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Transitioning to a Government-Run Refugee and Migrant Response in Greece: A joint NGO roadmap for more fair and humane policies

December 12, 2017

Two years on from the peak of the "refugee crisis" in Greece, the Greek state is beginning to take over management and financing of aspects of the reception and integration system, and many international nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) that came to assist with the then-humanitarian emergency are downsizing or preparing to exit the country entirely. At this turning point, the 13 undersigned NGOs believe it is critical to reflect on our field experiences, build on the progress collectively made, and provide recommendations for a smooth transition and a sustainable Greek Government-managed refugee and migrant reception and integration system.The transition to a government-run response is a positive step if implemented transparently, promptly, and in close collaboration with local governments, as well as the organisations currently providing services, soon to fall under the responsibility of the Greek Government. It is under this current state of affairs, and with the goal of preventing regression, that we write this report.

Protect My Future: The Links Between Child Protection and Employment and Growth in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

May 28, 2013

This report emphasises the value of integrating a life cycle approach into the conceptualisation of inclusive growth and employment whereby childhood is considered as a time for learning and development, laying the foundations for future social and economic well-being. Children need to be supported during these critical periods of learning and development and protected from labour pressures, violence, neglect, and exploitation, within the home and in all other areas of their lives.

Protect My Future: Why Child Protection Matters in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

April 1, 2013

This inter-agency paper is the culmination of a series on the links between child protection and major development goals, designed to feed into the thematic debates around the post-2015 development framework.The alarming impacts of child protection failures are likely to grow in significance unless something is done urgently. Global trends such as climate change, migration and urbanisation are all increasing children's vulnerability and governments are not investing enough resources in building and maintaining comprehensive child protection systems. Children around the world want more support to enable them to grow up free from violence, and within caring, safe families. It is therefore is essential that governments, UN agencies and other actors engaged in the design of the framework that will replace the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015:1. Include a goal on child protection. For example: All children live a life free from all forms of violence, are protected in conflicts and disasters, and thrive in a safe family environment2. Listen to the voices of children, including vulnerable and commonly excluded groups such as those without adequate care and protection, in debates around the design of the post 2015 development framework and in the implementation and monitoring of this framework.3. Promote the equitable achievement of all other goals included in the post 2015 development framework through assessing progress within commonly excluded and discriminated against groups, including children without adequate care and protection.

Protect My Future: The Links Between Child Protection and Disasters, Conflict and Fragility in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

March 13, 2013

In this paper, we examine the implications of this lack of prioritisation for the post-2015 development framework, arguing that this framework must include a goal and target on child protection that applies to both fragile and non-fragile states, and makes specific reference to emergency contexts. Since 2000, 2.3 billion people have been directly affected by disasters and in 2011 alone almost 200 million people were affected, including 100 million children (Gupa-Sapir, Santos and Bordre 2013). Conflict, disasters and fragility have devastating effects on children's lives, and have contributed to the wider global crisis in child protection. For example, children may become separated from families during crisis periods or exposed to violence, abuse and child labour as a consequence of the impact of conflict and disasters on household poverty and livelihood practices, and in conflict situations, children are often forced to join armed forces or groups (CPWG 2012; Child Soldiers International 2012). Fragile states commonly lack even basic effective child protection measures, and children are at particular risk of many forms of abuse and exploitation in such settings (World Vision 2012). Despite the heightened vulnerability of girls and boys during and after conflict and disasters, currently humanitarian action does not give adequate priority to child protection and care, a situation that reflects the broader lack of attention given to this important issue in fragile and non-fragile states.

Protect My Future. The Links Between Child Protection and Population Dynamics In the Post-2015 Development Agenda

March 1, 2013

Globally, populations are changing at a rapid rate, and it is essential that any efforts designed to improve the well-being of societies recognise and respond to these changes. This includes the design of the framework that will replace the current Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), and consultations on the content of this framework rightly include specific attention to population dynamics. Key trends identified by this background paper for the Global Thematic Consultation on Population Dynamics in the Post-2015 Development Agenda include: population growth, population ageing, urbanisation and migration. In this paper we focus on some of these trends to illustrate the major impact of population dynamics on children, with a particular emphasis on their care and protection. We focus specifically on:The rising numbers of children in the developing world, many of whom are at risk as a consequence of living outside of parental careThe growing rates of child migration and consequent exposure to trafficking and other forms of exploitation, abuse and neglectThe impacts of rising adult migration on the children who are left behindThe increasing vulnerability of children as a result of urbanisationThe phenomenon of 'skipped-generation' households and the impacts on children and older people of the rising use of grandparent care.Through these examples, we argue that several major population trends are leading to boys and girls around the world becoming increasingly exposed to inadequate care, exploitation, abuse and neglect. This combined evidence suggests that a post-MDG framework which acknowledges the dynamic needs of populations must consider the growing importance of a focus on children's protection and care, an area neglected by the current MDGs.

