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Rural Sanitation in Africa: Challenges, Good Practices and Ways Forward

January 31, 2019

In order to achieve universal safely managed sanitation across Africa by 2030 the scale and pace will need to increase drastically. As the African sanitation community reassemble for AfricaSan 5 we hope the opportunity is grasped to rejuvenate commitments to those who still lack the fundamental human right of access to sanitation and hygiene facilities.This edition of Frontiers of CLTS draws on the discussions held across two regional Africa events in 2018, highlighting the challenges faced by programme implementers (both government and non-government staff) at different levels in relation to the Ngor Commitments and the achievement of universal access to safely managed sanitation. A range of initiatives are presented that show promise in addressing these challenges, along with recommended priority actions.

Innovative WASH Options in Situations of Severe Overcrowding

October 20, 2017

A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.

Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Immersive Research

October 12, 2017

Praxis, the CLTS Knowledge Hub at the Institute of Development Studies and WaterAid undertook an immersive research project to learn from the experiences of districts that had been declared open defecation free. The researchers spent three nights and up to four days in each of a total of eight villages in Madhya Pradesh (3), Uttar Pradesh (2) and Rajasthan (3), in districts which had been declared open defecation free (ODF).They stayed with families without a specific agenda learning open-endedly from lived experience, observation and conversations. The main report sums up the key findings and suggests ways to strengthen the Swachh Bharat Mission – Gramin; the policy and practice note presents actionable recommendations; and the methodology note describes the activities, challenges, lessons learnt and guidance for use of the methodology by others.

Equality and Non-discrimination (EQND) in Sanitation Programmes at Scale (Part 1)

September 3, 2017

A well-facilitated Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme that pro-actively considers and involves people who might be disadvantaged has been shown to have many benefits. A lack of this can and will often have negative impacts and make programmes and ODF unsustainable.This issue of Frontiers of CLTS looks at who should be considered potentially disadvantaged, how they can effectively participate and what may be needed to address diverse needs in order to make processes and outcomes sustainable and inclusive. Using a range of examples from GSF programmes that were part of a recent study on Equality and Non-Discrimination, it explores the challenges that may occur and concludes with suggested good practices that will strengthen the processes to the benefit of all.

Researching the Linkages Between Social Protection and Children's Care in Rwanda: The VUP and its Effects on Child Well-Being, Care, and Family Reunification

May 6, 2014

This research investigates the links between the Vision 2020 Umurenge Programme (VUP), child well-being, children's care and family reunification. It is part of a wider study on the linkages between social protection and children's care in Rwanda, Ghana and South Africa.The research is a joint initiative by Family for Every Child and the Centre for Social Protection (CSP) at the Institute for Development Studies (IDS) in the UK. Uyisenga Ni Imanzi, a Rwandan NGO and member of Family for Every Child, led the research in Rwanda.This qualitative study addresses three overarching questions:What are the linkages between social protection and the quality of children's care?What is the link between social protection and the loss of parental care or family separation?How does social protection influence decisions about foster or kinship care?The sample for this study includes more than 120 adults and 90 children from Rwabicuma and Kibilizi sectors in Nyanza district, Southern Province. Participants included programme staff, programme participants and community members.This series will also include reports from Ghana and South Africa by Spring 2015

Fisheries and Aquaculture and Their Potential Roles in Development: An Assessment of the Current Evidence

June 15, 2013

Commissioned by the International Sustainability Unity, this report investigates a number of innovative solutions that have been developed to deal with five key challenges that are impeding progress in achieving sustainable fisheries: overcapacity; perverse subsidies; poor governance; lack of data; and by-catch and discards. These key challenges are interlinked and affect the sustainability of fisheries both directly as well as indirectly by undermining instances of good management. Through 22 case studies demonstrating good practice, we explore how these challenges have been addressed around the world and how these approaches might be scaled up and applied in other fisheries. Each case study draws on published material and interviews with key people involved in the fishery. The main report draws lessons from these case studies.

