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State of the Union: The Poverty and Inequality Report 2016

February 11, 2016

The Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality (CPI), one of the country's three federally-funded poverty centers, is a nonpartisan organization dedicated to monitoring trends in poverty and inequality, examining what is driving those trends, and developing science-based policy on poverty and inequality. We present here our third annual report examining the "state of the union" on poverty, inequality, and labor market outcomes.The purpose of establishing this annual series of reports is to ensure that critical facts on poverty and inequality enjoy the same visibility as other indicators of the country's health. There are of course all manner of analyses that take on separately such issues as poverty, employment, income inequality, health inequality, economic mobility, or educational access. This report instead provides a unified analysis that brings together evidence across these and other domains and thus allows for a comprehensive assessment of where the country stands.

State of the States: The Poverty and Inequality Report

February 2, 2015

This report documents trends across eight key domains and evaluates their implications for efforts to reduce poverty and inequality and equalize opportunity. This report provides a unified analysis that brings together evidence across eight key domains, thereby allowing a global assessment of where problems exist, where achievements are evident, and how a coordinated effort to reduce poverty and equalize opportunity might be undertaken. This report is focused on state-level variation in key poverty and inequality outcomes, a focus that is motivated by the country's long-standing commitment to a decentralized approach to school policy, safety net policy, housing policy, and even labor market policy. This decentralization has allowed states to develop their own constellation of institutions and practices that may in turn result in very differentpoverty and inequality profiles.

The Essence of Innocence: Consequences of Dehumanizing Black Children

March 1, 2014

This research, consisting of four studies of police officers and college students, finds that Black boys as young as 10 may not be viewed in the same light of childhood innocence as their white peers. Instead, they are more likely to be mistaken as older, be perceived as guilty, and face police violence if accused of a crime. The research provides evidence that these racial disparities are predicted by the implicit dehumanization of Blacks.

Age Disparities in Unemployment and Reemployment During the Great Recession and Recovery

May 15, 2012

Analyzes patterns in the percentage of workers unemployed at any point between May 2008 and March 2011, number of months they were unemployed, wage losses at reemployment, and likelihood of workers leaving the labor force by age group.

The Widening Academic Achievement Gap Between the Rich and the Poor: New Evidence and Possible Explanations

February 8, 2012

Analyzes growth in income inequality and the "income achievement gap" in test scores of children in high- and low-income families over fifty years. Examines parents' education and investment in cognitive development as factors in children's achievement.

A Very Uneven Road: US Labor Markets in the Past 30 Years

October 31, 2011

Compares wages, employment, and earnings during the 1979-82, 1989-92, 2000-03, and 2007-10 economic peaks and recessions by gender, education, region, and sector. Examines variations, patterns, and structural changes and projects a gradual recovery.

Whose Schools Are Failing?

August 2, 2011

Persistent school segregation does not mean just that children of dierent racial and ethnic backgrounds attend dierent schools, but that their schools are also unequal in their students' performance. This study documents nationally the extent of disparities in student performance between schools attended by whites and Asians compared to blacks, Hispanics, and Native Americans. The analysis shows that a focus solely on schools at the bottom of the distribution as in No Child Left Behind would only modestly reduce the wide disparities between groups.

Lessons From the 2007 Legal Arizona Workers Act

March 14, 2011

Considers the effectiveness of a state work authorization verification system in reducing illegal immigration and employment and improving outcomes for authorized workers, as well as economic and societal costs and potential role for employer sanctions.

Leaves That Pay: Employer and Worker Experiences With Paid Family Leave in California

January 15, 2011

Assesses awareness and usage of the state's paid family leave program and its impact on employees, especially low-wage and female workers as well as parents; employees' families; employers; and productivity and retention rates. Recommends improvements.

Teacher Mobility, School Segregation, and Pay-Based Policies to Level the Playing Field

May 1, 2010

Analyzes the effectiveness of using salary differentials to help schools serving disadvantaged students attract and retain highly qualified teachers. Examines teachers' responses to salary incentives and school characteristics by qualifications.

Broken Laws, Unprotected Workers: Violations of Employment and Labor Laws in America's Cities

September 1, 2009

Based on a survey of low-wage workers in Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York, examines the prevalence of workplace violations by employer, job, and worker characteristics, including gender and nativity. Calls for a policy agenda to protect workers' rights.

Asian Americans and the 2008 Election

October 6, 2008

Presents results of a survey of Asian Americans' views on the 2008 election and political participation. Examines candidate preferences, issues of concern, and percentages of likely voters, by party affiliation, voting record, ethnic group, and state.