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Creación de fundaciones comunitarias: identificación de las capacidades clave del contexto español

September 1, 2022

El concepto de Fundación Comunitaria es un fenómeno mundial en expansión. Las Fundaciones Comunitarias (FC) son diversas por naturaleza, ya que se adaptan a las características de la comunidad de la que forman parte y evolucionan con el tiempo. Por ello, no existe una única definición ni un único conjunto de atributos que puedan aplicarse y traducirse en cualquier situación para definir qué es una FC, cómo debe funcionar y cuáles deben ser sus capacidades. A medida que los programas que apoyan el desarrollo de las Fundaciones Comunitarias se extienden por todo el mundo, más profesionales están dedicando tiempo a adaptar el concepto de FC a sus realidades y a desarrollar programas para apoyar la creación y el crecimiento de las Fundaciones Comunitarias.Una revisión de la literatura existente y conversaciones con expertos llevan a la autora a identificar seis capacidades clave que las Fundaciones Comunitarias deberían tener o aspirar a tener. Las capacidades son las siguientes:ejercer el liderazgo comunitario para producir el cambio social;escuchar a la comunidad y hacerla participar para comprender e identificar los activos, las oportunidades, las necesidades y las soluciones;aumentar la filantropía local;fortalecer las organizaciones locales;movilizar la respuesta filantrópica a las catástrofes, siempre y cuando sea necesario; yadaptar el trabajo de la FC al contexto territorial específico y a la realidad en la que opera la FC.Gallego ofrece herramientas y actividades para ayudar a ejercitar cada capacidad.

Community foundation building: Identifying key capacities for the Spanish context

September 1, 2022

The community foundation concept is a growing global phenomenon. Community foundations (CFs) are diverse by nature, as they adapt to the characteristics of the community, they are a part of and evolve with time. For this reason, there is not a single definition nor a single set of attributes that can apply and translate everywhere to define what a CF is, how it should operate, and what its capacities should be. As programmes supporting the development of community foundations spread around the world, more practitioners are dedicating time to adapt the CF concept to their realities and to develop programmes to support the setting up and growth of community foundations.A review of existing literature and conversations with experts leads the author to identify six key capacities that community foundations should have or should aspire to have. The capacities are:exercising community leadership to produce social change;listening to the community and engaging it to understand and identify assets, opportunities, needs and solutions;increasing local philanthropy;strengthening local organisations;mobilizing philanthropy disaster response, if and when necessary; andadapting the work of the CF to the specific territorial context and reality in which CF operates.Gallego offers tools and activities to help exercise each capacity.

Sustaining Civil Society: Lessons from Five Pooled Funds in Eastern Europe

October 21, 2019

After 1990, US and European foundations and government agencies invested in a series of Partnerships and Trusts to support civil society in Central and Eastern Europe, the Baltics, the Balkans and the Black Sea regions. Analyzing the long-term impact of these investments is crucial, especially as many politicians across these regions increase their anti-civil society rhetoric. Three long-time US foundation staff look back at the legacy and impact of this funding and derive a series of lessons for practitioners seeking to understand how best to sustain civil societies for the long term.

The Refugee Challenge: Why Community Foundations are in a Unique Position to Support Refugees and Their Communities

January 1, 2017

Wars, conflict and persecution are forcing more people than ever to seek refuge outside their home countries. This paper argues that community foundations are in a unique position to enable refugees to take part in their new community. Drawing on empirical research and case studies from Germany, it shows ten typical activities they employ, including supporting volunteer initiatives or establishing field-of-interest funds to make small grants. The paper explores how community foundations use their roles as community leader, grantmaker and vehicle of philanthropy to empower others and leverage resources from donors, volunteers, non-profit organizations, corporations and authorities. Community foundations can contribute decisively to building inclusive societies and transforming strangers into neighbors - by creating meeting and learning opportunities for newcomers and locals, facilitating personal relationships, integrating refugees in social and cultural life, but also identifying their assets and seeing what talents the newcomers can bring to the community.

The New Wave: Creating a place for millennials in   the work of community foundations

January 1, 2015

Over the past 20 years, community foundations across North America and internationally have invested heavily in developing and implementing "Youth in Philanthropy" programmes and related youth engagement initiatives. Up to this point in time, the majority engaged have been members of the Millennial generation: those born between 1982 and 2003. The New Wave examines how, in an era of great generational shifts, reconnecting with program alumni and engaging the Millennial generation more broadly, is beneficial from the perspectives of community strengthening, donor engagement, and grantmaking. This position paper documents the history of youth programming at community foundations, with a focus on North American trends. Global initiatives are also discussed. A wide range of existing research on the characteristics of the generation is compiled and highlighted, including: civic-mindedness; the impact of globalization; diversity; intercultural competency; intergenerational transfer of wealth; struggle for financial independence; digital interconnectedness; institutional trust levels; and giving motivations and behaviors. This evolving character profile is applied to the current work of community foundations to build recommendations for creating inclusive, authentic, and relevant platforms for re/engagement with the group. Recommendations outline the role foundations can play as vehicles for Millennial-specific engagement in a community-strengthening and donor capacity, including: the development of alumni and intergenerational donor engagement strategies; investigating community partnerships for social enterprise; investing in asset-based giving platforms; and adapting technology to encourage democratized philanthropy.

