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A Year in Review: 2020 Gun Deaths in the U.S.

April 28, 2022

This report illustrates the enormous toll gun violence has in the U.S. The report provides an in-depth analysis of the 2020 CDC firearm fatality data, which was made public in December 2021; a look at demographic and state-level geographic differences; and a comparison of other injury fatalities. The report also highlights evidence-based policy recommendations states can implement to help curb gun violence in all its forms.

Pain in the Nation: The Epidemics of Alcohol, Drug, and Suicide Deaths 2022

May 24, 2022

COVID-19 has intensified the nation's troubling long-term trends for alcohol, drug, and suicide deaths. Between 2019 and 2020, these deaths increased a stunning 20 percent, driven by a 27 percent increase in the rate of alcohol-induced deaths and a 30 percent increase in drug-induced deaths. Increases were particularly large among communities of color and young adults. The rise in deaths occurred across all states and the District of Columbia, except for New Hampshire. And for the first time, two states--West Virginia and New Mexico--surpassed 100 deaths from alcohol, drugs, and suicide per 100,000 people. 

New Analyses on US Immigrant Health Care Access Underscore the Need to Eliminate Discriminatory Policies

May 18, 2022

Previous Guttmacher Institute research has described sexual and reproductive health disparities between immigrant women and their US-born counterparts. We present new analyses, based on two nationally representative surveys, that show inequities in health insurance coverage by citizenship status and race or ethnicity, and health care service use by citizenship status. These new findings are consistent with existing evidence indicating a need for policies to eliminate sexual and reproductive health inequities that have long persisted along lines of race and ethnicity, immigration status and income in the United States.These analyses make it clear that policymakers need to address these inequities. Two bills, the Health Equity and Access Under the Law (HEAL) for Immigrant Families Act and the Lifting Immigrant Families Through Benefits Access Restoration (LIFT the BAR) Act, represent opportunities to do just that.

Public Opinion on Abortion

May 17, 2022

Abortion has long been a contentious issue in the United States, and it is one that sharply divides Americans along partisan, ideological and religious lines. This Fact Sheet draws on data from a survey conducted March 7-13, 2022. Trend lines show aggregated data from polls conducted in each year. Data from 2019 and later come from Pew Research Center's online American Trends Panel; prior data from telephone surveys.

False fix: the hidden health impacts of Europe’s fossil gas dependency

May 17, 2022

With the war in Ukraine, energy considerations have risen to the top of the EU policy agenda. There is an increased understanding that all fossil fuels, not only those imported from Russia, are an economic, political, security, climate and health risk.This briefing by health, environmental and climate NGOs quantifies for the first time the health impacts of burning fossil gas for power (and heat) generation, excluding private households. While coal combustion continues to be the most polluting, health-harming form of energy generation, the health impacts and cost from fossil gas have been grossly underestimated in public and policy discussions and cannot be neglected.Burning fossil gas is not pollution free. The price tag for the EU's and UK's reliance on electricity generation from fossil gas is up to 8.7 billion EUR in health costs in 2019 alone, with the largest health burden in Italy, Germany, the UK, France, the Netherlands and Spain.These costs stem from direct impacts on health from air pollution by gas combustion, including 2,864 premature deaths, over 15,000 cases of respiratory impacts in adults and children, over 4,100 hospital admissions and over 5 million days in lost productivity because of illness. All of these impacts are preventable.This briefing underlines that the continued reliance on fossil gas is highly unhealthy. Given that gas power plants are located in areas of high population density, a large number of people are under threat from air pollution impacts.As the EU Commission is set to present the REPowerEU package, health, environmental and climate NGOs and think tanks urge for the adoption of a timeline and an ambitious deadline for the phasing out of all fossil fuels, including fossil gas, and the avoidance of false solutions in the process. A continued reliance on fossil fuels undermines the EU's zero pollution commitment included in the Green Deal, and accelerates climate change, when alternatives exist.All efforts, including financial ones, must now be concentrated on achieving a 100% renewable and energy efficient European Union as quickly as possible.

Evidence of Widespread and Systematic Bombardment of Ukrainian Healthcare Facilities

May 17, 2022

The Yale Humanitarian Research Lab (HRL) has identified 22 healthcare facilities in Ukraine that sustained damage from apparent Russia-aligned bombardment between 24 February and 29 March 2022. The HRL verified damage through cross-corroboration of very high resolution satellite imagery and open source information. Based on a review of nearly 300 facilities across five cities and regions, the HRL has concluded that Russia-aligned forces have engaged in widespread and systematic bombardment of Ukrainian healthcare facilities.The HRL's full report was provided to the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe's (OSCE) Moscow Mechanism mission of experts. The following summary presents the key findings of the full report, including a more detailed explanation of the methodology used by HRL and a geographic breakdown of where apparently damaged facilities have been identified. Only the summary is being released due to the highly sensitive nature of the location data contained within the full report transmitted to the OSCE.

