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Toward Equity in Guided Pathways Reforms: Lessons from California’s Career Advancement Academies

December 5, 2018

Community colleges across California are now investigating and planning Guided Pathways reforms with the goals of improving equity on their campuses and increasing the number of students completing degrees, certificates, and transfers. Some especially helpful lessons for improving equity as part of this reform effort may come from more than 30 California colleges that implemented Career Advancement Academies (CAAs).The CAAs, which were funded by the California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office from 2007 to 2017, aimed to reach and serve students who are traditionally underrepresented in higher education. They were shown to improve persistence in college and completion of system-recognized certificates and degrees among underrepresented students. This brief distills insights from that experience, aligns them with the Guided Pathways reform framework, and highlights CAA approaches that practitioners can incorporate into their reforms.

CalYOUTH Survey of Young Adults' Child Welfare Workers

May 13, 2016

This report presents the results of the CalYOUTH Survey of Young Adults' Child Welfare Workers, a survey of case workers supervising youth in extended foster care who are participating in the CalYOUTH Youth Survey. The report shares the county child welfare workers' views on how these young people are faring with the transition to adulthood, as well as their preparedness and service needs in a wide range of areas. The report also shares workers' perceptions of the availability and helpfulness of services within their county, their perceptions of court personnel's supportiveness of extended care, their satisfaction with collaboration with other systems of potential support for youth, and their views of challenges to effective implementation of extended foster care in California. The survey results highlight areas of progress and opportunities for continued improvement as California continues its development of foster care for young adults.

Findings from the California Youth Transitions to Adulthood Study (CalYOUTH): Conditions of Youth at Age 19

May 9, 2016

The "CalYOUTH Wave 2 Youth Survey", conducted when the young people participating in CalYOUTH were 19 years old, follows up on a survey of the same young people when they were approaching the age of majority in California's foster care system. More than 80 percent of the youth who took part in the baseline interviews participated in the Wave 2 survey. The report provides the most comprehensive view to date of young adults making the transition to adulthood from foster care in California, highlighting differences between young people participating in extended foster care and young people who had left care. The report provides feedback for all parties interested in improving youth's transitions from foster care to adulthood.

The State of Higher Education in California: Black Report

May 1, 2015

This report examines how the California's 2.16 million Black residents (6 percent of total population) are faring in higher education attainment compared with other racial/ethnic groups. While Black Californians have improved their education outcomes over the last couple of decades, they still experience significant opporunity gaps. The report calls for a concerted, strategic effort to produce better educational outcomes for Black students including a new statewide plan for California higher education, a redesign of pre-college level courses, re-enrollment of adults with some college but no degree, and allowing public universities to use race/ethnicity as one of many considerations in their admissions process.

Providing Foster Care for Young Adults: Early Implementation of California's Fostering Connections Act

April 29, 2013

This report examines the planning process for implementing California's Fostering Connections to Success Act, as well as the new law's early implementation. It is based on data collected from in-depth interviews with key informants who played a critical role in passage of the law, in implementation planning, or in early implementation at the county and state level and from focus groups with young people who stood to benefit directly from the legislation. Although extended foster care is likely to look different in different states, California's experience offers many lessons from which other states might learn.

Midwest Evaluation of the Adult Functioning of Former Foster Youth: Outcomes at Age 26

April 10, 2012

The Midwest Evaluation of the Adult Functioning of Former Foster Youth(Midwest Study) is a longitudinal study that has been following a sample of young people from Iowa, Wisconsin, and Illinois as they transition out of foster care into adulthood. It is a collaborative effort involving Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago; the University of Wisconsin Survey Center; and the public child welfare agencies in Illinois, Iowa, and Wisconsin.

Ethnic and Gender Differences in California High School Graduation Rates

March 1, 2009

Presents data on the disparities in graduation rates among African-American, Asian, Latino/Hispanic, and white students as well as between boys and girls within each group.

Why Students Drop Out of School: A Review of 25 Years of Research

November 7, 2008

Reviews research on the underlying causes of the high school dropout crisis -- individual and institutional characteristics that predict whether a student is likely to drop out of high school. Discusses student engagement, deviance, and other models.

What Factors Predict High School Graduation in the Los Angeles Unified School District

June 19, 2008

Analyzes longitudinal data on the educational progress of the district's 2001-02 ninth graders and compares the relative importance of factors affecting graduation rates, including failed classes, transfers, school characteristics, and demographics.

California High Schools That Beat the Odds in High School Graduation

March 28, 2008

Based on interviews with principals of schools with better graduation rates, test scores, and dropout rates compared to others of similar student composition, outlines policies and practices that contribute to high graduation rates and academic standards.

Giving a Student Voice to California's Dropout Crisis

March 1, 2008

Shares what first-year high school students find motivating or discouraging; how they view family, peer, and school factors; and how demographic characteristics, attitudes toward school, and support networks affect the odds of their dropping out.

Solving California's Dropout Crisis

February 1, 2008

Synthesizes ongoing CDRP research to outline the scope, the causes, and the costs of the state's high school dropout crisis. Proposes a policy agenda to raise the graduation rate, with separate recommendations for the state, districts, and schools.