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Philanthropy and Development in Southern Africa: Executive Summary

May 15, 2015

The Rosetta Stone, created in 196 BC during the Ptolemaic era under the reign of King Ptolemy V, is an archaeological gem for history buffs, documenting a decree in three ancient scripts: demotic, hieroglyphics, and ancient Greek. It is credited as the key to understanding the language of the ancient empire. But it was also key to their economics: the Stone was a virtual tax agreement granting mega exemptions to priests, military and other elites, and in the process, shifting the tax burden to the poor and the slaves. Operationalising poverty required governance: it would fall to the priests and other philanthropists to provide carefully managed 'relief' when things became unbearable. The purpose, of course, was maintaining the system rather than changing it.

Philanthropy and Development in Southern Africa: Philanthropy and Illicit Financial Flows Options for African Philanthropy to Support Better Economic Governance and Reduce Illicit Financial Flows

January 1, 2015

This paper will consider the interrelationship between illicit financial flows (IFFs) and philanthropy in the South African and African economies. The objective of this paper is to explore ways in which African philanthropy can support efforts to improve economic governance and reduce IFFs. Illicit flows have been estimated at over US$1.2 trillion globally in 2012, with particularly harmful effects in vulnerable economies and in African extractive economies in particular (Global Integrity Foundation, 2013; UNECA, 2014). The issue is multi-faceted and involves philanthropic organisations at several different levels: firstly as organisations themselves, secondly with regard to the organisations and individuals with which they work, and thirdly, at a broader scale, in terms of their influence, advocacy and campaign efforts aimed at structural change in the macro economy for the benefit and wellbeing of the poor and excluded. The third is important since the scale of funds that philanthropy can provide to ameliorate poverty, inequality, social exclusion and clean environments is currently considerably offset by the amount of resources directed away from the vulnerable due to IFFs and the consequences of the way the global economy is designed and regulated more generally. Ameliorating IFFs requires building cross-issue networks and platforms for advocacy and campaigning; moving to an African philanthropy narrative and funding base; improving internal transparency; while continuously acting to reduce opacity in the giving sector and beyond, in order to build economic justice.

Philanthropy and Development in Southern Africa: Tax (In)Justice and Philanthropy

January 1, 2015

In the Philanthropy & Development in Southern Africa series, three related research papers; on philanthropy and resource governance (Shauna Mottiar), on illicit flows and tax (Khadija Sharife), and on illicit flows and the potential and policy required to change economic structures (Sarah Bracking), all focus on the contemporary and enduring problem of economic injustice in Africa in the context of huge and increasing outflows of illegally transferred wealth. The three papers explore illicit financial flows as both cause and consequence of malign structures of political economy, and then ask what philanthropists can best do about the agenda of illicit flows and economic justice.

Philanthropy and Development in Southern Africa: Philanthropy and Resource Governance

January 1, 2015

Philanthropic practice in the resource extraction sector is significantly under researched and forms the basis for this study. An obvious concern for social justice scholars and development scholars alike is that massive profits accumulated from resource extraction initiatives in Africa are seldom re-invested in the communities directly impacted or even more broadly in the development agendas of countries that house these resources. This paper considers the role of philanthropy in the resource governance debate. It begins by outlining the scope of resource governance and considering understandings of philanthropy. Drawing on preliminary evidence from three (random) examples of resource extraction in Africa, it argues that philanthropic practice has some way to go before reaching its optimal potential and that further research is required to gain more insight into this potential. The paper concludes with a discussion on philanthropy's role in resource governance and incorporates a series of recommendations.

CSOs & Business: Joint Agents for Change

January 1, 2012

Slow burners. That is a good way to describe partnerships between businesses and Civil Society Organisations, or CSOs. They take time to start up and develop and while the results can be remarkable, success is not guaranteed. Why these relationships anyway? Linking capacities of businesses and civil society organisations could enhance sustainable and fair development a reality for all world citizens.For CSOs and business organisations there is a huge question hovering over the slow growing crop of their partnerships: why? Why get involved with an organisation that could as well be from a different world? It is a question for both parties but the perspective we take in this publication is that of the CSO and the challenges it faces in such partnership. This publication suggests that there are answers to that big question.

Establishing a Civil Society Support Mechanism with the Pan African Parliament (PAP), the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) and the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM)

July 1, 2007

The Southern Africa Trust would like to thank the research team that was led by Bhekinkosi Moyo of TrustAfrica. He was assisted by Che Ajulu; Michele Ruiters and Nhamo Samasuwo of the Institute for Global Dialogue. The lead researcher wishes to thank Michele and Che for reading and commenting on the preliminary report. From Southern Africa Trust, appreciation goes to Neville Gabriel, Barbara Kalima- Phiri and Thembinkosi Mhlongo, who gave valuable support and input into the study. The study would not have been possible without the participation of various respondents throughout southern Africa and the rest of the continent. The Southern Africa Trust also extends its gratitude and appreciation to delegates who participated in the first-ever dialogue meeting between CSOs and the Pan African Parliament in May (7-8) 2007 at the margins of the 7th Session of the Pan African Parliament. Their contributions have been integrated into the report.

How Can We Make Aid to Civil Society Organisations More Effective in Overcoming Poverty

June 1, 2007

This policy brief is based on the findings of the research commissioned by the Southern Africa Trust on: Aid Effectiveness: Trends and impacts of shifting financial flows to civil society in southern Africa.

Re-inventing Civil Society Formations for More Effective Pro-poor Regional Policy Influencing in Southern Africa: A Quantitative Assessment of Progress in the Southern Africa Trust's Work Between Baseline Indicators and Results in 2010

June 1, 2007

This report is a comparative analysis of the Southern Africa Trust baseline survey carried out in 2007 and a mid term evaluation done in 2010 on capacity for, and extent and quality of engagement in, pro-poor regional policy influencing by civil society formations in the southern Africa region, against which the Trust could evaluate the impact of its work.