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Preventing Black Male Suicides: A Roadmap for Action

April 27, 2022

Over the past 10 years, we have continued to hear from our partners about the need for resources and tools that will help them address the most pressing issues that hold far too many young Black men and boys back from living out our vision. From community violence and homicides; police-involved shootings and in-custody deaths; suicides, and child abuse and neglect – all of these forms of violence have a direct and indirect impact on young Black men and boys – lessening their chances to be safe, live healthy lives or see any hope for the future. In response, Cities United has developed a series of strategic resources to equip mayors, city and community leaders, and young leaders – with the tools they need to address these tough challenges, and prevent them from happening in the first place. This is the third strategic resource in the series and it will focus on suicide prevention, providing a roadmap that city leaders can use to address this pressing issue. We are focusing on suicide because it is a growing crisis among Black children and youth, that demands urgent attention from local leaders including mayors, schools, healthcare systems, and community-based organizations. There is a need to spotlight this issue at the local level, deploy effective solutions for identifying young people at risk, and get them the help that they need.In this resource guide, we share a framework for local action – that identifies integral front-line components of a prevention system organized around universal screening and detection, timely referral to evidence-based services, and timely intervention to prevent future suicidal behavior. The framework provides actions steps that key stakeholders can implement to keep young Black men and boys from suicidal behaviors.The recommendations outlined in this resource are based on emerging best practices and effective responses we have identified through research – they are rooted in community transformation and healing.

Missing in Action: A Review of State, Federal and International Sources of Information on Men's Health

December 6, 2021

In recent decades there has been a rise in attention devoted to men's health and men's health initiatives, particularly to health behaviors, lifestyle choices, societal factors, and gender socialization (Garfield, 2008). Despite this, in the US, men continue to lag behind women in many areas of health, notably life expectancy and health care use, and are more likely to engage in risky health behaviors with higher rates of steroid, alcohol, and tobacco use; these inequities are compounded and complicated by other factors such as race, class, and sexuality (Garfield, 2008). Brott et al. estimated that premature death and morbidity in men costs federal, state and local governments in excess of $142 billion annually. Additionally, it costs employers roughly $340 billion annually in direct medical payments, lost productivity, and decreased quality of life (Fadich et al. 2018, citing Brott et al. 2011). And, although the number of male coronavirus cases is similar to the number of female cases, globally men have a higher risk of death from Covid-19 (Global Health 5050, 2021). Another study found that in 2020 American men saw the largest decline in life expectancy since World War II as it dropped by 2.2 years (Aburto et al. 2021).The Partnership for Male Youth (PMY) is the only US national organization whose sole focus is on the health and wellbeing of adolescent and young adult (AYA) males, or males between the ages of 10 and 25. PMY has undertaken this study because the genesis of the men's health problem lies in adolescence. By the time most American adolescents reach the age of 13 they've stopped seeing a pediatrician – over 80% of all pediatric visits are by children under 13 (Bocian et al., 1999). Less than half of AYAs have primary care visits within the last year (Rand & Goldstein, 2018). Males are less likely than their female counterparts to seek care (Lau et al., 2014; Callahan & Cooper, 2004; Fortuna, Robbins, & Halterman, 2009). Females have a relatively seamless transition with age with gynecologists accounting for 23-42% of AYA female preventive visits (Rand & Goldstein, 2018). For males, however, there is no similar continuity of care. On the whole, with the exception of episodic school exams, sports physicals and visits to the emergency room, once they leave the pediatrician's office AYA males are left outside of our health care system, a pattern that extends into adulthood. In the intervening years they suffer from a number of illnesses and disabilities that are cause by a lack of preventive care.The purposes of this research are: 1) to determine which, if any, significant policies and programs exist at the US state and federal levels that can serve as models for advancing men's health in the US, as evidenced by their websites; 2) to examine international efforts to advance men's health that can inform policy change in the US; and 3) to make recommendations for policies and programs based on those findings. 

When Men Murder Women: An Analysis of 2019 Homicide Data

September 29, 2021

When Men Murder Women is an annual study released by the VPC for Domestic Violence Awareness Month in October. State by state, the study details the circumstances of all reported homicides of women by men in single-victim/single-offender incidents. The study also ranks the states based on their rate of females killed by males. This research is used by state and local advocates to educate the public and policymakers on the realities of domestic violence and promote effective solutions to protect women and children from abusers.

Building Capacity, Transforming Systems: A Summative Evaluation of The California Endowment’s Sons & Brothers Grantmaking Executive Summary

September 7, 2021

In 2010, The California Endowment began an ambitious 10-year initiative called Building Healthy Communities (BHC) – a $1 billion effort to "advance statewide policy, change the narrative, and transform 14 of California's communities most devastated by health inequities into places where all people have an opportunity to thrive."In the early stages of the initiative, The Endowment identified ten key outcomes for community health, including "health gaps for boys and men of color are narrowed." The health outcome was considered critical because "addressing the social, educational, and economic disadvantages faced by boys and young men of color is essential to community health. Success here means equity in schools, more job opportunities, more alternatives to incarceration, and new youth development approaches tailored to them.The drive to reduce health inequities evolved into a cross-cutting, population-focused effort to advance racial and gender justice. Sons & Brothers was launched in 2013 as a seven-year, $50 million investment to "help all young people of color reach their full potential, because when our sons and daughters succeed, we all succeed."The report from Equal Measure and Bright Research Group outlines the findings from a two-year evaluation of Sons & Brothers. It is a look back at what Sons & Brothers was, what it accomplished, and the challenges faced along the way – and a look ahead to how learnings from Sons & Brothers can help to chart a new course forward in challenging times.