2021 Pulse Check on Shared Stewardship for Thriving Together Across America

May 16, 2022

What will it take to live up to our potential to be good stewards of an equitable and thriving future? The 2021 Pulse Check on Shared Stewardship for Thriving Together Across America surveyed more than three hundred leaders who are well-positioned to act as stewards in communities across the U.S. The results track the diffusion of shared stewardship and explore the extent to which the values, priorities, and practices of stewardship are taking hold nationwide.Fielded from October 2020 to July 2021, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the survey provides rare and timely insights about stewarding well-being in a period of significant threat and opportunity. The 2021 Pulse Check was led by ReThink Health, the flagship initiative of the Rippel Foundation, in partnership with the RAND Corporation and funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and Rippel. It sought to learn:To what extent do changemakers across America endorse stewardship values?What are their priorities for investment and action?How fully are stewardship practices incorporated as organizational norms?What kinds of obstacles and momentum builders are shaping the path forward?

International Medical Corps Situation Update: Report #14

May 12, 2022

The Russian invasion of Ukraine that began on February 24 has led to Europe's largest refugee crisis since World War II, with more than 14 million people forcibly displaced. In addition, since the war began, at least 7,256 civilian casualties have been reported in the country, including 3,496 killed. The United Nations says the actual numbers are likely much higher.In Ukraine, conflict remains concentrated in eastern and southern regions. According to OCHA, before 2022 eastern Ukraine was among the most minecontaminated regions in the world. Since the invasion, the State Emergency Service (SES) of Ukraine has disposed of more than 102,000 explosive devices and more than 1,900 aerial bombs. The Interior Minister announced the launch of the International Coordination Centre for Humanitarian Demining, which SES will work in collaboration with, to reduce casualties from explosive remnants of war.Since the invasion, almost 6 million people have fled Ukraine. As of May 12, at least 3,251,955 people had crossed the border from Ukraine into Poland, 889,674 had entered Romania, 458,242 had entered Moldova, 577,820 had entered Hungary and 406,833 had entered Slovakia, while 772,121 had entered Russia and 27,108 had entered Belarus. According to Poland's Office for Foreigners, more than 1 million Ukrainian nationals--47% of whom are children--have registered for a national PESEL number, allowing them to access services such as health and social support.

Fight for What Counts Thematic Report: Pandemic Preparedness and Response

May 10, 2022

The Global Fund was created 20 years ago to fight what were then the deadliest pandemics confronting humanity: HIV and AIDS, TB and malaria. Since then, our unique partnership has saved 44 million lives and cut the death rates from the three diseases by more than half. Together, we have proven that with science, adequate resources and effective global collaboration, we can force even the deadliest diseases into retreat. Today, we are the world's largest multilateral organization fighting the world's deadliest pandemics: HIV, TB, malaria and now COVID-19. As the largest multilateral provider of grants in global health and the only multilateral agency specifically created to fight pandemics, the Global Fund partnership is uniquely placed to collaborate with partners to support countries to prevent, prepare for and respond to pandemics.

Bringing Oral Health Home. An Implementation Evaluation of Heartland Alliance Health’s Shelter-Based Oral Health Outreach Program

May 10, 2022

In response to the COVID-19 crisis, Heartland Alliance Health (HAH) aligned with multiple residential sites serving people experiencing homelessness and people with substance use disorders to expand access to oral health services for their residents through site-based outreach.The HAH Shelter-Based Oral Health pilot program aims to improve the oral health of individuals experiencing homelessness and increase access to oral health services and other services addressing social determinants of health. The pilot program aims to do this by establishing stronger partnerships with residential sites and providing on-site dental services. The long-term goals of the program are to increase knowledge for medical providers to successfully implement and deliver on-site oral health care and continue developing strategic alignment between Heartland Alliance Health and residential sites.Recognizing the importance of program implementation in effective service delivery, the evaluation of the Oral Health Service followed the World Health Organization's Implementation Framework. To understand how the service was operationalized, the outcome variables of acceptability, adoption, appropriateness, feasibility, fidelity, coverage and sustainability were assessed. Research questions were developed within each of the overarching outcome variables, sourced from relevant literature and the HAH Oral Health Logic Model (Appendix A). The logic model was co-developed by the research team, HAH Oral Health staff, and outreach partner staff. Specifically, the research questions for this report focus on the implementation of the Oral Health Service based on identified short- and mid- term outcomes.

Reimagine Recovery: A Playbook for an Equitable Future

May 6, 2022

We cannot allow ourselves to resume what was; we must reimagine what can be. True recovery requires us to acknowledge the unjust structures and policies that, in many ways, led to and compounded the devastation of the pandemic. It calls for us to examine our obsession with the idea of rapid growth at all costs and establish a shared understanding of inclusive, sustainable growth that results in equal opportunity—and equitable outcomes. It demands us to recognize our global web of mutuality and come together to collectively address the problems ahead with humility and reciprocity. And it challenges us to realize a bold, hopeful reimagination of our social, economic, political and governance systems, with equity and interdependence at their core.Reimagine Recovery: A Playbook for an Equitable Future offers a detailed vision of such recovery, beginning in the places we work and live and extending to our largest global stages. Like much of our work at the Ford Foundation, the playbook asks: What's possible when everyone can fully participate in society and has the opportunity to shape their lives? What's possible when we follow the lead of leaders and organizations building solutions for—and with—historically excluded communities? What's possible when we shift our old ways of operating and include equity in our execution of every policy and cultivation of every movement?

America’s Abortion Quandary

May 6, 2022

A majority of Americans say abortion should be legal in all or most cases, but many are open to restrictions; many opponents of legal abortion say it should be legal in some circumstances