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Towards a More Equal City: Framing the Challenges and Opportunities

October 1, 2016

Cities are growing differently today than before. As much as 70 percent of people in emerging cities in Asia, Africa and Latin America is under-served. Furthermore, cities face challenges in four areas:Highest rates of urbanization are in sub-Saharan Africa, South and Southeast AsiaUrbanization is now happening in more low-income countries than in the pastThe share of poor people living in urban areas is on the rise worldwideCities in the Global South have the fewest public resources per capitaWe need a new approach that will benefit all urban residents and create sustainable, productive cities for the 21st century. The World Resources Report (WRR) examines if prioritizing access to core urban services, we can create cities that are prosperous and sustainable for all people.This first installment of the WRR developed a new categorization of cities into emerging, struggling, thriving, and stabilizing cities. It focuses on solutions for struggling and emerging cities—over half the cities included in the analysis—because they have the greatest opportunity to alter their development trajectory.

Investment Landscape Mapping in East Asia: Integrated Coastal Management and Sustainable Development of Coasts and Oceans

November 1, 2015

This research paper seeks to understand and map current financial funding flows to integrated coastal management (ICM)-related sectors across the grants and investment capital spectrum. The range of funding comprises donors (both bilateral and multilateral), foundations, and corporate social responsibility initiatives at one end, and development finance institutions (DFI), corporations, impact investments and commercial investors, at the other.In collaboration with PEMSEA, Shujog's research identifies regional and country-level trends in ICM funding across 10 related coastal and marine sectors, and offers recommendations for increasing investments in these sectors.

Philanthropy as an Emerging Contributor to Development Cooperation

July 1, 2014

The world is at a pivotal moment for global development cooperation. While many stakeholders are brought increasingly into international development processes, philanthropy stands apart, despite the scale, ambition and potential of philanthropy's contributions to international development.A range of issues and recommendations are raised in this report, commissioned by the United Nations Development Program. Philanthropy's contributions to international development should be better measured, and there is a need for a stronger emphasis on better data overall in terms of both measuring progress, and enabling a better understanding of the range of potential grantees working on development themes.This report was commissioned by the United Nations Development Programme as a background paper for the conference International Development Cooperation: Trends and Emerging Opportunities -- Perspectives of the New Actors in Istanbul, June 2014.Disclaimer: The views presented here are the contributors' and do not necessarily reflect the views and position of the United Nations Development Programme.HighlightsIn 2011 alone, at least 300 US foundations contributed over $770 million towards MDG Goal 1 of eradicating extreme poverty and hungerRemittances sent home by migrants to developing countries are equivalent to more than three times the size of official development assistance.In 2013, India was the top destination country for officially recorded remittances ($70 billion), with the next three highest being China ($60 billion).90,000 foundations are registered in the US, with the top 1,122 foundations accounting for nearly half of all foundation giving.Were the middle classes to donate an average of 1% of their annual spending to charity by 2030, they would contribute an estimated $550 billion to civil society per year.

Asia-Pacific Aspirations: Perspectives for a Post-2015 Development Agenda, Asia-Pacific Regional MDGs Report 2012/13

January 1, 2014

Asia and the Pacific has made good progress towards the MDGs, though the region will still need to make greater efforts if it is to meet some important targets. Now it has the opportunity to set its sights higher when considering priorities for a post-2015 framework.

Installment 2 of "Creating a Sustainable Food Future": Reducing Food Loss and Waste

June 5, 2013

Approximately one out of every four calories grown to feed people is not ultimately consumed by humans. Food is lost and wasted to a varying extent across the globe, across all stages of the food value chain, and across all types of food. As a result, overall global food availability is lower than it would be otherwise, negatively affecting food security and requiring the planet's agriculture system to produce additional food to compensate for the food that is not ultimately consumed by people. The potential benefits of reducing food loss and waste are large. As a strategy for closing the food gap between food available today and food needed in 2050 to adequately feed the planet's projected 9.3 billion people, reducing food loss and waste satisfies each of the development and environmental criteria we introduced in the first installment of the Creating a Sustainable Food Future series. While increasing food availability, reducing food loss and waste can alleviate poverty and provide gender benefits while reducing pressure on ecosystems, climate, and water. Reducing food loss and waste may be one of those rare multiple "win-win" strategies.How can the world go about reducing food loss and waste on a large scale? This installment of the forthcoming "World Resources Report Creating a Sustainable Food Future" addresses that question. This working paper, which will feed into that report, begins by clarifying definitions of food loss and waste, then quantifies the scale of the problem and explores the impact addressing the problem could have on the food gap. The paper then focuses on practical solutions for reducing food loss and waste and presents case studies of successful initiatives. It concludes by offering recommendations for how to scale up reductions in food loss and waste.

