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Good Jobs in Greater Manchester: The role of employment charters

April 6, 2017

A more inclusive labour market would offer more people the chance to take part in rewarding, well-paid work, bringing both economic and social benefits. In the context of declining union membership, limited employment regulation and a growing disconnect between pay and living costs, employment charters are one means for cities to engage employers and start a conversation about how their employment practices can enable local people to live and work well.This paper and the accompanying case studies grew out of a conversation about ways to facilitate more inclusive growth in cities. It focuses on Greater Manchester and reviews the rationale, design and impact of several local employment charter initiatives in the UK to assess the role that they can play in creating and sustaining quality jobs.

The Uneven Impact of Welfare Reform: The financial losses to places and people

April 6, 2016

Welfare reform has become a defining feature of contemporary UK government policy. The impact of welfare reforms varies enormously from place to place and for different types of household.This report quantifies the impact of welfare reforms since 2010. It shows that the reforms have contributed to a widening of the prosperity gap between different regions of the UK, with families and working age adults worst affected, and knock-on effects to local economies. In total, 83 percent of the loss from the post-2015 reforms can be expected to fall on families. Parallel changes related to tax, the minimum wage, social sector rents and childcare are unlikely to offset these financial losses.

Forced Labour in Northern Ireland: An Update

June 24, 2014

There is growing awareness of the problem of forced labour and other forms of exploitation that have been collectively described as 'modern slavery'. In 2011, an ICR research report Forced Labour in Northern Ireland found limited cases distributed across a wide range of employment sectors. This report updates the evidence on forced labour in Northern Ireland. The research: finds evidence of exploitation in more employment sectors than the 2011 report identified, suggesting the number of people affected by forced labour in Northern Ireland is growing; identifies what progress has been made in tackling forced labour since 2011 and what challenges remain; makes a number of recommendations to government, including specific changes to policies and approaches.

Forced Labour in the United Kingdom

June 1, 2014

Forced labour is a serious crime that currently affects thousands of people across the UK -- and the number of cases is growing. JRF has supported research into the nature, scale and scope of forced labour in the UK since 2010. As the UK Government, Northern Ireland Assembly and Scottish Parliament consider new legislation to tackle the issue, this round-up draws together JRF's programme of research, highlighting the most significant findings and key recommendations.Key points:The growth of forced labour has coincided with changes in the nature of the UK's labour market. Increasing casualisation of jobs and longer supply chains within big companies have led to greater potential for workers to be exploited. The government's light-touch approach to workforce regulation, weak enforcement of labour standards and immigration policies that exclude people from formal employment also make workers more vulnerable.Forced labour can take many forms, and is not limited to immigrant workers or those who are working in the UK illegally. Interviews with those affected reveal different types of exploitation and the research explains why workers in some industries are particularly prone to it.Improved regulation, enforcement and protection for those affected is needed, and this document recommends ways it can be provided. It stresses that forced labour will only be eradicated through greater joined-up working by the government, which must address the causes, not just the symptoms.

Promise or Pitfall? How Foundations Collaborate and Develop Partnerships

February 28, 2012

This project was prompted in part by my involvement in a partnership between foundations, the European Programme on Integration and Migration (EPIM). The experience of working with colleagues from other foundations taught me a great deal about the benefits of collaboration, but also about the difficulties.

Capacity Building: Lessons from a Pilot Programme with Black and Minority Ethnic Voluntary and Community Organisations

August 29, 2006

Despite the black and minority ethnic (BME) sector's ability to provide culturally appropriate services and to play an active and key role in civic engagement and social inclusion, BME organisations are often marginal to local policy debates and feel 'used by mainstream and statutory agencies to deliver the latter's goals and targets rather than being fully involved in strategic policy discussion' (Craig et al., 2002). Many BME groups experienced exclusion from the traditional structures of the voluntary and community sector, and from different levels of government decision making combined with a more stringent level of funding scrutiny (Craig et al., 2002), reflecting the racism experienced by the communities themselves. It is this inequality and marginalisation of certain groups from the process of mainstream society that the Council of Ethnic Minority Voluntary Organisations' capacity building programme challenged.The Joseph Rowntree Foundation (JRF) and CEMVO commissioned Charities Evaluation Services (CES) to evaluate the programme.

Fair Enough? Central and East European Migrants in Low-Wage Employment in the UK

January 1, 2006

This report explores the employment experiences of migrants from East and Central Europe, and reviews employer demand for their labour. The research took advantage of the accession of ten new countries to the European Union on 1 May 2004 to explore the consequences of granting EU citizens' rights to migrants in the UK. It describes the perceptions and experiences of the employment of migrants from four new member states (the Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Poland and Lithuania) working in low-wage occupations. Sectors of the UK economy selected were agriculture, construction, hospitality, and the au pair sector. It examines employers' recruitment practices and why they hire migrant labour; in particular, what the perceived advantages of migrant labour are. The report also discusses the Workers' Registration Scheme. The research surveyed and interviewed over a thousand workers and employers before and after EU enlargement.

Home for Good? Preparing to Support People with Learning Difficulties in Residential Settings when they Develop Dementia

June 1, 2004

This report explores the findings of a study which investigated the current models of practice for supporting people with learning difficulties and dementia living in care home settings. It looked at the key issues and discovered examples of best practice in relating to providing care homes for this group. The report includes a poster with some quick tips for staff supporting people with learning difficulties and dementia.