Clear all

14 results found

reorder grid_view

Beyond Encryption: Our Vision for Trustworthy Messaging in a Viral World

January 11, 2022

Private messaging platforms like Messenger, Signal, Telegram, WeChat, and WhatsApp are seminal technologies. By assuring private communication on a global scale, these innovations expand and protect democracy as well as our human rights. They have fundamentally reshaped human connection.Omidyar Network believes in the promise of this type of technological innovation. We also believe tools with this depth of political, economic, social, and cultural influence must be held to the highest standards of trustworthiness and safety.For the past three years, we have invested in individuals and organizations that are working to make private messaging platforms more trustworthy (and as a result, safer). We have seen firsthand the pivotal role of private messaging platforms in empowering diverse ideas and social movements. And we have witnessed the inequality, injustice, and trauma that result from risky design choices which preference the technology's scale, virality, and monetization over its users' well-being. To preserve the best qualities of these innovations, all stakeholders must engage in renovating the product designs, policies, and incentives that introduce and increase risk.

Squatting Rights: Access to Toilets in Urban India

April 30, 2018

Sanitation brings the single greatest return on investment of any development intervention– for every $1 spent on sanitation at least $9 is saved in health, education and economic development. Despite this well established fact, in India this sector has remained neglected for most of its post-Independence history. Even today, millions of Indians are subjected to grave ill health, increasing threats to safety, lower spending on education and nutrition, reduced productivity and lowerincome earning potential resulting into a deepening cycle of poverty – all for want of a basic sanitation facility. This is especially true for urban India. Growing slum population and lack of adequate sanitation force over 50 million men, women and children to defecate in the open everyday. The poor bear the worst consequences of inadequate sanitation in the form of ailingchildren, uneducated girls and unproductive people, making these populations even more vulnerable and costing India 6.4% of its GDP. The fact that even nations with lower per capita income such as Bangladesh and Pakistan are scoring far better than India on various sanitation indicators serves as a wakeup call. The need for improved urban sanitation in India is pressing and warrants public and philanthropic investment. Increasing levels of urbanization, rising densities of slums and historical lack of attention to urban sanitation only make this need more urgent.This report highlights that recent policy developments focusing on urban sanitation coupled with strategic philanthropic funding, can go a long way in providing urban poor with access to improved sanitation and ensuring healthy, prosperous cities.

Constiuent Voices: Lean Data Learnings

March 1, 2018

This report sets out results from a consultation to explore ways to stimulate and develop community philanthropy as a means of contributing to the sustainability of civil society and supporting the effectiveness of development aid.The consultation was undertaken by the Aga Khan Foundation USA and the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation in association with the Global Fund for Community Foundations. The Ford Foundation also contributed resources to the process.Three meetings were held (in Washington D.C., Johannesburg, and Dhaka). Three working papers were written during the process, and two articles published in Alliance magazine so that a wider constituency could offer feedback. People who took part in meetings are listed in Annex A.

Public Scrutiny of Automated Decisions: Early Lessons and Emerging Methods

February 27, 2018

Automated decisions are increasingly part of everyday life, but how can the public scrutinize, understand, and govern them? To begin to explore this, Omidyar Network has, in partnership with Upturn, published Public Scrutiny of Automated Decisions: Early Lessons and Emerging Methods.The report is based on an extensive review of computer and social science literature, a broad array of real-world attempts to study automated systems, and dozens of conversations with global digital rights advocates, regulators, technologists, and industry representatives. It maps out the landscape of public scrutiny of automated decision-making, both in terms of what civil society was or was not doing in this nascent sector and what laws and regulations were or were not in place to help regulate it.Our aim in exploring this is three-fold:1) We hope it will help civil society actors consider how much they have to gain in empowering the public to effectively scrutinize, understand, and help govern automated decisions; 2) We think it can start laying a policy framework for this governance, adding to the growing literature on the social and economic impact of such decisions; and3) We're optimistic that the report's findings and analysis will inform other funders' decisions in this important and growing field.

Is Social Media a Threat to Democracy?

October 10, 2017

The advent of social media introduced transformative platforms for people to share thoughts and information in entertaining and connective ways. But the benefits are increasingly being overshadowed by negative consequences as the monetization—and manipulation—of information threatens to tear us apart.In this paper, we examine six key issues and implications presented by social media participation and manipulation, and we cite examples of what we and others are doing—or could do—to possibly mitigate their negative impact.

Big Data, Small Credit: The Digital Revolution and Its Impact on Emerging Market Consumers

October 26, 2015

This research report sheds light on a new cadre of technology companies who are disrupting the credit scoring business in emerging markets. Using non-financial data -- such as social media activity and mobile phone usage patterns -- complex algorithms and big data analytics are forever changing the economics of how we identify, score, and underwrite credit to consumers who have been invisible to lenders until now.

