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Red Rural, Blue Rural Fact Sheet

August 5, 2015

Political commentators routinely treat rural America as an undifferentiated bastion of strength for Republicans. In fact, rural America is a deceptively simple term describing a diverse collection of places encompassing nearly 75 percent of the U.S. land area and 50 million people. Voting trends in this vast area are far from monolithic. Republican presidential candidates have generally done well in rural America, but there are important enclaves of Democratic strength there as well. In "battleground" states, these rural differences may have a significant impact on tightly contested elections.

Community Strength and Economic Challenge: Civic Attitudes and Community Involvement in Rural America

June 7, 2011

In any given year, close to one in three Americans volunteer with a local organization and get involved in various activities that benefit their community. Community leaders and policy makers are interested in levels of community engagement because there is a presumption that a community's civic health can translate into community wealth as a result of local residents working together to improve their community's economic sustainability and quality of life. Although rural Americans are slightly more likely than urban and suburban residents to participate in community activities, not all rural communities demonstrate a similarly high level of community trust and engagement.

Rural Areas Risk Being Overlooked in 2010 Census

March 1, 2010

Provides an overview of factors that complicate the census in rural areas, including seasonal and temporary employment, vacation homes, and lack of funding; population groups most likely to be undercounted in rural counties; and long-term ramifications.

The Forgotten Fifth: Child Poverty in Rural America

July 15, 2009

Analyzes demographic trends among the one-fifth of poor children who live in rural areas and compares child poverty rates in rural and urban areas. Explores the roles of family structure, employment, and education and the effects of government assistance.

Many New Hampshire Jobs Do Not Pay a Livable Wage

October 20, 2008

Two forces are likely to have the greatest impact on the projected availability of livable wage jobs in coming years. The first is the course of the current economic downturn. Table 11 shows the New England Economic Partnership (NEE P) forecast for New Hampshire's unemployment rate from 2008 to 2012. As the table shows, unemployment is projected to increase from 3.7 percent in 2007 to 4.2 percent in 2009, after which it is projected to gradually fall. The latest NEE P forecast predicted a relatively mild economic contraction, which provides some reason for optimism among New Hampshire workers. However, any optimism should be tempered by the fact that the latest forecast was issued before the dramatic stock market decline and at the beginning of the financial crisis.The second major factor impacting the availability of livable wage jobs is the changing composition of New Hampshire's economic base. Between 2000 and 2007, New Hampshire lost 25,400 manufacturing jobs, representing a 25 percent decline in the industry.10 Over the same period, jobs in education, healthcare, retail trade, and leisure and hospitality grew by about the same number of jobs. To the extent New Hampshire continues in this transition from a production-based to a service-based economy, the proportion of livable wage jobs is expected to decline.

Many New Voters Make the Granite State One to Watch in November

October 14, 2008

The voting population of New Hampshire is among the most mobile in the United States. About one-third of the potential voters are new to the state's electoral process since 2000. Both young voters and recent migrants are more likely to identify themselves as Democrats and less likely to identify with Republicans than are established voters. Voter turnover fueled by demographic change is also affecting voter registration, with a growing Democratic base and stable or declining numbers of registered Republicans. We conclude that demographic change has significant implications for the November election.

Profile of New Hampshire's Foreign-born Population

May 29, 2008

New Hampshire, like the rest of the nation, is experiencing an increase in the numbers and diversity of its foreign-born population. The state's foreignborn population has experienced significant changes recently that are different from most other states. Highlights of the report * The percentage of the population that is foreign born in New Hampshire was above the national average in the first half of the 20th century and now it is significantly below the national average. * In the early 2000s -- from a relatively low base -- the state's percentage of foreignborn population has been increasing faster than all but six other states. * Immigrants to New Hampshire come from a wider range of places than is true elsewhere. * New Hampshire's foreign-born population has higher levels of educational attainment and income than the national average. * New Hampshire's foreign-born population is geographically concentrated in Hillsborough County and Manchester. * In the 1990s, New Hampshire had a lower foreign-born growth rate than the national average, but that is changing in the 21st century.

The State of Coos County: Local Perspectives on Community and Change

May 13, 2008

To learn more about how Coos County residents view the changes happening in their communities and the region, the Carsey Institute conducted telephone interviews with more than 1,700 adults in Coos and adjacent Oxford County, Maine in spring and summer 2007. Through about 100 survey questions researchers collected data on residents' experiences of change, their levels of concern about environmental issues, and the key issues they feel their communities are facing. This information is especially timely given the present point of transition in Coos. The survey also provides data on the economic and demographiccharacteristics of the county population, such as marital status, educational attainment, race/ethnicity, age, politics, and household income. The survey data can be used to examine the relationships between demographic factors, and to compare the changing circumstances of subgroups such as newcomers versus long-timers, or low-income versus middle-income and affluent residents. The survey presents a useful opportunity to track change in ways that go beyond the limitations of commonly-used secondary data, and offers a benchmark against which future changes can be measured and assessed.While the results for Coos are discussed at length throughout the report, the figures that display data for Coos as a whole also show data from Oxford County, Maine for purposes of comparison. These comparisons will be more meaningful in the future, when Oxford will function as a "control" county against which change in Coos can be compared, particularly as it relates to new investments, initiatives, and choices made by Coos residents. Where relevant, the Coos population is separated into subgroups according to length of residence, income, and age.

The Changing Faces of New England: Increasing Spatial and Racial Diversity

February 15, 2008

New England's population stood at 14,270,000 in July of 2006, a gain of 347,000 residents since 2000. This gain of 2.5 percent is less than half that of the nation as a whole and lags far behind the fast growing South and West. The modest overall population gain in New England masks sharply contrasting demographic trends within the region.

New Faces at the Polls for New Hampshire Presidential Primary

December 19, 2007

There will be many new faces at the polls on January 8th for the New Hampshire Presidential Primary. Between 2001 and 2006, at least 207,000 people moved to New Hampshire from elsewhere in the United States and 188,000 left the state. With only 1,315,000 residents, this has produced considerable turnover in the pool of potential voters.

The Changing Faces of New Hampshire: Recent Demographic Trends in the Granite State

December 18, 2007

The future of New Hampshire depends in part on the size, composition, and distribution of its population. This report provides insights into the patterns of demographic change underway in the state using the latest data available. My goals here are threefold: * Summarize current population redistribution trends in New Hampshire * Show how natural increase (the balance of births and deaths), domestic migration and immigration each contributed to these population trends * Document how these demographic trends vary by age, race and Hispanic origin and geography.

The State of Working New Hampshire 2007

October 19, 2007

The national economy recovered relatively quickly from the 2001 recession, with the economy growing at a rate that averaged just below 3 percent a year. During this period, growth in national productivity has been very strong, even outpacing the growth in national productivity in the boom period of the last half of the 1990s. However, workers in New Hampshire and in the nation have not had equivalent growth in their wages, real income, and employment.The period since the 2001 recession has been characterized as a "jobless recovery." New Hampshire has had only 3 percent employment growth since 2000. This slow growth follows a five-year period of 15 percent job growth in the state between 1995 and 2000. Job growth was also greater during the previous economic recovery of the early 1990s, with 6 percent growth between 1990 and 1995.This issue brief updates employment figures and trends documented in the State of Working New Hampshire 2006. By and large, there were only small changes in employment over the past year. Where it is useful for perspective, the report includes references to employment trends in New Hampshire since 1990, a time period that provides perspective on state-level economic trends following two recessions and two distinct periods of economic expansion.This brief is produced in cooperation with the Economic Policy Institute (EPI).