Fast Facts: Identifying the Root Causes of Gender Disparities in Retirement

June 3, 2021

This Fast Fact report from The Employee Benefit Research Institute (EBRI) highlights statistics captured as part of the organization's April 2021 Issue Brief – Retirees in Profile: Evaluating Five Distinct Lifestyles in Retirement.These findings underscore that despite significant improvements in women's labor force participation over the past decades, gender inequality remains a persistent issue in many aspects of women's working lives, including retirement security. With the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, disparities have grown. Older women have been disproportionately represented in industries that suffered heavily from the pandemic, such as retail and hospitality. Policy changes that are sensitive to women's unique retirement needs can help narrow the gap.The Employee Benefit Research Institute is a nonpartisan, tax-exempt organization contributing to sound employee benefit programs and public policy through independent, objective, fact-based research and education.This report was developed with support from RRF Foundation for Aging.Click "Download" to access this resource.

Power Beyond Measure 2021

April 20, 2021

Power Beyond Measure: Reshaping the Research and Evaluation Landscape for Boys and Men of Color is a new research agenda that outlines six strategies for advancing equity and opportunity for Boys and Men of Color (BMOC) in the U.S.These strategies and recommendations lift up ways to ensure BMOC voices and perspectives are reflected in research and funding; to promote power and capacity-building in their communities; and to build more equitable, anti-racist research and evaluation systems.

A Portrait of Caring Black Men

February 1, 2021

This report provides a portrait of Black men as active contributors to the care economy—discussing what they do, how they experience care work, the barriers that make it difficult to provide care, and recommendations for supportive policies. This report also assesses the similarities and differences between Black and white men who are High-Intensity Caregivers and/or Parents (HICP)—and between Black and white fathers. Based on the findings of a nationally representative survey, this study finds that few differences exist between Black and white men as it pertains to how they value and fulfill their caregiving and/or parenting responsibilities. In the context of parenting, this finding adds to the growing body of research and evidence that is helping to dispel the harmful myth of the "absent Black father," an idea perpetuated by structural racism and white supremacy. Such stereotypes have historically been used to wrongly attribute socioeconomic inequities to the perceived shortcomings of Black men, rather than to systemically racist policies that undermine Black men's ability to raise their children and take care of loved ones.

Gun Violence is and Epidemic. Here is the Evidence.

January 1, 2020

Since 1966, there have been more than 163 mass shootings (in this case defined as 4 or more deaths, not including the perpetrator) in America. All but 3 of those shootings were committed by men.Men make up more than 80% of both perpetrators and victims of gun violence. Men are 3 times more likely than women to own a firearm in America. Out of nearly 40,000 firearm deaths in 2017, men made up 86% of them.

EFC Gender Equality Network: Initial Gender Mainstreaming Assessment

December 1, 2019

The members of the Gender Equality Network have initiated an assessment to reflect on and share their experiences in integrating the gender dimension structurally into their organisational policies, practices and culture in the pursuit of greater equality.This report offers an initial analysis of the experiences and approaches of six funders; C&A Foundation, Foundation CHANEL, Joseph Rowntree Charitable Trust, King Baudouin Foundation, Open Society Foundations, and the Wellcome Trust.

Strategic Priorities for Historically Black Colleges and Universities with Teacher Preparation Programs

September 1, 2019

For this report, we surveyed selected HBCUs and HBCU-adjacent school districts to help state higher education executives and nongovernmental organizations understand what drives successful teacher preparation at HBCUs. Further, the report suggests ways to use HBCUs as resources to resolve longstanding racial disparities and inequities in majority-minority school districts.

Building a Lifetime of Options and Opportunities for Men: Transforming the Lives of Young Black Men in South Los Angeles

April 1, 2019

This report tells the story of BLOOM, its impact, and the lessons we learned along the way. Through the initiative, Brotherhood Crusade (BHC) and Social Justice Learning Institute (SJLI) developed programs that tap into the potential of young Black males through developmental relationships with male mentors along with positive peer relationships and accountability with other young Black men. Since its launch, BLOOM has impacted the lives of nearly 800 young Black men in South L.A. Over the past six years, California Community Foundation's (CCF) commitment of $500,000 per year, totaling $3.5 million, leveraged $3.3 million from other foundations, as well as contributions from individual donors, with an additional $3.2 million pledged over the next five years.

Brotherly Love: Health of Black Men and Boys in Philadelphia

March 14, 2019

This report uses data from various sources to examine  the impact of social and economic factors on health outcomes for black men and boys living in Philadelphia.