Community philanthropy: the missing link between local communities and international development

January 1, 2014

This paper is based on the premise that local populations? engagement in development processes is a key factor to increase chances of sustainable economic and social development. In this context, we present collaboration with community philanthropy organizations as a viable strategy for international development organizations to engage civil society in the advancement and sustainability of development goals. This is done by presenting an overview of the development sector, as well as the added-value of community philanthropy. Then practical lessons and challenges are drawn from stories of different community philanthropy and international development organizations that have experience working together.

Australian community foundations as community voice: Influencing a more locally responsive and effective allocation of resources

January 1, 2014

Community foundations inhabit a unique position as the voice of the local community. However, despite their relevance to Australian circumstances, such an approach has as of yet remained largely unpursued. In this paper, Emily Fuller explores the international practices of community foundations, arguing that the community philanthropy model offers opportunities to more effectively impact the allocation of government and private resources. Rather than position asset building and community building as mutually exclusive functions of community foundations, Ms. Fuller demonstrates that being a community builder also builds assets. In order to provide a set of tools and traits for future adaptation to Australian contexts, Ms. Fuller identifies and analyzes five unique roles played by community foundations: starting the hard conversations; keeping a finger on the community pulse; being a champion of local community organisations; being a grantmaking intermediary; and being the first responder. Ultimately, Ms. Fuller concludes, uniting around a common vision and strategy would provide Australian community foundations with a critical first step in realizing their potential, thus capturing the voice of the community, increasing local coordination and accountability, and influencing an improved response to local circumstances.

Resilience rainbow: What role can community foundations play in increasing community resilience

January 1, 2013

What makes a community resilient? Understanding the dynamics of a community can help it to best adapt and grow in the face of sudden or sustained challenges, be it a natural disaster or an economic crisis. Interest in community resilience is emerging in civil society, the social sciences, and within government. This paper examines the nature of what makes a strong community, and how community foundations can help increase resiliency in their local areas. The author forms the initial hypothesis that community foundations that undertake "community needs mapping" are expanding their roles in civil society beyond that of traditional grant maker. She uses selected case studies as a lens to examine community resilience and to look at the role the respective foundations play in these contexts. The author builds a resilience framework with seven elements, which comprise what she calls the "Resilience Rainbow", in order to explore the topic of community resilience. Her paper focuses on case studies - from Canada, the U.S., Brazil, Mexico and Slovakia - of seven community foundations which have recently undertaken "community needs mapping". In her findings, the author maps the themes of the "Resilience Rainbow" against those emerging from the case studies. The author goes on to analyse the differences in the foundations' roles and the potential reasons for these differences. She concludes the paper with a look at why and how certain community foundations? roles are evolving, with a focus on the ways their work has an impact on the resilience of their local communities.

Earthquake: Shaking up NZ's Philanthropic Landscape

January 1, 2012

On February 22, 2011, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake hit the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, killing 185 local residents and inflicting massive infrastructural damage. The earthquake and other local tremors have severely altered the landscape of the city, necessitating a process of rebuilding that would cost between an estimated 16 and 24 billion US dollars. Unfortunately, as the author reveals, the strict regional mandates of local Community Trusts in New Zealand precluded them from contributing to a coordinated response to the Christchurch crisis. This paper, then, seeks to encourage Community Trusts to consider developing a national framework that allows them to respond collectively to future natural disasters or other emergencies in New Zealand. Rather than viewing disasters as singular, tragic events, the author argues that they must be considered as a possibility within any community. In order to save lives and ensure financial stability, philanthropic institutions must integrate disaster protection into plans for long-term development. This framework, the author posits, would allow Community Trusts to respond collaboratively without compromising legal funding restrictions and, in turn, encourage a national ideological shift in philanthropic approaches not only within the context of disaster grantmaking, but within other arenas that might also benefit from a unified national approach. Through interviews and research, the author draws upon the best practices of disaster recovery oriented grantmaking institutions in the United States in order to provide a model for New Zealand Community Trusts to maximize their collective impact and, as a result, become key entities in addressing national policy issues in the future.

