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Index of U.S. Energy Security Risk: Assessing America's Global Vulnerabilities in a Global Energy Market

February 13, 2014

This 2013 Edition of the Institute for 21st Century Energy 's Index of U.S. Energy Security Risk illustrates, perhaps more than any of the previous editions, the scale and scope of the changes taking place in U.S. energy markets and how those are improving energy security at a pace unseen since the early 1980s. It also is a good time to take stock of how the U.S. Index, after four editions, has done at answering the simple question: Is our energy security is getting better or worse, and why?As the report details, there are signs of improvement. Nevertheless, the overall level of energy security risk is uncomfortably high and is projected to remain so. However, the situation is not quite as gloomy as it was in recent years, and the current projection over the next several years looks to be less precarious than was thought a few years ago.One positive trend in particular that has emerged is the rise in domestic unconventional oil and gas production. It is noteworthy both for how it has influenced U.S. energy security risks over the past few years and how it might lessen future risks.

Help Wanted: The Role of Foreign Workers in the Innovation Economy

November 30, 2012

In February of 2011, President Barack Obama attended a small dinner with several Silicon Valley executives. Seated between Apple founder Steve Jobs and Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, the conversation quickly turned to the large shortage of trained engineers in the United States, according to Walter Isaacson's biography of Steve Jobs. Jobs reportedly put the case bluntly to the President, stating that he employs 700,000 factory workers in China because he cannot recruit 30,000 engineers in the United States. Similar stories of skills gaps are found at companies large and small all over the US economy. As a near term solution to fill the perceived STEM shortage, University Presidents, STEM employers, STEM workers, and others have called on Congress to reform US immigration laws to recruit and retain high-skilled foreign-born STEM workers, and members of Congress have taken up the call for reform. Both Democrats and Republicans from the US Senate and the US House of Representatives have introduced bills to provide green cards to foreign advanced degree graduates in STEM from US universities. Polls have shown broad bipartisan support for these bills across political, ideological, racial, and ethnic lines. As these bills are considered, it is important to ask and address the following questions: (1) Does a STEM shortage exist?; (2) What is the extent of the STEM shortage, and in what fields is it most prominent?; and (3) Would hiring foreign STEM professionals displace their American counterparts?

Life in the 21st Century Workforce: A National Perspective

September 26, 2011

Presents findings from two studies about the education, training, and types of skills employers seek in hiring or promoting employees as well as those the workers themselves believe are important, such as interpersonal, collaborative, and problem-solving.

The Economic Impact of H-2B Workers

November 11, 2010

The Labor, Immigration & Employee Benefits division of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and Immigration Works USA are pleased to present this important study of the economic impact of the H-2B visa program. Many American businesses could not function without the H-2B program. Small, medium-sized and large employers in every region of the country count on it to keep their businesses open and growing, and to create opportunities for U.S. workers. Yet the program is under constant attack by critics, who all too often make a case based on rhetoric and hypothetical scenarios, not hard economic data. This report uses original economic analyses to examine the true economic effects of the H-2B program.