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Accelerating Localisation Through Partnerships

February 1, 2019

his research was commissioned by the Accelerating Localisation through Partnerships programme – a multiagency consortium programme funded by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) over two years (2017-2019) – to establish what operational elements of partnerships between local, national and international NGOs are most likely to foster localisation of humanitarian action.The research was underpinned by a mixed methods approach using qualitative and quantitative data collection approaches. In-depth consultations were conducted in three locations in four countries: Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria and South Sudan. Sampling was such that a wide diversity of local and national NGOs were invited to participate in the in-depth discussions to ensure different areas of thematic, geographic and other focuses were represented. In total, more than 350 NGOs were consulted for this research; 85% of which were local or national NGOs.

Macroeconomic Policy and Women's Economic Empowerment

December 21, 2017

At its core, the economic empowerment of women - to succeed and advance economically and to make and act on economic decisions - depends on the quantity and quality of paid employment, the provision or absence of public services, the amount of unpaid care work borne by women, as well as coverage or lack thereof under core social and labour protections.This paper discusses how macroeconomic policies are crucial enablers of gender equality, as they shape the overall economic environment for advancing women's economic empowerment. It focuses on how macroeconomic policies support employment creation, the level of unpaid care required of women and the size of fiscal space, which determines the resources available for governments to promote gender equality.

Transitioning to a Government-Run Refugee and Migrant Response in Greece: A joint NGO roadmap for more fair and humane policies

December 12, 2017

Two years on from the peak of the "refugee crisis" in Greece, the Greek state is beginning to take over management and financing of aspects of the reception and integration system, and many international nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) that came to assist with the then-humanitarian emergency are downsizing or preparing to exit the country entirely. At this turning point, the 13 undersigned NGOs believe it is critical to reflect on our field experiences, build on the progress collectively made, and provide recommendations for a smooth transition and a sustainable Greek Government-managed refugee and migrant reception and integration system.The transition to a government-run response is a positive step if implemented transparently, promptly, and in close collaboration with local governments, as well as the organisations currently providing services, soon to fall under the responsibility of the Greek Government. It is under this current state of affairs, and with the goal of preventing regression, that we write this report.

More than Six Months Stranded - What Now? A Joint Policy Brief on the Situation for Displaced Persons in Greece

April 3, 2017

This briefing paper is the result of a joint effort by 12 national and international organizations operating in Greece. The aim is to explain the current situation for those stranded in Greece for over six months since the closure of the northern border and introduction of the European Union (EU) - Turkey deal.These events changed Greece from a transit country to a country hosting tens of thousands of displaced persons for a still undefined, yet long-term, period. The briefing and recommendations presented are based on programmatic assessments as well as daily work and interaction with the displaced throughout Greece. Our hope is that this briefing and our joint recommendations will be of use to all actors engaged in addressing the situation and improving the response for those in need of protection in Greece.

One Year Stranded and What's Changed? An Update to the October 2016 Joint NGO Policy Brief on the Situation for Displaced Persons in Greece

April 3, 2017

It is one year since the introduction of Europe's flawed migration policies to close borders along the Western Balkan route and return migrants and refugees to Turkey, leaving thousands stranded in Greece. This update provides an overview of the current situation in Greece, and sets out what eight national and international responding agencies see as the most urgent issues to address and the major concerns with Europe's response to this crisis.This paper is an update to the October 2016 briefing More than Six Months Stranded - What Now?

Development Finance Institutions and Responsible Corporate Tax Behaviour: Where We Are, and the Road Ahead

November 9, 2016

Many Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) are not doing enough to eliminate the risk of public money being complicit in tax avoidance schemes. This is the finding of an analysis of publicly available policies of nine DFIs related to corporate tax payments, which suggests that DFIs are doing too little to encourage responsible corporate tax behaviour. Some DFIs have taken important steps forward, which this paper documents; however, many DFIs are falling behind. Even less is being done to ensure that their clients meet the highest standards for responsible corporate tax behavior and full transparency.This briefing includes recommendations for how DFIs can take a much-needed and overdue proactive role in ensuring tax payments and domestic resource mobilization in developing countries follow from their investment decisions.

