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Towards Sustainable Agriculture Systems in the 21st Century

January 26, 2017

In the last 20 years, there has been a remarkable emergence of innovations and technological advances that are generating promising changes and opportunities for sustainable agriculture, yet at the same time the agricultural sector worldwide faces numerous daunting challenges. Not only is the agricultural sector expected to produce adequate food, fiber, and feed, and contribute to biofuels to meet the needs of a rising global population, it is expected to do so under increasingly scarce natural resources and climate change. Growing awareness of the unintended impacts associated with some agricultural production practices has led to heightened societal expectations for improved environmental, community, labor, and animal welfare standards in agriculture.

A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas

July 19, 2011

Details the NRC's framework for new standards in K-12 science education that provide all students with some appreciation of science; knowledge to engage with scientific and technological information beyond school; and skills for careers of their choice.

A Plan for Evaluating the District of Columbia's Public Schools: From Impressions to Evidence

March 4, 2011

Suggests a framework for evaluating the impact of a 2007 law instituting mayoral control of schools and other reforms on structures and roles, strategies, conditions for student learning, and outcomes. Calls for annual reporting and in-depth studies.

Toward Sustainable Agricultural Systems in the 21st Century

June 29, 2010

Reviews literature on U.S. farming practices, technologies, and management systems that could improve agriculture's environmental, social, and economic sustainability; their risks and trade-offs; and gaps in the knowledge. Makes recommendations.

A Survey of Attitudes and Actions on Dual Use Research in the Life Sciences

February 5, 2009

Presents results of a survey of American Association for the Advancement of Science members in the life sciences on their knowledge and perceptions of dual use issues, their role in reducing the risks of misuse, and the need for oversight mechanisms.

Adolescent Health Services: Missing Opportunities

December 9, 2008

Examines the status of adolescents' health and health services, including critical needs, promising models, and components for improving disease prevention and health promotion. Recommends better primary care, coordinated policy, and expanded coverage.

Mississippi River Water Quality and the Clean Water Act: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities

October 10, 2007

Makes recommendations for how to coordinate water quality monitoring efforts among the ten states through which the Mississippi River runs. Discusses the Clean Water Act's successes and failures in reducing pollution.

Water Implications of Biofuels Production in the United States

October 10, 2007

Examines the potential impacts of continued ethanol production on water quality and supply, including increased pressure on local aquifers, increased levels of nitrogen in groundwater, and runoff pollution in streams and rivers.