Protect My Future: The Links Between Child Protection and Good Governance in the Post-2015 Development Agenda

February 28, 2013

The lack of adequate care and protection of children is a global crisis, with millions of girls and boys engaged in exploitative child labour or living on the streets, neglected or abused within families, or poorly cared for in institutions. Governments are primarily responsible for addressing this crisis and need to provide the necessary leadership to ensure the effective care and protection of such vulnerable children. Yet governments are failing to fulfil these obligations, and this failure is closely linked to the extremely weak governance of the child protection sector.This suggests that those working in the child protection and governance sectors urgently need to work jointly to improve governance within the child protection sector. In relation specifically to the post-MDG framework, the analysis highlights the importance of goals and indicators for multiple elements of governance, and the need to ensure that such goals and indicators are being applied across all sectors, including the commonly neglected area of child protection. The indicators included below could be used to specifically assess the degree to which a good governance framework is being applied in the child protection sector:Rule of law: Number of countries with comprehensive legal and policy frameworks (including enforcement mechanisms) aimed at reducing the exploitation, abuse and neglect of children.Delivery of public services: Percentage of net budget allocated to child protection (and other sectors) service provision; number of professionally trained social workers per 10,000 of the population.Accountability: Number of countries with child protection information management systems in place and publicly available; number of countries with child protection oversight bodies or mechanisms; number of civil society organisations active in child protection.Overall, the poor governance of the child protection sector is an indication of a lack of leadership commitment to this sector, which has been impacted by the absence of any goals, targets, or indicators on child protection in the current MDG framework. It is therefore proposed that any future framework also includes the following overall goal on child protection:Ensure all children live a life free from all forms of violence, exploitation, abuse and neglect, and thrive in a safe family environment.

Beyond a Snapshot: Learning lessons from the Terre des Hommes International Campaign against Child Trafficking (2001-2011)

December 17, 2012

The United Nations (UN) adopted a new international legal instrument in November 2000, the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. This contained a new definition of trafficking in persons and more particularly defined what was to be understood by child trafficking. The issue of human trafficking in general, and trafficking in children in particular, was highly relevant during the subsequent decade and anti-trafficking projects and initiatives attracted a great deal of funding. However, by the end of the decade, when funding declined, it was still not clear how much had been achieved. Some key developments during TDH's campaign are summarised in Table 1 of the report. In the early part of the last decade, between 2002 and 2006, numerous declarations against trafficking were adopted in specific regions of the world and governments proceeded to ratify the UN Trafficking Protocol and to adopt new legislation (or amend existing laws) to enforce it. Noting various weaknesses in the UN Trafficking Protocol's provisions concerning protection and assistance, various international organisations developed sets of guidelines about the protection of people who had been trafficked, including children. In 2003 UNICEF adopted a set of Guidelines for Protection of the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Southeast Europe, which were developed into a set of global Guidelines for the Protection of Child Victims of Trafficking in 2006.

Protect My Future: The Links Between Child Protection and Equity

October 1, 2012

The lack of care and protection facing children is a global crisis with billions of children experiencing abuse, neglect or exploitation, and many millions growing up outside of families, on the streets or in harmful institutional care. This lack of adequate care and protection is commonly the result of inequalities.Gender norms make girls especially vulnerable to sexual abuse and exploitation, early marriage and domestic work, and boys to hazardous child labour and detention. Children with disabilities, from ethnic minorities or living with or affected by HIV are more likely than their peers to suffer from a loss of care and protection, and income inequalities increase exposure to child labour and institutionalisation.Children without adequate care and protection are commonly stigmatised, and have inequitable access to education, health, social protection and justice. Combined with the long lasting impacts of neglect, abuse and institutionalisation, this lack of access to basic services severely diminishes life chances, creating a spiral of disadvantage.In order to break this spiral, a three-pronged strategy is required which sees: reductions in social and economic inequalities that have a major impact on children's care and protection; increased investments in strong and equitable national child protection systems and efforts to address the stigma and discrimination faced by children without adequate care and protection.