Europe, Don't Let Us Down: Voices of refugees and migrants in Greece

June 16, 2016

Since the beginning of 2015 more than one million migrants, including refugees, fleeing war, persecution, natural disasters and poverty, have travelled through Turkey to Greece in search of safety and a dignified life in Europe. Lacking safe and legal alternatives, they put their lives in the hands of smugglers and risk everything during perilous sea and land crossings.Oxfam and ActionAid have listened to hundreds of refugee and migrant women and men on Lesvos island, in Athens and in the Epirus region of northwest Greece to understand why they fled their countries, what their immediate needs are, and what they plan to do next. This paper presents the key messages that they want European people and their governments to hear. 

A Case for Gender-Responsive Budgeting in Myanmar

March 22, 2016

A country's budget can be a powerful lever for social transformation. A budget is the tool a government has to help it translate national resources into allocations which meet the needs and aspirations of its population, and set the country on a path to sustainable and equitable development. If a budget does not account for the different needs of women and men, it is 'gender-blind' - i.e., it perpetuates inequality through biased spending. More often than not, national budgets favour men and the groups, institutions and systems that are led by men.In Myanmar, the budgetary process is largely male-led; few women participate in formal decision making. Consequently, budgetary allocations that target women's practical and strategic gender needs remain low. This briefing paper - prepared by ActionAid, CARE, the Women's Organisations' Network (WON) and Oxfam - demonstrates just how important it is for Myanmar to adopt gender-responsive budgeting and provides recommendations to help achieve this. 

Getting to Good: Towards responsible corporate tax behaviour

November 16, 2015

Tax is an issue of good corporate governance and responsible business practice.This discussion paper, written jointly with ActionAid and Christian Aid, proposes what 'good' looks like in responsible corporate tax behaviour, and contains a wide range of positive behaviours and actions companies can undertake to go beyond legal compliance and result in significant gains for developing countries. Companies, too, will benefit because responsible tax behaviour helps mitigate risk and is in companies' own long-term interest. The best companies - and their investors - recognise that their success is inseparable from the success of the society in which they operate.This paper will be of great interest to companies and investors seeking to place tax management squarely at the heart of responsible and truly sustainable business.

Pitfalls and Potentials: The role of bioenergy in the EU climate and energy policy post-2020

April 28, 2015

European Governments are increasingly relying on bioenergy as a cheap way to meet targets for renewable energy. Bioenergy represented 62 percent of the EU's renewable energy use in 2012. But new evidence on the real climate impacts and other environmental and social impacts of bioenergy has made its use increasingly controversial.Sustainable bioenergy has a role to play in Europe's transition to an energy system based on renewable energy and energy efficiency. However, to avoid serious negative consequences for carbon emissions, biodiversity and land conflicts, the EU should introduce four main safeguards for bioenergy use as part of the its 2030 climate and energy policies:Introduce a cap to limit the use of biomass for energy production to levels that can be sustainably supplied;Ensure efficient and optimal use of biomass resources, in line with the principle of cascading use;Include correct carbon accounting for biomass;Introduce comprehensive binding sustainability criteria.

Land Rights Indicators in the Post-2015 SDGs: Recommendations for the inter-agency expert group and other policymakers

April 9, 2015

This briefing makes recommendations for those working on the land rights aspect of the post-2015 agenda. It accompanies the technical briefing Secure and Equitable Land Rights in the Post-2015 AgendaThe success of the post-2015 sustainable development goals (SDGs) will depend on the adoption of indicators that allow measuring progress towards targets and provide helpful information to policymakers. As member states move towards the next inter-governmental negotiations, we propose two indicators that we believe are fundamental to achieving 'the future we want'. These indicators are meaningful, universal, and feasible, and they capture fundamental realities affecting key stakeholders at the heart of the SDGs.

Secure and Equitable Land Rights in the Post-2015 Agenda

April 9, 2015

This technical briefing authored by a number of international organizations working on food security, natural resource management and poverty eradication, and endorsed by many local civil society organizations around the world, strongly encourages governments to keep the profile of land and natural resources high in the document on sustainable development goals to be endorsed in September 2015.Secure and equitable land rights, particularly for those living in poverty and using and managing ecosystems, are an essential element of a post-2015 agenda that has the ambition to be people-centred and planet-sensitive.This briefing is accompanied by Land Rights Indicators in the Post-2015 SDGs: Recommendations for inter-agency expert group and other policymakers