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From Crisis to Catastrophe: South Sudan's man-made crisis - and how the world must act now to prevent catastrophe in 2015

October 1, 2014

More than two million people are facing severe food insecurity in South Sudan. Famine has been narrowly avoided in 2014. As the dry season begins, the brutal conflict that provoked this disaster is about to get worse. Without an end to the fighting - and unless more aid can be delivered to those who need it - famine remains a serious threat in 2015. By committing to more vigorous diplomacy and swift action, the world has the chance to prevent that.This joint briefing note published by Oxfam and 35 other agencies sets out the steps humanitarian agencies, parties to the conflict, the Government of South Sudan, the UN Security Council, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and the international community must take to prevent a worse situation in 2015.

Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons: Challenges in eastern Chad

December 31, 2012

Between 2005 and 2007, a combination of regional conflict and national crisis led to the internal displacement of about 180,000 people in eastern Chad. However, the situation has since changed. By March 2012, when this report was produced, incursions by the Janjaweed militia and conflict between government forces and Chadian rebels had largely ended. The Chadian government is now seeking to put an end to the distinction between displaced persons and host communities. Internally displaced persons currently have the choice between three solutions: local integration, relocation or voluntary return to their home village. The goal of this joint report is to reflect on the decisive actions that could provide durable solutions for displacement, taking into account the rights and needs of affected communities. Even if the causes of the initial displacement have now been contained, creating the right set of circumstances for long-term sustainable development still remains a challenge. The Chadian government has publicly recognized that it is responsible for setting up an appropriate framework for durable solutions, ensuring security, rule of law, respect for human rights and access to basic services; however, very little has yet been done by the government to make this a reality.