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Rapid Gender Analysis Ukraine: May Update

May 3, 2022

The lives of people across Ukraine have been profoundly impacted by the humanitarian crisis brought on by the invasion on 24 February 2022. As of 29 April, 5.5 million refugees have already fled Ukraine, and the number of internally displaced people (IDPs) has reached 7.7 million. Of those who have fled the country, it is estimated that 90 per cent are women and children, while most men aged 18–60 are required to stay behind under martial law. Based on current data from the International Organization for Migration, 60 per cent of the adult internally displaced population are female, while 40 per cent are male. As the crisis quickly evolves, so do the needs and priorities of women and men across Ukraine.This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA), carried out by UN Women and CARE International, seeks to draw attention to the gender dynamics in the humanitarian crisis resulting from the war in Ukraine. The RGA also proposes recommendations for humanitarian leadership, actors and donors to ensure consideration of the gendered dimensions of risk, vulnerability and capabilities in response to this crisis.The RGA is a progressive publication based on both primary and secondary data sources that compares pre-crisis data with up-to-date information as the situation evolves. This RGA builds upon the RGA Ukraine Brief developed by CARE International during the first week of the war and on the UN Women and CARE RGA published 29 March based on an analysis of secondary data. For this report, the RGA team reviewed English, Ukrainian and Russian sources and interviewed 179 women and men from local communities across Ukraine, as well as representatives from civil society organizations (CSOs), UN agencies and government bodies. Particular effort was made to ensure that the voices of women and men in vulnerable situations and from different marginalized groups were included.

Rapid Gender Analysis of Ukraine: Secondary Data Review

April 5, 2022

Since 24 February 2022, and the invasion of the sovereign territory of Ukraine, there have been devastating effects in the country, including massive civilian displacement and casualties. The number displaced as of 25 March is estimated at 10.2 million. Attacks have taken place across the country, including Kyivska oblast and the capital city of Kyiv, as well as the eastern oblasts of Donetska and Luhanska, which were already affected by conflict.Prior to the recent escalation, modest gains had been made in Ukraine in terms of the advancement of gender equality and women's rights in the country. Much of this is to the credit of an advanced women's rights civil society. Yet these gains were under pressure from deeply entrenched gender discrimination as well as eight years of conflict and displacement and the disproportional socioeconomic impact (including violence against women) caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Pre-existing gender and intersectional inequalities worsen during a crisis, and any advances made will be further affected by the current war.This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) seeks to draw attention to the gender dynamics in the war in Ukraine—both pre-existing and emerging—and draws out recommendations for humanitarian leadership, actors and donors to ensure consideration of the gendered dimensions of risk, vulnerability and capabilities in response and preparedness to this crisis. This RGA is a progressive publication based on secondary data resources both pre-crisis information as well as information that has been released after 24 February. Resources comprise of English, Ukrainian and Russian language sources across humanitarian information sources and media as well as being informed through anecdotal discussions with UN Women partners. The secondary data review was conducted between 14 and 22 March 2022. This RGA builds upon the RGA Ukraine Brief developed by CARE International during the first week of the conflict and will be followed by another publication that will include an analysis of both primary and secondary data.

Rapid Gender Analysis: Ukrainian Refugees in Poland

March 16, 2022

Poland has received the majority of Ukrainian refugees fleeing the conflict. At the time of writing, UNHCR reports that 1,830,711 people have crossed the Ukrainian/Polish border. There has been an outpouring of solidarity in Poland for the Ukrainian refugees. Polish authorities and citizens mobilised swiftly. For example, a law was passed to allow Ukrainians to stay in Poland for 18 months and receive an identification card that facilitates their access to cash assistance and services. Third country nationals (TCNs) have 15 days to find a way out of Poland. The sheer scale and pace of the refugee influx is already creating cracks in the response. Many of these cracks have important gender and protection consequences.This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) researched by CARE highlights the most significant gender and protection issues for Ukrainians in Poland and flags urgent actions required to address them. This RGA of Ukrainian Refugees in Poland builds on the RGA Brief for Ukraine published in February 2022.The RGA is based on observations from site visits to Medyka border crossing, Przemsyl train station, Korczowa Reception Centre, Krościenko border crossing as well as Warsaw train station and accommodation centres; conversations with organisers at these sites – both official and volunteers – and with refugees and Polish Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) and Civil Society Organisations (CSOs). The RGA also benefits from consolidating and triangulating information coming out from multiple reports and online coordination meetings.

