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The Economic Impacts of Climate Change in Florida's Rural Agricultural Areas: The Case of Hurricane Ian

September 11, 2023

Hurricane Ian exposed the vulnerability of rural communities, highlighting the need for adaptive climate resilience strategies that include Florida's rural counties.

Advancing Groundwater Sustainability in Texas: A Guide to Existing Authorities and Management Tools for Groundwater Conservation Districts and Communities

November 16, 2021

Groundwater provides about 60% of our yearly water supply in Texas — it is a vital, yet limited, resource that supports Texas communities, economies, and natural systems. Despite its importance, across most of Texas, groundwater is being managed in a way that allows for its eventual depletion, putting communities, rivers and streams and the ecosystems that depend on groundwater at risk. A recent report from the Meadows Center for Water and the Environment concluded groundwater conservation districts, Texas' preferred method of managing groundwater, have an opportunity to change course and to manage groundwater sustainably.Fortunately, the Texas Legislature wisely imparted management obligations on GCDs that are imperative for long-term water security and livability of Texas' communities. And the Legislature has equipped GCDs with a full toolbox of planning, rulemaking, and permitting authorities to carry out their management obligations. GCDs have flexibility within their existing authorities to integrate sustainability principles into management goals, desired future conditions, management plans, and rules. Although GCDs face challenges managing a common pool resource that is privately owned and many suffer from a lack of funding and state investment in local data and modeling, GCDs can still move toward sustainable management by actively engaging the public and implementing new approaches through smaller, targeted programs, enabling GCDs to fully utilize the tools already available to them.

El Plomo En Agua Potable: Lo Que Debe Saber Si Usted Es Propietario De Una Casa

August 31, 2016

A spanish language guide on what to know about lead in drinking water and the replacement of lead service lines if you are a home owner.

El Plomo en Agua Potable: Lo Que DebeSaber Si Usted Es Un Inquilino Propietario De Un Condominio

August 31, 2016

A spanish language guide on what to know about lead in drinking water and the replacement of lead service lines if you are a renter or condo owner.

Preparing for a Sea Change in Florida: A Strategy to Cope with the Impact of Global Warming on the State's Coastal and Marine Systems

July 1, 2014

With more coastline, diversity of marine habitats and off shore area than any state in the continental U.S., Florida is the epitome of an ocean state. Yet Florida's coastal and ocean heritage stands to be severely harmed by global warming. Indeed, scientific evidence shows that damage to our coastal and marine systems is inevitable. The Florida Coastal and Ocean Coalition, formed in 2006, is committed to addressing this threat and, with the release of this report, calls upon our leaders to take the necessary steps to address the expected impacts of global warming on the state's unique coastal and marine resources.The good news is that Florida is in a powerful position to emerge as a bold leader in the environmental effort to preserve natural resources in the face of global warming, both by taking action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and by implementing sound coastal and ocean policies. The Governor, through his Action Team on Energy and Climate Change, and the Legislature have set the stage for Florida to lead with vision on the critical issue of coping with global warming. Responsible actions undertaken now can ensure the continued vitality of Florida's environment and economy and can serve as an important model around the nation and the world.

California Carbon Market Watch: A Comprehensive Analysis of the Golden State's Cap-and-Trade Program, Year One - 2012-2013

January 8, 2014

January 1, 2014 marked one year since the start of California's landmark cap-and-trade program, a market-based system to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution. The program will be the second-largest carbon market in the world, after the European Union's, and will cover 85% of all carbon pollution in the state by 2015. It is the most discussed program in a suite of strategies being deployed to achieve the goal of California's Global Warming Solutions Act -- also known as Assembly Bill 32 (AB 32) -- a 2006 law requiring the state to reduce GHG emissions to 1990 levels by 2020. California is the eighth-largest economy in the world and the first state in the nation to employ an economy-wide cap-and-trade program. While no state or country can stop climate change alone, California's environmental policies have a history of success and replication. The importance of California's program is thus magnified by the example it sets, and the world is watching to see whether the state's carbon market will succeed.One year into the program, the outlook is positive. California's cap-and-trade system weathered legal challenges and demonstrated a successful launch and viability during its initial year. In the first five auctions, all of the offered emission allowances usable for compliance in 2013 were sold. Similarly, the secondary market for carbon allowances has shown stability, and carbon prices close to the floor indicate the long-term possibility of low marginal abatement costs for regulated entities. Contrary to some predictions of harsh economic damage, capping carbon pollution in California has occurred amidst sustained and promising economic recovery and growth, including a stronger housing market and lower unemployment rate.This report provides an overview and analysis of California's carbon market after one year in operation. Included are a background on the cap-and-trade program, an account of the carbon market's progress to date, and an analysis of what the market's performance means for California's environmental and economic goals. This analysis includes in-depth summaries and trends observed from the quarterly auctions and secondary market activity, along with evaluations of market performance by industry experts and academics. Updates regarding litigation, proposed regulatory amendments, and international agreements are also discussed.

