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Accelerating Localisation Through Partnerships

February 1, 2019

his research was commissioned by the Accelerating Localisation through Partnerships programme – a multiagency consortium programme funded by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) over two years (2017-2019) – to establish what operational elements of partnerships between local, national and international NGOs are most likely to foster localisation of humanitarian action.The research was underpinned by a mixed methods approach using qualitative and quantitative data collection approaches. In-depth consultations were conducted in three locations in four countries: Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria and South Sudan. Sampling was such that a wide diversity of local and national NGOs were invited to participate in the in-depth discussions to ensure different areas of thematic, geographic and other focuses were represented. In total, more than 350 NGOs were consulted for this research; 85% of which were local or national NGOs.

Tax Incentives in the Global South

May 10, 2018

This joint briefing from Oxfam, Christian Aid, ActionAid and the CBI reflects a growing convergence between businesses and tax advocacy groups on the use of tax incentives in the Global South.  It argues that tax incentives can be a useful tool in promoting decent jobs and growth.  But it also contends that too often tax incentives are used in inefficient and ineffective ways, and in the worst cases are entirely redundant. We hope that its message will be heard by policy makers around the world, and that it will contribute to better policy making that encourages responsible investment. Promoting domestic resource mobilization should mean that governments have more money to invest in essential public services to tackle poverty.

Out of the Frying Pan into the Fire Part Two – Building Resilience to Climate Change and Violent Conflict

November 1, 2017

Here in part two, we begin our examination of community resilience. It builds on the findings in part one by taking a closer look at the context of climate change and violence in three countries where Christian Aid works: Angola, Honduras and Mali. Each case study sets out the particular context in terms of conflict, violence and climate change, explores the links between climate vulnerability and violent conflict, and discusses approaches to supporting climate and conflict resilience in that country, based on the experiences of Christian Aid staff. In Angola, the protection of land rights is essential in building resilience and climate change adaptation among communities. In Mali, tackling security challenges and programming with an awareness of the presence of unusual actors are key to moving forward in a region vulnerableto both extreme weather and conflict. In Honduras, building environmental resilience using conflict sensitivity principles offers great promise in addressing the challenges. Both climate change and violence are extremely context specific,and therefore, this paper does not attempt an across-the-board analysis according to a set of quantitative indicators. However, it does attempt to identify parallels and differences between the three case studies, in order to make some recommendations for policy development and wider application. Most importantly, part two takes the view that building resilience in communities is just one important part in the menu of options – it does not stand alone in responding to the challenges of climate change and conflict. When taken alongside community-level tools for understanding the root causes of violence, such as participatory vulnerability and capacity assessments (PVCAs), and when complemented by national and global advocacy on the responsibilities and obligations of duty-bearers and market actors, it becomes the building block in Christian Aid's overall approach to climate justice.

Out of the Frying Pan , into the Fire Part One – Understanding the Links Between Climate Change and Violent Conflict

October 13, 2017

This paper sets out to provide an analysis of what is currently known about the links between climate change and violent conflict, and the policy debates currently taking place on this issue. The purpose is to guide Christian Aid's own practice, and to inform our recommendations to international institutions and donors.

Development Finance Institutions and Responsible Corporate Tax Behaviour: Where We Are, and the Road Ahead

November 9, 2016

Many Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) are not doing enough to eliminate the risk of public money being complicit in tax avoidance schemes. This is the finding of an analysis of publicly available policies of nine DFIs related to corporate tax payments, which suggests that DFIs are doing too little to encourage responsible corporate tax behaviour. Some DFIs have taken important steps forward, which this paper documents; however, many DFIs are falling behind. Even less is being done to ensure that their clients meet the highest standards for responsible corporate tax behavior and full transparency.This briefing includes recommendations for how DFIs can take a much-needed and overdue proactive role in ensuring tax payments and domestic resource mobilization in developing countries follow from their investment decisions.

Missed Out: The role of local actors in the humanitarian response in the South Sudan conflict

April 21, 2016

Since the latest conflict erupted in South Sudan in December 2013, more than 2.3 million people have been forced to flee their homes and 3.9 million (approximately one third of the population) do not have enough to eat. All humanitarian actors struggle to respond to these acute needs against a context of chronic poverty, ongoing conflict and insecurity, limited infrastructure and a significant funding shortfall. This study seeks to understand the strengths and challenges of working with national and local nongovernmental organisations in South Sudan's conflict-driven emergency, and reviews how the broader humanitarian system facilitates or prevents their involvement.This paper is the latest in a series of research papers on the subject of humanitarian partnerships. Missed Opportunities: The case for strengthening national and local partnership-based humanitarian responses established the value of local and national organisations in responding to humanitarian emergencies, and Missed Again: Making space for partnership in the Typhoon Haiyan response looked at partnerships within the context of a disaster caused by a natural hazard. 