Rapid Gender Analysis Ukraine

March 1, 2022

Like all military operations, this one will take its toll on many communities within Ukraine, with distinct effects on women, men, children and marginalised groups. The starkest example is the current contrast between the requirement that Ukrainian men aged 18 to 60 years stay and join the fighting, and media images of mostly women, children and the elderly fleeing the country.Ukraine has made modest gains on women's rights in recent years and has a developing state-level 'gender machinery'. These gains were already under threat from deeply entrenched and persistent gender and discrimination-based inequalities, eight years of conflict in the east of the country, and the gendered social and economic stress wrought by the COVID-19 pandemic. This current crisis, with mass displacement inside and outside Ukraine, will add to that complex situation and put pressure on any gains that have been made.Humanitarian actors need to build on the advances in gender equality and women's empowerment by Ukrainian women's rights, women-led and civil society organisations, and work with them to identify and respond to the different humanitarian needs of women, men, boys, girls and people of all genders. This Rapid Gender Analysis Brief for Ukraine and the Gender in Crisis Ukraine infographic are a first attempt to identify the gender, age, and diversity issues so that humanitarian responses can better meet people's different needs as the crisis evolves.

Youth in Extension and Advisory Services: Rwanda. Developing Local Extension Capacity Project

August 1, 2019

The overall objective of this youth in extension diagnostic study is to design a pilot engagement in Rwanda to support and strengthen the inclusion of youth in extension – both as providers and recipients of extension services –as a mechanism to both improve the economic opportunities and livelihoods of youth and increase the effectiveness of extension and advisory service systems.In Phase 1, DLEC engaged with USAID country missions that identified engaging youth in agricultural extension as a strategic priority for economic growth and investment. DLEC then identified several countries in which there was buy-in and support from USAID missions to conduct a diagnostic to develop concrete recommendations for a youth-focused engagement. These countries included Guatemala, Niger and Rwanda.For Phase 2, the output is this report. DLEC conducted a landscape analysis, employing a local systems approach and utilize USAID's "5Rs Framework" (Gray et al., 2018) to analyze the roles of certain actors that form a network of relationships whose interactions depend on resources and produce results for youth in EAS. The process of transforming resources into results via interactions of system actors is governed by rules.Methodologies for obtaining the information for this report included: A literature review, key informant interviews, and field and site visits to view programs and talk to stakeholders. Key informants included USAID country partners, government agencies, private sector and civil society that focus on youth in extension. USAID Mission representatives were interviewed to understand Mission priorities for current projects and the Mission country development cooperation strategy (CDCS) as they relate to youth engagement in extension and ongoing or planned programs addressing youth in extension. The report is not meant to give an account of all initiatives in youth and agricultural extension but rather to present a sample of such initiatives, including ones from all the main different types of actors: donor-funded projects, government agencies, educational institutions, international organizations, national and local NGOs, producer organizations and the private sector. 

Accelerating Localisation Through Partnerships

February 1, 2019

his research was commissioned by the Accelerating Localisation through Partnerships programme – a multiagency consortium programme funded by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) over two years (2017-2019) – to establish what operational elements of partnerships between local, national and international NGOs are most likely to foster localisation of humanitarian action.The research was underpinned by a mixed methods approach using qualitative and quantitative data collection approaches. In-depth consultations were conducted in three locations in four countries: Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria and South Sudan. Sampling was such that a wide diversity of local and national NGOs were invited to participate in the in-depth discussions to ensure different areas of thematic, geographic and other focuses were represented. In total, more than 350 NGOs were consulted for this research; 85% of which were local or national NGOs.

