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Trends in Migration, Hosting and Payment for Commercial Child Pornography Websites

May 28, 2008

The Financial Coalition Against Child Pornography ("Coalition") was formed in 2006 to address the alarming growth of commercial child pornography over the Internet. Its members include leaders in the banking and payments industries, as well as Internet services companies. One of the Coalition's charters is to track and anticipate how the mechanics of commercial child pornography are evolving. This paper looks at Trends in Migration, Hosting and Payment for Commercial Child Pornography Websites.

Child Pornography: Model Legislation & Global Review

January 1, 2008

ICMEC has reviewed the child pornography legislation currently in place in the 187 Interpol Member Countries to gain a better understanding of existing child pornography legislation and to gauge where the issue stands on national political agendas. In particular, we looked to see if national legislation:exists with specific regard to child pornography;provides a definition of child pornography;criminalizes computer facilitated offenses;criminalizes possession of child pornography, regardless of the intent to distribute; andrequires Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to report suspected child pornography to law enforcement or to some other mandated agency.In April 2006, we released a global report card in the form of our report, Child Pornography: Model Legislation & Global Review. Our end results are, to say the least, shocking. As of July 2009, of the 187 Interpol Member Countries,only 35 have legislation sufficient to combat child pornography offenses (6 Member Countries meet all of the criteria set forth above and 29 Member Countries meet all but the last criteria, pertaining to ISP reporting);91 have no legislation at all that specifically addresses child pornography; and124 do not criminalize simple possession legislation.Pursuant to our 2006 report, ICMEC is working with governments and organizations around the world to create and enhance child pornography laws. We have seen creation of new law in Brazil, Costa Rica, the Czech Republic, Egypt, India, Moldova, and Portugal, and we have seen enhancements to existing legislation in many others, including the Dominican Republic and Hungary.

U.S./European Summit on Missing & Exploited Children

March 12, 2007

In October 2005, representatives from 20 countries, the United Nations, European-Union institutions, and the Council of Europe participated in the first-ever U.S./European Summit on Missing and Exploited Children. They discussed, compared, and assessed the effectiveness of: national and international legal instruments enacted to combat child abduction and the sexual exploitation of children;national and supranational initiatives that address the increasingly complex moral, societal, and legal challenges; andcurrent private and non-governmental initiatives and practices that support the protection of children. Specifically, participants sought to provide a common, universally agreed upon definition of the problem of child sexual exploitation.

Creating A Global Agenda to Combat Child Pornography

November 3, 2003

Today our society is permeated with sexually explicit and graphic materials that are widely available in nearly every setting and through nearly every mode of communication -- print, audio, and video. The rapid growth in the availability of the Internet images during the last decade has posed additional challenges to the problem. Child pornography has become a genuine concern for parents, teachers, law enforcement, and policy makers worldwide. There are now at least 40,000 sex-oriented sites on the world wide web and probably thousands more. According to a US study, only 17 percent of youth and approximately 10 percent of parents could name a specific authority, such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, CyberTipline, or an Internet Service Provider, to which they could make a report. The above indicates a clear need for complete and thorough examination of the problem and a call for potential solutions. In October 2002 the International Centre for Missing & Exploited Children (ICMEC) held its first forum on the issue of combating child pornography. The goal of the forum was to explore the extent of the problem of child pornography, raise the awareness of the child-pornography issue within the international community, and create a worldwide plan of action for ICMEC to combat this egregious matter. ICMEC convened a team of experts with knowledge and practical experience who are committed to fighting against child pornography. Our panel of experts focused on identifying gaps and fostering candid discussion about what needs to be changed on the political, legal, and social levels internationally. The participants unanimously concurred that the problem of child pornography is enormous and growing dramatically, fueled by the Internet. They agreed that despite aggressive efforts by law-enforcement leaders around the world, there are still too few specialists and inadequate resources. They also concluded that the proceeds of child pornography are being used for an increasing array of unlawful purposes. The report that follows is a synopsis of the forum's results, as well as a "Call to Action" to those who care about the world's children and protecting them from victimization. ICMEC is spearheading an international campaign known as "The Dublin Plan," a worldwide effort to attack this problem, improve laws, expand knowledge and resources, and enhance coordination among policy makers, law enforcement, and the public. Working together as advocates and professionals, we can improve our ability to protect victims and target offenders who prey upon children.