The Future of International Development and Philanthropy: Promoting Human Wellbeing in a Challenging Global Context

September 6, 2012

This report provides an analysis of the insights offered by the Bellagio Initiative, a global deliberative process implemented by the Institute of Development Studies, Resource Alliance and the Rockefeller Foundation over a period of six months in 2011.The Bellagio Initiative was a process of deliberation about how to meet the challenges to and seize the opportunities for protecting and promoting human wellbeing in the twenty-first century. It consisted of a series of global events that engaged a wide range of policymakers, academics and practitioners from international development and philanthropy.There were three components to the Bellagio Initiative:1. A series of Commissioned Papers that explored key challenges and opportunities for international development and philanthropy organisations;2. Global Dialogue meetings attended by a wide spectrum of participants at a range of locations worldwide;3. A two-week Summit held at the Rockefeller Foundation conference centre in Bellagio, Italy, in November 2011.This report reviews and analyses the key messages from all three of these components before providing a synthesis of the main observations and recommendations in its conclusion.

Human Wellbeing in the 21st Century: Meeting Challenges, Seizing Opportunities

September 1, 2012

A report from the Bellagio Initiative: In 2011, over a period of six months, a number of leading figures came together in an ambitious exploration of the major challenges to and opportunities for protecting and promoting human wellbeing in the twenty-first century. A diverse group of policymakers, academics, opinion leaders, social entrepreneurs, activists, donors and practitioners from over 30 countries took part in a series of deliberations collectively called the 'Bellagio Initiative'. Its aim: to generate discussions and stimulate innovative thinking on how philanthropies and international development organisations might find ways to move forward together to better protect and promote human wellbeing in the twenty-first century.

Urbanisation as a Threat or Opportunity in the Promotion of Human Wellbeing

September 1, 2012

It is possible to present a credible picture of urbanisation as one of the greatest threats to human health, wellbeing and development, although this paper will argue that to do so requires focusing on a limited set of cities. There is a stronger evidence base on cities and urbanisation underpinning good health, fulfilment of civil rights, democracy and freedom from deprivation, although with important exceptions. It is possible to present urbanisation as the most serious driver of human-induced climate change (and of most other kinds of ecological damage). But cities also have the potential to be places where high living standards can be delinked from unsustainable ecological footprints and high greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (and there are some cities that demonstrate this). Of course, a very different set of urban centres get highlighted, depending on which of these points one wants to substantiate. What this paper seeks to do is to highlight both the threats and the opportunities posed by urbanisation.

The Changing Ecosystem of Philanthropies in International Development

July 1, 2012

A study indicating that the changes in the ecosystem of philanthropies in international development are the result of adaptation to global pressures that independently influence international development practices and philanthropic practice, combined with local practices. These global pressures come from a number of sources: increasing economic inequality that comes with increasing economic growth; a shift to more holistic ideas of development; a decrease in government and bilateral aid from traditional donor countries; and the emergence of aid funding and transfer of development practices from the BRICS countries.

Islamic Philanthropy, Development and Wellbeing

July 1, 2012

This paper seeks to contribute to the debates on Islamic philanthropy and development, both conceptually and through case studies, especially from Egypt. Conceptually, it argues that the three-dimensional concept of wellbeing offers some analytical inroads into understanding the relational dimensions of the role of Islamic philanthropy in Muslim-majority contexts, and how it is embedded in subjective meanings of the self and fulfilment of divine precepts.

Private Foundations, Business and Developing a Post - 2015 Framework

June 26, 2012

Global debates about what might replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) after their 2015 deadline are currently underway. Philanthropic foundations and businesses need to be integrated into these discussions alongside civil society, national governments and multilateral organisations. This could be achieved by encouraging cooperation on individual MDGs; transferring project ownership and management to private actors where it is deserved; improving knowledge transfer and decreasing project duplication; and creating a common set of performance metrics.