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Drought, Displacement and Livelihoods in Somalia/Somaliland: Time for gender-sensitive and protection-focused approaches

June 22, 2018

Thousands of Somali families were displaced to urban centres by the 2017 drought. Research by a group of NGOs indicates that they do not intend to return home anytime soon. It also shows how precarious and limited are the livelihood opportunities for displaced people in Somalia; how far people's options are affected by gender; and how changing gender dynamics present further protection threats to both men and women. Comparing the findings for Somaliland with those for the rest of the country, the research underscores the importance of local dynamics for people's opportunities and protection. Gaps were highlighted in the provision of basic services for women particularly.Local, state and federal authorities, donors, and humanitarian and development actors need to improve displaced people's immediate access to safe, gender-sensitive basic services - and to develop plans for more durable solutions to displacement. As floods in April to June 2018 have forced more people to leave their homes, an immediate step up in the response is essential.

Consolidated Gender Analysis for the Ethiopian Drought Response

September 15, 2016

This report is the first to be published by the project 'Institutionalising Gender in Emergencies', which is funded by the European Community Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO) and implemented by Oxfam in Dominican Republic, Pakistan, Ethiopia and South Sudan. It is a gender analysis developed in collaboration with CARE Ethiopia and combines a desk review with primary field research in Ethiopia, focusing on the gendered effects of the drought brought by El Niño in 2015. These findings offer a starting point from which to improve gender-responsive approach to humanitarian action.The report makes recommendations relating to a range of emergency areas. The findings are to be used to influence change throughout the humanitarian sphere. The aim is for them to influence how programmes are planned, monitored and evaluated, and to ensure they incorporate gender as a central component and account for the varied impacts of the drought, and how the programme will address the different needs of men, women, girls and boys.

Prioritising Community Engagement to Strengthen Health Systems in Ebola Recovery

July 8, 2015

Enormous progress has been made in the fight against Ebola, but there are still new cases occurring in Sierra Leone and Guinea, and sadly also again in Liberia. Evidence from earlier outbreaks shows that when the region is declared Ebola-free, there is a 30 percent probability that the disease will re-emerge within one year, and a 50 percent probability within two years. It is vital that the lessons are learned from earlier outbreaks and from the most recent response.Community engagement is now widely recognized as a critical component of responding to Ebola. It is medically essential, not just a 'nice to have'. But at the outset of the response there was a disproportionate focus from governments, the UN and donors on providing medical facilities, equipment, medicines and health workers, and too little focus on prevention: social mobilization and empowering communities.This paper outlines priorities for successful and sustainable community-based health systems. It provides specific recommendations for the Ebola Recovery Pledging Conference in July 2015.

New Technologies in Cash Transfer Programming and Humanitarian Assistance

June 29, 2015

This study was commissioned by the Cash Learning Partnership (CaLP) to review the current use of new technology in humanitarian cash and voucher programming and the broader implications for humanitarian practice. The research was undertaken to explore (i) preconditions for the use of technological mechanisms identified; (ii) user-friendliness of the technology for the recipient and for the agency; (iii) issues concerning accountability; and (iv) potential for wider impacts.The research discusses in detail three types of technology currently being used in aid programming: electronic payment systems, the use of mobile phones for text and voice communication, and digital data gathering tools. For each, the study outlines current use, examines benefits experienced and issues faced by the recipient and the agency and highlights key lessons learned. The study also looks briefly at new emerging uses of technology in aid programming including recipient management and crisis mapping. The report then looks at the potential benefits and risks of using new technologies in the cross-cutting areas of cost-effectiveness and accountability.

Knowledge Sharing in Action: The Case of Concern Worldwide's Knowledge Matters

June 30, 2014

This Praxis Note describes how Concern Worldwide has been able to provide the means, motivation, and opportunity for staff to document and share their experience based knowledge for organisational learning purposes. This is an area that various organisations struggle with. It is hoped that the issues discussed in this note could prove useful to others who seek to crack the 'knowledge sharing genie'.

Global Hunger Index 2012

October 1, 2012

The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is a tool designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger globally and by region and country. Calculated each year by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the GHI highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger. By raising awareness and understanding of regional and country differences in hunger, the GHI will, it is hoped, trigger actions to reduce hunger.The 2012 GHI report focuses particularly on the issue of how to ensure sustainable food security under conditions of water, land, and energy stress. Demographic changes, rising incomes and associated consumption patterns, and climate change, alongside persistent poverty and inadequate policies and institutions, are all placing serious pressure on natural resources. In this report, IFPRI describes the evidence on land, water, and energy scarcity in developing countries and offers two visions of a future global food system -- an unsustainable scenario in which current trends in resource use continue, and a sustainable scenario in which access to food, modern energy, and clean water improves significantly and ecosystem degradation is halted or reversed. Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe provide on-theground perspectives on the issues of land tenure and title as well as the impacts of scarce land, water, and energy on poor people in Sierra Leone and Tanzania and describe the work of their organizations in helping to alleviate these impacts.

Evaluation of the Advancing Primary Education Programme in Lower Zambezia Province, Mozambique

March 1, 2012

Report on the Relevance, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Sustainability and Impact of Advancing Primary Education the programme.

What Works for Women: Proven Approaches for Empowering Women Smallholders and Achieving Food Security

March 1, 2012

This document presents proven approaches for empowering women smallholders and achieving food security. Over the last few years an unparalleled attention has been given to the issue of food security and the importance of smallholder agriculture, with particular recognition of the role of women farmers. In this context, nine international development agencies have produced this briefing to share the lessons learned based on their experience of promoting gender equality and working with women smallholders and rural women over many decades. This paper concludes with a number of recommendations for policy makers on measures to help close the gender gap in agriculture

Listen First Framework

August 1, 2008

This best practice provides a framework of four principles to develop practical ways for NGOs to manage their accountability to the people they aim to serve: 1) providing information publicly; 2) involving people in making decisions; 3) listening to feedback and complaints; and 4) evaluating staff attitudes and behaviors. This framework is used to structure three central processes: 1) workshops for staff to discuss and assess current levels of accountability and to identify improvements for their specific context; 2) research into local communities' views of how accountable staff are in practice and how useful they find the NGO's work; and 3) summary reports for managers to understand the level of accountability achieved in different projects.