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Private funding for international humanitarian assistance

April 4, 2022

The impact of Covid-19 means humanitarian funding is being spread more thinly than ever. With the gap between needs and finance continuing to grow, funding from public donors (referring to funding from governments and EU institutions) is not keeping up with requirements.[1] In 2020, total international humanitarian assistance failed to grow for the second year running and in light of the ongoing impacts of the pandemic, calls to diversify and widen the resource base of the humanitarian system, including increasing private donor funding, are more relevant than ever.[2]Private actors play many different roles in humanitarian response, including as service providers, investors and funders. This briefing focuses on the role of private actors as donors of international humanitarian assistance (rather than of domestic assistance). Private individuals, trusts, foundations, companies and corporations have long been important contributors of international humanitarian financing and have consistently provided more than a fifth of total humanitarian funding every year – more than the humanitarian budgets of the second- and third-largest public donors (Germany and the UK) combined.Despite the large contributions from private donors, there is a stark lack of data available on who provides it and where it goes, with no systematic reporting of private contributions from either donors or recipients. In an effort to fill this data gap, DI compiles an annual dataset through a survey to recipient organisations to calculate the annual volume of private humanitarian funding, broken down by donor type. We publish this data each year as part of the Global Humanitarian Assistance (GHA) report. While this provides a top-line estimate of the quantity of humanitarian assistance from private donors, it does not provide information on the characteristics of that funding.

Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2021

June 22, 2021

The Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2021 provides detailed analysis of the crisis financing landscape. Development Initiatives found that humanitarian funding failed to grow despite the Covid-19 pandemic.

Tracing Swedish Development Flows: A study of the traceability of Swedish aid to Tanzania

July 26, 2018

This report uses 2013–2015 International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) data to trace Swedish aid to Tanzania to its end use. It finds that general budget support (GBS) accounted for much of Swedish aid in 2013 and 2015, but could not determine final expenditures using IATI data. In the absence of GBS, the authors could only confirm that in 2014, 28 percent of Swedish aid arrived in Tanzania, via the government and Tanzania-based organizations. A key constraint to traceability is that Sweden does not require aid implementers to report to IATI. The report recommends that Sweden encourage such reporting.

Money Talks: A synthesis report assessing humanitarian funding flows to local actors in Bangladesh and Uganda

March 21, 2018

International humanitarian agencies and donors have made a series of global commitments to local actors as part of the localization agenda, including to increase their access to greater direct funding by 2020. This briefing paper reviews 2015 national financial data for Bangladesh and Uganda to better understand how to target international investments in localization. It presents key findings from Oxfam-commissioned research on which factors affect local actors' ability to access international humanitarian funding. It concludes that in order for global commitments to translate into practice, investments should look at changing the terms of the funding relationship, as well as be based on a context-specific, national analysis of the financial environment.

Follow the Money: Using International Aid Transparency Initiative data to trace development aid flows to their end use

February 14, 2018

This note gives guidance on using International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) data to trace aid flows from donor treasuries to their final end use. Traceability in IATI works by following the money as it flows from organization to organization through the development implementation chain. Provided that all organizations publish their information, it is possible to assess how much of the total funding at the beginning of the implementation chain is spent on goods and services, and where the money is spent. See also Tracing US Development Flows.

Tracing US Development Flows: A study of the traceability of US aid to Ghana

January 4, 2018

More than 600 development organizations publish to the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) Standard. IATI provides up-to-date and reliable aid data to improve accountability, coordination and effectiveness. Aid flow traceability throughout the implementation chain is a key part of this.This research report shows that, using 2013-2015 IATI data, it is only possible to verify that 7% of US aid to Ghana ($28m) arrived in the country. It concludes that this traceability gap stems from limited IATI reporting by the international NGOs and firms that implemented most aid activities. To enhance traceability, the US government should require its implementers to publish to IATI.

Global Nutrition Report 2017: Nourishing the SDGs

October 1, 2017

A better nourished world is a better world. Yet the 2017 Global Nutrition Report shows that, despite the significant steps the world has taken towards improving nutrition and associated health burdens over recent decades, nutrition is still a large-scale and universal problem. Too many people are being left behind from the benefits of improved nutrition. Yet when we look at the wider context, the opportunity for change has never been greater. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), adopted by 193 countries in 2015, offer a tremendous window of opportunity to reverse or stop these trends.The 2017 Global Nutrition Report shows there are five core areas of development that run through the SDGs which nutrition can contribute to, and in turn, benefit from:sustainable food productioninfrastructurehealth systemsequity and inclusionpeace and stability.Through these areas, the report finds that improving nutrition can have a powerful multiplier effect across the SDGs. Indeed, it indicates that it will be a challenge to achieve any SDG without addressing nutrition. The report shows that there is an exciting opportunity to achieving global nutrition targets while catalysing other development goals through 'double duty' actions, which tackle more than one form of malnutrition at once. Likewise, potential 'triple duty actions', which tackle malnutrition and other development challenges, could yield multiple benefits across the SDGs.If readers take away one message from this report, it should be that ending malnutrition in all its forms will catalyse improved outcomes across the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The challenge is huge, but it is dwarfed by the opportunity.The 2016 Report was funded through the support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition & Health, the Children's Investment Fund Foundation, the European Commission, the Governments of Canada, Germany, and the Netherlands, Irish Aid, UK Department for International Development (DFID), US Agency for International Development (USAID), and 1,000 Days.The Report is delivered by an Independent Expert Group and guided at a strategic level by a Stakeholder Group, whose members also reviewed the Report. The International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) oversees the production and dissemination of the Report, with the support of a virtual Secretariat. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition managed the blind external review process for the Report, which was launched on June 14, 2016. Check our events page throughout the year for news on follow-up events.

Investments to End Poverty

September 1, 2013

If we agree on a set of global sustainable development goals as the centrepiece for a post-2015 agenda, we will surely also need to agree on how to finance them. How do we get better data to tell whether we are on track to achieve a broad range of material and non-material poverty indicators? How do we give member states the tools they need to define, own and implement the post-2015 agenda to really address the structural issues keeping their citizens in poverty and limiting sustainable development? How do we ensure they have the global knowledge and financial support that they need to address poverty on the ground? These are key questions to consider as the UN, its member states, civil society and theprivate sector build on the High Level-Panel report, A New Global Partnership, and on the Secretary-General's report, A Life of Dignity for All. In the following pages and online, Investments to End Poverty starts to provide some of the data and analysis that can inform discussions and help everyone make evidence-based choices. The report looks beyond rhetoric on whether aid works, and the right balance between promoting growth and direct assistance to the poor, and provides detailed information based on available facts and figures. In doing this, it also reveals areas where we need to know more -- echoing the High-Level Panel call for a Data Revolution.