The Value of Giving Circles in the Evolution of Community Philanthropy: How community-based philanthropy can be strengthened by forging a bond between community foundations and Black giving circles in the United States

January 1, 2012

While most communities in the United States are made up of a colorful mosaic of race and ethnicity, age, knowledge, wisdom and experience, its philanthropic institutions are not so diverse. This lack of diversity hampers foundations? impact on the communities they serve in complex ways. While the sector grapples with issues of diversity, community foundations in particular are faced with the challenge of increasing competition for donations. Meanwhile, more Black Americans are becoming visibly involved in philanthropy, starting foundations and opening donor-advised funds, and a movement has emerged to encourage them to give strategically for long-term systemic change on issues affecting their communities. In this paper, Akira J. Barclay investigates the growing trend of giving circles in the Black community and their relevance to community foundations. Ms. Barclay explores the challenges facing community foundations today in failing to connect to the growing philanthropy among Blacks in the United States, and she sees an opportunity knocking with the renaissance of collective giving. Studies have shown that community foundations are not well-known or understood in the Black community, their activities are confused with those of public charities, and connections to community foundations are only made through professional advisors or personal experience. Ms. Barclay then profiles three giving circles: The Black Benefactors, in Washington, D.C.; A Legacy of Tradition (A LOT), in Raleigh, NC; and, New Generation of African-American Philanthropy, in Charlotte, NC. Many giving circle members have been born, raised and likely still reside in the community where they are making grants, and these grassroots philanthropists may have a deeper context for community issues and are more knowledgeable about the needs and nuances of the area. Likewise, giving circles are becoming more well-known in Black communities all over the United States because of their responsiveness, influence, impact on pressing issues, and hands-on role in working with grantees, lending technical assistance and building capacity. Giving circles thus present a unique opportunity for community foundations to make headway in many of the key areas identified for making stronger connections to the Black philanthropic community. These include increased visibility, direct experience with Black professionals and entrepreneurs, relevance and legitimacy in the communities they serve, and trust. Ms. Barclay analyzes the existing challenges to partnerships between community foundations and giving circles, and offers recommendations to community foundations in cultivating relationships with giving circles.

Building for the future: Best practices and lessons learned from community foundations in establishing, managing, and cultivating donor support for an endowment

January 1, 2012

Due to the recent recession, many foundations and charities are struggling. Interest payments from investments are at an all-time low. Donors are wary of their contributions sitting in unsuccessful funds for the future, when they could be put to work through grants today. These factors lend urgency to the ever-present issue of sustainability among Third Sector organizations around the world. In this paper, Francesca Aguiar Carson investigates current trends, best practices and lessons learned from community foundations and diaspora giving organizations in establishing, managing, and cultivating donor support for an endowment within today's philanthropic and economic climate. Ms. Carson is tasked with developing recommendations for a suitable endowment strategy for BrazilFoundation, a grant-making and fundraising public charity with a young donor base which generates resources to support community-based projects across Brazil. The Foundation has invested more than $18 million over the past 12 years, mostly in comparatively small one-year grants, supporting the work of more than 300 social projects in Brazil. Ms. Carson draws on lessons from community foundations in order to gain perspective on how a public diaspora foundation like BrazilFoundation might best organize an endowment campaign. Ever aware of balancing the demands of short-term need and long-term planning, and drawing on lessons learned from community foundations in the U.S., Canada, and Kenya, Ms. Carson concludes that BrazilFoundation is an example of an organization that could benefit from developing and introducing a "soft" (or incremental) endowment strategy. The author emphasizes the importance of analyzing an organization's current capacity together with other factors that might influence an endowment campaign -- including knowledge about the age and cultural practices of a foundation's potential donor base. In her recommendations she also points out that long-term sustainability may be achieved through means other than endowment building, including social enterprise and annual fundraising campaigns for pass-through funding.

Partnering with local government: Accelerating the achievement of community foundation sustainability

January 1, 2012

Community foundations are one of the fastest growing forms of philanthropy worldwide, almost doubling in number in the last ten years. However, most community foundations do not achieve sustainability until after seven to ten years, and this is a major challenge for the movement. The aim of Mark Bentley's research is to identify and test a range of partnership opportunities with local government that might be successful in helping community foundations accelerate the journey to organizational and financial sustainability. The academic literature was reviewed for information on community foundation sustainability and the characteristics of successful and unsuccessful working relationships with local government. Partnership opportunities were identified and then tested in discussions with community foundation leaders worldwide. The results revealed a clear and consistent group of practical opportunities through which local government could support the start-up and survival of community foundations worldwide, as well as some opportunities that were more context-specific in nature. Whilst highlighting many of the challenges for a community foundation in working more closely with local government, the research proposed a range of strategies that would maximize the potential for successful partnership and mutual benefit.