Towards investment in sustainable fisheries: A framework for financing the transition

January 1, 2014

This document provides a framework for scaling up investment in the transition to sustainable fisheries. We hope that it will stimulate the rapid growth of projects that address this challenge and that are urgently required to meet the needs of the 3 billion people who rely on fish for their primary source of animal protein and the 300 million people who are involved in the sector. We also hope it will begin to reveal the considerable benefits that can be gained through this transition and catalyse a conversation about the solutions that will move us forward.

Catch Shares in Action: Alaska Halibut and Sablefish Fixed Gear Individual Fishing Quota Program

January 1, 2013

The Alaska Halibut and Sablefish Fixed Gear Individual Fishing Quota Program (IFQ Program) was one of the first to include a variety of design elements to meet key social goals while also contributing to decreasing overcapitalization and increasing the value of the fishery. Some of the key design elements include low concentration limits, restrictions on trading, strict shareholder eligibility requirements and more. The program also allocates a percentage of the shares to the Community Development Quota (CDQ) program, which includes 65 eligible communities organized into six groups and was designed to ensure fishing access, support economic development, alleviate poverty, and provide economic and social benefits to residents of western Alaska communities (North Pacific Fishery Management Council, n.d, A).

Catch Shares in Action: Argentine Individual Transferable Quota Program

January 1, 2013

The Argentine Individual Transferable Quota Program manages four of the country's most commercially important species by allocating quota to individual vessels under a single catch share program. Program goals focus on long-term stock conservation, the maximization of domestic employment and the promotion of social stability. As distinct fleets target each species, managers have incorporated special design features within the program to meet each fishery's needs. Quota set-asides give managers the flexibility to address fishery-specific social and biological goals, while the multi-criteria allocation process incentivizes investment in the domestic economy and compliance with fishing regulations.

Catch Shares in Action: British Columbia Integrated Groundfish Program

January 1, 2013

The British Columbia Integrated Groundfish Program (Integrated Program) is one of the most comprehensive catch share programs in the world. The multi-species program includes over 70 species, 30 of which are managed via quota, and includes all commercial fishermen targeting groundfish, regardless of gear type. The program includes a number of innovative design features such as quota set-asides, which are meant to encourage community development and incentivize positive treatment of crew. Additionally, the program requires 100% individual accountability of all catch and uses an innovative monitoring and catch accounting system to support accountability.

Catch Shares in Action: Chilean National Benthic Resources Territorial Use Rights for Fishing Program

January 1, 2013

Among the largest area-based catch share programs in the world, the Chilean National Benthic Resources Territorial Use Rights for Fishing Program (TURF Program) includes over 17,000 artisanal fishermen comanaging over 550 distinct areas along the coast. The voluntary system primarily manages loco, Chile's most valuable mollusc, and provides secure access to benthic resources to groups of artisanal fishermen. Management is built on science performed by universities and consultants, resulting in co-management by the government, industry and the private sector.

Catch Shares in Action: Danish Pelagic and Demersal Individual Transferable Quota Programs

January 1, 2013

The Danish Pelagic and Demersal Individual Transferable Quota Programs (ITQ Programs) include a number of thoughtful design decisions in order to meet the programs' goals, including promoting economic growth in the fisheries sector by balancing the capacity of the fishing fleet with the available resource, and addressing social concerns. Important features of the catch share program include quota set-asides for small vessels and new entrants; Fishpools, which promote cooperation and coordination among participants; and programs to reduce discards. Denmark's catch share programs demonstrate how innovative design features can be used to promote social goals within a system introduced for economic and biological reasons.