Transitioning to a Government-Run Refugee and Migrant Response in Greece: A joint NGO roadmap for more fair and humane policies

December 12, 2017

Two years on from the peak of the "refugee crisis" in Greece, the Greek state is beginning to take over management and financing of aspects of the reception and integration system, and many international nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) that came to assist with the then-humanitarian emergency are downsizing or preparing to exit the country entirely. At this turning point, the 13 undersigned NGOs believe it is critical to reflect on our field experiences, build on the progress collectively made, and provide recommendations for a smooth transition and a sustainable Greek Government-managed refugee and migrant reception and integration system.The transition to a government-run response is a positive step if implemented transparently, promptly, and in close collaboration with local governments, as well as the organisations currently providing services, soon to fall under the responsibility of the Greek Government. It is under this current state of affairs, and with the goal of preventing regression, that we write this report.

Balancing the Books: Including women and protecting refugees is essential to realizing small business growth in Jordan

December 7, 2017

It is essential that opportunities for job growth are supported both for refugees in Jordan and the vulnerable communities hosting them. Micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) can be a key driver of job growth. Promoting MSMEs could also help to address gender inequality and protection issues for refugees in Jordan. This joint agency paper was written by the LEADERS Consortium of NGOs, which aims to contribute to the economic self-reliance, resilience and stability of Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities in Jordan. It presents research conducted among women and men small business owners in central and northern Jordan on the challenges they face. It makes recommendations on how the Government of Jordan, businesses, the financial sector and NGOs can support women, refugees and Jordanian host communities to start and grow small businesses. 

Africa Climate Change Resilience Alliance: Phase 2 Synthesis Evaluation, final report

June 23, 2017

ACCRA, which began implementing its programme in Mozambique, Uganda and Ethiopia in 2009, works with national and local governments and civil society groups in the countries where its programmes are implemented to tackle complex climate change issues and work towards increasing community adaptive capacities, transforming governance systems and achieving climate justice.This evaluation of phase 2 of the programme used a participatory, reflexive and theory-informed methodology to assess the extent to which the programme objectives were met. Also available are case studies on Mozambique and Uganda; see downloads on this page.

More than Six Months Stranded - What Now? A Joint Policy Brief on the Situation for Displaced Persons in Greece

April 3, 2017

This briefing paper is the result of a joint effort by 12 national and international organizations operating in Greece. The aim is to explain the current situation for those stranded in Greece for over six months since the closure of the northern border and introduction of the European Union (EU) - Turkey deal.These events changed Greece from a transit country to a country hosting tens of thousands of displaced persons for a still undefined, yet long-term, period. The briefing and recommendations presented are based on programmatic assessments as well as daily work and interaction with the displaced throughout Greece. Our hope is that this briefing and our joint recommendations will be of use to all actors engaged in addressing the situation and improving the response for those in need of protection in Greece.

From the Ground Up: Gender and conflict analysis in Yemen

October 19, 2016

Conflicts and humanitarian crises affect men, women, girls, and boys differently due to their different societal roles and the deep-rooted socio-cultural and economic inequalities which become exacerbated during crises. Men and boys form the vast majority of direct victims of armed conflict and associated impacts like forced recruitment or arbitrary detention. Women bear the burdens of running the households under extreme stress and are often exposed to different forms of gender-based violence. During emergencies, women and girls become more vulnerable as basic services collapse and livelihoods diminish. In order to better understand the impact of armed conflict on men, women, boys, and girls, and the changes that have resulted in gender roles and relationships at household and community levels since the onset of conflict in March 2015, Oxfam, CARE and GenCap in Yemen collaborated to collect and analyse available data to further inform immediate humanitarian response as well as longer-term programming in Yemen.

Consolidated Gender Analysis for the Ethiopian Drought Response

September 15, 2016

This report is the first to be published by the project 'Institutionalising Gender in Emergencies', which is funded by the European Community Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO) and implemented by Oxfam in Dominican Republic, Pakistan, Ethiopia and South Sudan. It is a gender analysis developed in collaboration with CARE Ethiopia and combines a desk review with primary field research in Ethiopia, focusing on the gendered effects of the drought brought by El Niño in 2015. These findings offer a starting point from which to improve gender-responsive approach to humanitarian action.The report makes recommendations relating to a range of emergency areas. The findings are to be used to influence change throughout the humanitarian sphere. The aim is for them to influence how programmes are planned, monitored and evaluated, and to ensure they incorporate gender as a central component and account for the varied impacts of the drought, and how the programme will address the different needs of men, women, girls and boys.