A Safe Haven? Britain's role in protecting people on the move

April 13, 2016

Across Europe, people who have fled human rights violations, conflict, violence and hardship are living in inhumane conditions, and thousands have drowned trying to reach the continent. While the UK government has been a leader in providing assistance to countries hosting large numbers of refugees, it has fallen short of its moral responsibility to provide safe routes to protection for people seeking refuge in the UK, and has failed to advocate for an approach that protects the rights of all people on the move. This briefing, published by Oxfam GB in partnership with 12 other agencies, provides an overview of what the UK should do to deliver on its responsibility to respond to global displacement.

Getting to Good: Towards responsible corporate tax behaviour

November 16, 2015

Tax is an issue of good corporate governance and responsible business practice.This discussion paper, written jointly with ActionAid and Christian Aid, proposes what 'good' looks like in responsible corporate tax behaviour, and contains a wide range of positive behaviours and actions companies can undertake to go beyond legal compliance and result in significant gains for developing countries. Companies, too, will benefit because responsible tax behaviour helps mitigate risk and is in companies' own long-term interest. The best companies - and their investors - recognise that their success is inseparable from the success of the society in which they operate.This paper will be of great interest to companies and investors seeking to place tax management squarely at the heart of responsible and truly sustainable business.

Missed Again: Making space for partnership in the typhoon Haiyan response

December 8, 2014

This study is the second output of a research project commissioned by five UK-based international humanitarian non-government organisations (INGOs) - ActionAid, CAFOD, Christian Aid, Oxfam GB and Tearfund. The report builds on findings from the 2013 report and provides evidence to demonstrate the extent to which partnership working took place in response to typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, and its effectiveness. The report details identified challenges and recommends actions to strengthen national and international humanitarian system partnerships, both in the Philippines, and more broadly during future humanitarian responses.The project is part of an ongoing effort to build the future of humanitarian assistance.The research process involved: in-country research; focus group discussions and key interviews with UN agencies, INGOs, NGOs, government representatives, donor agencies and community members; and a review of relevant documentation.This report follows the original publication ‘Missed opportunities: The case for strengthening national and local partnership-based humanitarian responses'.

From Crisis to Catastrophe: South Sudan's man-made crisis - and how the world must act now to prevent catastrophe in 2015

October 1, 2014

More than two million people are facing severe food insecurity in South Sudan. Famine has been narrowly avoided in 2014. As the dry season begins, the brutal conflict that provoked this disaster is about to get worse. Without an end to the fighting - and unless more aid can be delivered to those who need it - famine remains a serious threat in 2015. By committing to more vigorous diplomacy and swift action, the world has the chance to prevent that.This joint briefing note published by Oxfam and 35 other agencies sets out the steps humanitarian agencies, parties to the conflict, the Government of South Sudan, the UN Security Council, the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) and the international community must take to prevent a worse situation in 2015.

Missed Opportunities: The case for strengthening national and local partnership-based humanitarian responses

October 3, 2013

This study is the first output of a research project commissioned by five UK-based international humanitarian non-governmental organisations (INGOs) - ActionAid, CAFOD, Christian Aid, Oxfam GB and Tearfund. The main purpose of the project was to look at the current and future potential of partnerships with national non-governmental organisations (NNGOs) in humanitarian response, based on lessons from across the commissioning agencies in four major emergency settings.The project is part of an ongoing effort to build the future of humanitarian assistance, which has already seen publications in 2011 from Christian Aid and Oxfam GB. The research process involved interviews with INGO and NNGO staff, workshops and meetings with INGO representatives, and a review of relevant documentation.A second output of this research has also been published 'Missed Again: Making space for partnership in the typhoon Haiyan response'.

What Works for Women: Proven Approaches for Empowering Women Smallholders and Achieving Food Security

March 1, 2012

This document presents proven approaches for empowering women smallholders and achieving food security. Over the last few years an unparalleled attention has been given to the issue of food security and the importance of smallholder agriculture, with particular recognition of the role of women farmers. In this context, nine international development agencies have produced this briefing to share the lessons learned based on their experience of promoting gender equality and working with women smallholders and rural women over many decades. This paper concludes with a number of recommendations for policy makers on measures to help close the gender gap in agriculture