2016

This study examines and analyses behaviours and practices for the management of menstrual hygiene and their impact on the living conditions of sedentary and nomadic women and girls in Niger. The study was carried out in the regions of Maradi, Zinder, Tahoua and Tillabéri under the Joint Programme on Gender, Hygiene and Sanitation in West and Central Africa and implemented by WSSCC and UN Women. The findings of the study reveal various shortcomings, especially in rural areas and, more specifically, among nomadic populations. It highlights that women and girls can fully participate in society and the economy and lead active lives in school, work and leisure if they are better informed. The study also recommends that MHM needs to be clearly articulated in public policies and national strategies with associated budgets and monitoring systems.

Gender Equality, Child Development and Job Creation: How to Reap the 'Triple Dividend' From Early Childhood Education and Care Services

December 16, 2015

This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations for realizing the triple dividend from early childhood education and care (ECEC) services.ECEC services have come to occupy an important place on the global policy agenda. While some developed countries have long invested in this area, a growing number of developing countries are following suit. As those who carry out the bulk of childcare -- as unpaid caregivers as well as service providers in day-care and preschool institutions -- women have a huge stake in this issue. However, the implications for women, as mothers or childcare workers, have been insufficiently reflected in the work of international organizations and many national-level policies that tend to focus mainly on children.Well-designed investments in ECEC services can have major economic and social pay-offs for families, individuals and societies at large by: (a) facilitating women's labour force participation, (b) enhancing children's capabilities and (c) creating decent jobs in the paid care sector. But this triple dividend is not automatic. It needs to be built into service design and delivery.This brief discusses different mechanisms for financing, delivering and regulating ECEC services and highlights promising avenues for realizing the triple dividend. It argues that the key is high-quality childcare that is available, affordable, accessible and compatible with the needs of working parents. This brief draws on key findings of UN Women's flagship report, "Progress of the World's Women 2015 - 2016."

Making National Social Protection Floors Work for Women

December 16, 2015

This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on making social protection floors work for women. The idea of a social protection floor (SPF) is now firmly established on the global development agenda. Defined as a set of minimum guarantees, including basic income security for children, working-age adults, older people and people with disabilities, as well as essential health care for all, SPFs hold promise for women, who are over-represented among those excluded from existing social protection schemes. To date, however, the integration of gender concerns in social protection has been uneven and ambiguous, with women's specific risks and constraints not addressed.Drawing on cross-country evidence and experiences, this brief highlights promising ways to make SPFs work for women. Much can be done in terms of integrating gender into the design and implementation of programmes that promote income security across the life cycle, including cash transfers, public works programmes, and pensions. To provide long-term solutions, however, these efforts must be part of a broader package, including policies that enable women to access decent work -- which remains the main source of income for most working-age adults and their families.This brief draws on key findings of UN Women's flagship report "Progress of the World's Women 2015 -- 2016."

Protecting Women's Income Security in Old Age: Toward Gender-Responsive Pension Systems

December 16, 2015

This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on transforming pension systems to reduce gender gaps and protect women's income security in old age.Ageing has a female face. Women not only live longer than men but are also less likely to enjoy income security and economic independence in old age. Because of a lifetime of economic disadvantage, older women end up with lower incomes and less access to land, housing and other assets that would help them maintain an adequate standard of living. In addition, pension systems grossly fail to produce equal outcomes for women. In most countries, women are less likely than men to receive a pension at all, or they have lower benefits.Gendered labour market and life course patterns lie at the roots of women's disadvantage in old age, but their impact can be magnified or mitigated by specific features of pension system design. This brief takes a closer look at these features and shows how pension systems can be transformed to reduce gender gaps and protect women's income security in old age.This brief draws on key findings of UN Women's flagship report "Progress of the World's Women 2015 - 2016."

Why Macroeconomic Policy Matters for Gender Equality

December 16, 2015

This brief synthesizes research findings, analysis and policy recommendations on creating an alternative gender-responsive macroeconomic agenda.Macroeconomic policy, including fiscal and monetary policy, is often thought of as gender-neutral. But economic policy choices affect women and men differently because of their different positions in the economy, both market (paid) and non-market (unpaid). For instance, budget cuts that reduce social spending may increase the demands on women's unpaid household labour, while trade liberalization may negatively affect women's employment in contexts where they are overrepresented in import-competing sectors, such as agricultural food crops. Yet, macroeconomic policies to date have paid scant attention to these issues and have therefore not been conducive to the achievement of gender equality.Focusing on goals, measurement and policy instruments, this brief lays out the key problems with current macroeconomic policies and provides building blocks for an alternative macroeconomic agenda that is rights-based and gender-responsive.This brief draws on key findings of UN Women's flagship report "Progress of the World's Women 2015 -2016."

Ebola Impact Revealed: An assessment of the differing impact of the outbreak on the women and men in Liberia

October 28, 2015

This research report examines the differing impacts of the Ebola outbreak in Liberia on women, men, girls and boys. Focusing on the areas of agriculture and livelihoods; gender-based violence; access to health services; and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), it looks at women's involvement in the national response to the outbreak, as well as community coping strategies. The report finds that women were disproportionately affected by the outbreak, and that gender, disability and geographical location were the most important factors in determining how people were impacted by the crisis. Women in rural areas were found to have particularly suffered.The research report draws conclusions regarding how the Liberian government, NGOs and civil society might improve the ongoing national response, including increasing the participation of women and broadening their education and skills.

Preventing Conflict, Transforming Justice, Securing the Peace: A Global Study on the Implementation of United Nations Security Council resolution 1325

October 14, 2015

To mark the fifteenth anniversary of the adoption of resolution 1325 (2000), the Security Council adopted resolution 2122 (2013) inviting the Secretary-General to conduct a review with regard to the implementation of resolution 1325. The review was to identify the gaps and challenges, as well as emerging trends and priorities for action. It requested the SecretaryGeneral to thereafter submit a report based on the findings of this review to the Security Council in October 2015. The Secretary-General requested Radhika Coomaraswamy to be the lead author of the study on the recommendation of the United Nations Standing Committee on Women, Peace and Security. UN Women was requested to be the secretariat of the study. A High-Level Advisory Group was constituted from all regions of the world to assist Ms. Coomaraswamy