Installment 1 of Creating a Sustainable Food Future: The Great Balancing Act

May 29, 2013

During 2013 and 2014, WRI is releasing on a rolling basis a series of "Creating a Sustainable Food Future" working paper installments. Each installment will analyze a menu item from our proposed "menu for a sustainable food future" and recommend policies and other measures for implementation. The series will not, however, cover all menu items. Questions each installment will consider include:What is the menu item?How big an impact could it make in food availability, economic development, and environmental benefits?Where might the menu item be most applicable?What are the three to five most promising, practical, and scalable approaches for achieving this menu item?What are the obstacles -- economic, political, technical, or other -- to implementing these approaches?How can these obstacles be overcome?What "bright spots" of success exist, and what can be learned from them?Each installment will be coauthored by its own cohort of WRI researchers, WRR partners, and renowned experts. Authors will engage representatives from target audiences during the research and writing phases. After the series has concluded, WRI will consolidate the installments into a final World Resources Report. To avoid overlap with upcoming installments, this first working paper does not cover many of the issues that may be important for the food-development-environment nexus. For instance, it does not cover international investments in agricultural land ("land grabs"); the merits of small-scale versus large-scale agricultural systems; the influence of land tenure, property rights, and generational succession laws and norms on agricultural productivity; and policies for providing access to clean energy services for agriculture. Future installments will address some of these issues. Many of the analyses in this series are global in nature and use global datasets. We recognize that they may not fully account for the ethical, cultural, and socioeconomic factors of specific locations. Moreover, the menu for a sustainable food future is designed for the long term; it is not a menu for tackling acute, near-term food shortage crises.

Millennium Development Goals: Status Report for Kenya 2011

August 1, 2012

Kenya initiated bold economic and structural reforms from 2003 when the NARC government came to power. The economy made remarkable recovery over the 2003-2007 as real Gross Domestic Product grew from 2.9% in 2003 to about 7.1% in 2007. On average the real GDP grew by 5.3% over the period despite adverse effects of drought and high oil prices. Industrial output expanded by an average of 5.3%, the services sector also expanded by 5.3% while the underlying inflation remained at the target of 5.0 % with poverty declining from 53.6% in 2000 to 45.9% in 2005/6. However, real GDP growth slowed to 1.6% in 2008 as a result of both domestic and external shocks, which included postelection violence, drought, high food and fuel prices and the global financial crisis.

Water in the Green Economy: Capacity Development Aspects

May 1, 2012

This book discusses needs related to capacity development for water resources management, including water supply and sanitation, in the context of the green economy. It showcases theoretical and practical approaches with proven success. Most contributions come from members and partners within the interagency mechanism, UN-Water. The 11 case studies in this book range from innovative design and delivery of capacity development programs related to water in the green economy, market mechanisms, and quality control procedures supporting capacity development success towards the practical implementation of programs to enhance individual and institutional capacity.

Rethinking Sanitation: Lessons and Innovation for Sustainability and Success in the New Millennium

January 1, 2006

This report highlights some of the key lessons learned from the past about sustainable sanitation solutions, new thinking emerging from consolidated learning and innovative experimentation on-the-ground, and some of the conditions necessary for success if real improvements in sanitation are to be achieved and sustained in rural and urban areas. Special attention is placed on the shift from supply-led sanitation projects to demand-led and market-oriented projects. The report concludes that with much deeper attention and broadened interest in sanitation, a more realistic view of the complexity, time, resources and effort needed to meet the challenge of large-scale sustainable changes in sanitation at the household level.

Making Global Trade Work for People

January 1, 2003

Identifies and explores the main concerns raised by developing country governments and civil society organizations, and makes proposals for reform that could help ensure that the global trade regime consistently works for human development.