Frontier Capital: Early Stage Investing for Financial Returns and Social Impact in Emerging Markets

October 5, 2015

This report outlines the importance and promise of serving low- and lower-middle-income (LMI) populations -- essentially, the groups situated between the very bottom of the pyramid and the existing middle class. As we detail herein, LMI populations have huge unmet needs and face quite a bit of instability -- challenges that can be addressed by innovative business models. We believe companies serving this demographic represent an under-tapped opportunity, both for financial returns and for outsized impact. The LMI segment represents a major market opportunity. For example, in Latin America and the Caribbean, the purchasing power of the LMI population is estimated at $405B. In South Asia, it is estimated at $483B.

No Private Matter: Confronting domestic violence in India

March 1, 2014

One out of every three women in India is a victim of domestic violence. Further, 50% of men and women believe this act is justified. Domestic violence intensifies gender inequality, decreases productivity, increases economic burden and translates into poor health outcomes for both women and children. Primary prevention of domestic violence will potentially save lives and money - investments made to prevent intimate partner violence can protect the physical, mental and economic development of individuals and communities. No Private Matter highlights priority areas to end domestic violence: prevention and early intervention, leveraging the power of the community, building evidence and strengthening the implementation of the Protection of Women against Domestic Violence Act. Dasra evaluated over 110 non-profits in the sector and highlighted 13 organizations with the most scalable and impactful programs on the ground.

Voting Counts: Liberty and equality for all

January 1, 2014

There is broad agreement between policymakers, scholars, civil society and business that good governance is a fundamental ingredient of sustained progress and economic development. Good governance relies on effective policies and laws, and the institutions that implement them - which in turn are shaped by the people that a society chooses to represent it. Voting Counts provides an overview of governance-related issues that India faces today. The paper intends much-needed dialogue and greater engagement on election reform.

Marry Me Later: Delaying marriage and pregnancy in India

December 1, 2013

40% of all child marraiges worldwide occur in India, and in the country's six most affected states more than 60% of all girls are married before age 18. A girl who marries later is more likely to stay in school and remain healthy. She delays childbearing, has healthier children, develops life skills, and earns a higher income. She reinvests her income in her family, thereby creating inter-generational impact and leading her family out of poverty. Marry Me Later highlights key strategies focused on creating alternate life options, sensitizing gatekeepers, promoting birth and marriage registration, and addressing the needs of adolescent brides to prevent and take action against child marriage. Dasra evaluated more than 300 non-profits working on the issue of child marriage, to highlight 10 organizations with the most scalable and impactful programs on the ground.

Accelerating Entrepreneurship in Africa: Understanding Africa's Challenges to Creating Opportunity-Driven Entrepreneurship

April 19, 2013

Despite the positive economic news and encouraging trends that have emerged from Africa over the past decade, the troubling reality remains that the everyday livelihoods of Africans have not kept pace with macroeconomic growth, andper capita GDP levels on the continent persistently lag behind the rest of the world . We submit that entrepreneurship canaddress this stubborn income gap in Africa if -- and only if -- itis able to evolve beyond its current state of necessity-based informality into one thatis vibrant and robust enough to promote sustained economic growth and generate long-term, viable livelihoods across the continent .To better understand the state of entrepreneurship in Africa,Omidyar Network launched the Accelerating Entrepreneurship in Africa Initiative in 2012 . To execute this multi-phase research project, we were fortunate to partner with the Monitor Group, and together we set outto identify the challenges facing African entrepreneurs and pinpoint the most trenchant barriers that inhibit high-impact entrepreneurship .The first phase of the initiative commenced with a survey of 582 entrepreneurs in six Sub-Saharan African countries: Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa and Tanzania. That survey, in turn, was augmented by 72 in-depth interviews and then benchmarked against 19 global peers .The survey focused on four critical aspects of entrepreneurial environments:Entrepreneurship assets:Financing, skills and talent, and infrastructure .Business support: Government programmes and incubation .Policy accelerators: Legislation and administrative burdens .Motivations and mindset: Legitimacy, attitudes, and culture .The second phase of the initiative broughttogether business, government and thoughtleaders to analyse the survey findings, as well as more closely examine the state of entrepreneurship in Africa . .The sessions were held in October 2012 at the inaugural Entrepreneurship in Africa Summit in Accra, Ghana. The summit was convened by Omidyar Network in collaboration with the African Leadership Network and the Monitor Group and drew more than 300 relevant leaders from both private and public sectors to participate in a solutions-driven dialogue on fostering high-impact entrepreneurship across the continent.

Power of Play: Sports for development in India

April 1, 2013

40% of all child marriages worldwide occur in India, and 70% of employers find Indian youth unemployable. Sport is recognized as a low-cost, simple and effective medium to achieve key development goals for children and youth. Power of Play highlights how age-appropriate play can improve health and academic outcomes, foster gender equality, enhance social inclusion and promote employment. Dasra evaluated over 70 non-profit organizations across India, to highlight 10 organizations with the most scalable and impactful programs on the ground.