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Ukrainian Displacement: What You Need to Know

March 2, 2022

Since the beginning of the Russian invasion of Ukraine one week ago, hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians have fled the country. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated that 660,000 Ukrainians had crossed into neighboring countries as of March 1, 2021, with the majority arriving in Poland as well as Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia and other European states. These numbers are in addition to at least 160,000 Ukrainians who have been internally displaced in the last week. Whether the number of refugees and internally displaced Ukrainians continues to climb depends on the nature of the conflict; if fighting continues and if Russia solidifies its occupation over large parts of the country, we can expect the number of both these groups to rise. This issue brief examines European and potential U.S. responses to the growing crisis.

The Graying of America: Shifting Demographics and Implications for Immigration Reform

February 23, 2022

This report from the Baker Institute's Center for the United States and Mexico explores how new immigration policies can help maintain a strong economy as a growing number of older Americans leave the workforce.

Climate Risk and the Fossil Fuel Industry: Two Feet High and Rising

July 22, 2016

As climate change effects grow more pronounced, there can be little doubt that an industry that produces 68 percent of human greenhouse gas emissions will find itself under increasing pressure. The risks to the industry correlate with progress on climate goals. Unless a technological breakthrough can restrict carbon releases, the fortunes of the fossil fuel industry and the stability of Earth's climate will be locked in a zero-sum game. Climate's gain is the industry's loss and vice versa. For coal, the threats posed by climate action are already being felt. Coal's fortunes now rest with developing countries, where decisions to seek China-style, coal-led development will increasingly be met by international pressure to choose an alternate path.