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US Supermarket Supply Chains: Ending the human suffering behind our food

February 19, 2018

Inequality is rampant across the global economy, and the agro-food sector is no exception. At the top, big supermarkets and other corporate food giants dominate global food markets, allowing them to squeeze value from vast supply chains that span the globe, while at the bottom the bargaining power of small-scale farmers and workers has been steadily eroded in many of the countries from which US supermarkets and others from around the world source. The result is widespread human suffering among the women and men producing our food. This reports put key findings of the global campaign report Ripe for Change: Ending human suffering in supermarket supply chains in a US context.

The Weak Link: The role of local institutions in accountable natural resource management in Peru, Senegal, Ghana, and Tanzania

April 27, 2016

Extractive industries present potentially large opportunities for developing countries. However, advocates for responsible natural resource management are often frustrated by the fact that best-practice policy prescriptions are frequently ignored by governments in developing counties. As a result, there has been a growing effort to understand how policy decisions are made, and how political and economic incentives shape development outcomes.With support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Oxfam has produced a detailed study of the political economy of decision making, with research conducted in Peru, Ghana, Senegal and Tanzania. Reports for each of the countries are below (Tanzania report forthcoming), along with a synthesis of the findings.

Evaluation of the Global Leaders Empowered to Alleviate Poverty (LEAP) Program

May 14, 2015

Oxfam's Global Leaders Empowered to Alleviate Poverty (LEAP) program ran for four years from 2011, funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Its main purpose was to promote political leadership for global development. The global reach and the range of partnerships involved in the LEAP project enabled Oxfam to identify and demonstrate improvements in practice across six areas: How to influence policy Effective tactics The global balance in practice The role of Civil Society in global development policy Public support for global development issues How the project developed - identity, strategy and prioritiesThe external and independent evaluation of the first three years of LEAP focussed on two main areas of work: Oxfam's relative contributions to policy advocacy outcomes; and how, and how far, Oxfam's linking of global, national and local advocacy for policy change can show measurable added value.The evaluation concludes that LEAP offered Oxfam and its partners increased influence on policy processes and outcomes, as well as increased advocacy capacity across a range of issues. It identifies three strands from the project for future action: Improving and making the case for aid to fight hunger and poverty Increasing G20 and BRICSAM leadership on global poverty Making the US a global development leaderFor each strand the report outlines internal and external issues: Which factors facilitated and hindered the success of the project? What strategies were most and least effective? Did 'linking to global' add value and amplify voices in and from the Global South? How far did the project encourage staff from Oxfam and external stakeholders to reflect on the development and management of the project? What were challenges of coordinating staff, partners, governments, policies and projects?The LEAP Final Evaluation research was carried out in Brazil, France, Haiti, India, Mexico, Spain, South Africa, the United States and in Pan African (AU) and European (EU) institutions.The Management Response to LEAP Evaluation paper offers specific feedback on the Global LEAP project (as of February 2015) from the LEAP Project Director and from Oxfam America's Vice-President of Policy and Campaigns.For a full list of LEAP Evaluation files and translations, scroll down below this record and click on the file.

Keeping the Lifeline Open: Remittances and Markets in Somalia

July 31, 2013

Somalia receives more money from migrants abroad than from humanitarian and development assistance and foreign direct investment combined. Now, these remittances to Somalia are under threat. Somali-American Money Transfer Operators (MTOs), a critical link to a country that has been mostly cut off from the international banking system, need bank accounts in the United States in order to complete money transfers to Somalia. Though these MTOs have invested significantly in compliance, banks in the US have steadily closed their accounts and declined to open new ones. Further account closures for Somali-American MTOs would be disastrous for Somalia's recovery and would dramatically reduce the transparency and security of remittances.

Colombia: Contested spaces briefing paper

June 21, 2013

Colombia has one of the longest-running armed conflicts in the world. This briefing paper draws on Oxfam's research in Colombia in late 2011 into the impacts of Colombia's stabilization programme, the National Consolidation Plan (NCP). Interviewees clearly indicated that the NCP and other stabilization efforts had failed to make communities more secure, often leaving them less safe. Severe limitations were also found in the attempts to promote conflict-sensitive development. The United States is one of the leading donors to the NCP, along with Spain and the Netherlands.

The Role of Local Institutions in Adaptive Processes to Climate Variability: The cases of southern Ethiopia and southern Mali

February 8, 2013

Farmers and herders in arid regions of Africa face serious challenges in adapting to climate change and variability. They are highly exposed to climate stresses, especially drought, but adaptation to climate change is far from being a clear-cut biophysical or technical problem: it is also a social challenge. Although communities in semi-arid zones have organized their cultures and livelihoods around uncertainty and the risk of drought, climate predictions indicate that new extremes will be a real challenge to their capacity to adapt. This report looks at local social institutions in Ethiopia and Mali and their role in adaptation.

Exploring the Links Between International Business and Poverty Reduction: The Coca-Cola/SABMiller value chain impacts in Zambia and El Salvador

January 23, 2013

This study is the result of a multi-year collaboration between The Coca-Cola Company, Oxfam America, and SABMiIIer to apply Oxfam's Poverty Footprint methodology to the Coca-Cola/SABMiIIer value chain in Zambia and El Salvador. The methodology, which was originally developed and applied to Unilever's operations in Indonesia, is designed to help companies understand and improve their poverty impacts. It is intended to provide a platform for dialogue, innovation, and accountability.

An Ounce of Prevention: Preparing for the Impact of a Changing Climate on U.S. Humanitarian and Disaster Response

June 21, 2011

Examines the potential impact of climate change, including more disasters, economic stress, and social pressures, with respect to civilian and military response efforts. Calls for a coherent government approach and a strategic emphasis on long-term effect