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Kids’ Share 2022: Report on Federal Expenditures on Children through 2021 and Future Projections

September 29, 2022

Public spending on children represents an effort to invest in the nation's future. Investments supporting children's healthy development and human potential can promote their well-being and help them grow into the next generation of adults and workers, leading to a stronger workforce and economy.To inform policymakers, children's advocates, and the general public about how public funds are spent on children, this 16th edition of the annual Kids' Share report provides an updated analysis of federal expenditures on children from 1960 to 2021. It also offers an updated view of public expenditures made in response to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Projections of federal expenditures on children through 2032 give a sense of how budget priorities are scheduled to unfold over the longer term under current law.

Earning Income in the Sharing/On-Demand Economy

October 3, 2016

Until 2015, we knew very little about the work and workers in the sharing/on-demand economy. Indeed, the last official government survey of the broader contingent workforce was conducted in 2005 -- long before most of these new platforms or apps even existed. However, in the last year, our understanding has advanced dramatically, thanks to the release of a few key pieces of research, including: the JPMorgan Chase Institute study, "Paychecks, Paydays and the Online Platform Economy;" Lawrence Katz and Alan Krueger's "The Rise and Nature of Alternative Work Arrangements in the United States, 1995-2015;" work by Intuit and Emergent Research, "Dispatches from the New Economy: The On-Demand Economy Workforce;" and others. However, while these and other studies have revealed a great deal about the work and workers in the sharing/on-demand economy, there is still much we need to understand. This paper aims to lay out what we know about the sharing/on-demand economy and define questions for additional research. This paper is meant to be a resource for public and private research organizations, foundations, government agencies, and other parties interested in promoting a more thorough understanding of the sharing/on-demand economy workforce, including its relationship to the broader contingent workforce.

The Cost of Crisis-Driven Fiscal Policy

October 12, 2013

Current fiscal policy is unsustainable and large, prospective deficits and debt, driven by "mandatory" spending on social benefits for the aging population and insufficient revenues, pose an eventual threat to the U.S. economy. Yet partisan divided government has failed to address this long-run problem sensibly, instead encouraging policy that is short-sighted, arbitrary, and driven by calendar-based crises. These policies have: · Saddled a still-struggling economy with the "fiscal drag" of a contraction in discretionary spending. · Created general uncertainty about fiscal policy that, through its impact on financial markets, has undermined economic growth. · Forced the first prolonged shutdown of the federal government since the first term of the Clinton Administration. · Failed to raise the federal debt ceiling in a timely manner, conjuring the specter of a sovereign default, with all its financial and economic fallout. Results developed here suggest that the recent fiscal drag, in combination with heightened fiscal uncertainty, has slowed the annualized rate of growth in the nation's Gross Domestic Product by as much as 1 percentage point since 2010. And while the government shutdown is, for now, more economic inconvenience than catastrophe, the consequences stemming from the failure to increase the debt ceiling could cause the next recession, even if the U.S. does not default on its debt.

NTI Nuclear Materials Security Index: Building a Framework for Assurance, Accountability, and Action

January 11, 2012

Ranks security practices and conditions of nuclear materials in 176 countries, including those without weapons-grade material. Calls for international dialog on priorities, benchmarking, holding states accountable, and strengthening state stewardship.

Bundling Payment for Episodes of Hospital Care: Issues and Recommendations for the New Pilot Program in Medicare

July 18, 2011

Outlines the 2010 healthcare reform's provision to launch a pilot project for bundling Medicare payments around hospitalization episodes of care, the rationale for hospital episode bundling, and guidance on designing an effective pilot program.

Budgeting for Growth and Prosperity: A Long-Term Plan to Balance the Budget, Grow the Economy, and Strengthen the Middle Class

May 23, 2011

Proposes reducing the deficit by investing in education, infrastructure, and technology; spending more efficiently; bolstering the social safety net; containing healthcare costs; simplifying the tax code; and raising gas and financial transaction taxes.

Getting Back in the Black

November 10, 2010

Details the commission's medium- and long-term recommendations for reforming the federal budget process and stabilizing the debt, including a Sustainable Debt Act, a credible multiyear budget plan, strong enforcement mechanisms, and greater transparency.

Red Ink Rising: A Call to Action to Stem the Mounting Federal Debt

December 14, 2009

Outlines the risks of high levels of national debt and recommends immediate steps to stabilize the debt over the medium term with specific policies, annual targets with an automatic enforcement mechanism, and a longer-tem commitment to further reductions.

Comparing the Cost and Coverage Impacts of the House and Senate Leadership Health Reform Bills: Long Term Costs for Governments, Employers, Families and Providers

December 9, 2009

Compares the projected effects of the House and Senate healthcare reform bills on coverage and spending for the federal, state, and local governments; private employers, consumers; and providers through 2029, including penalties and new taxes.

Long-Term Cost of the America's Healthy Future Act of 2009; As Passed by the Senate Finance Committee

October 30, 2009

Estimates the impact of the Senate Finance Committee's healthcare reform bill on health insurance coverage rates and net spending by federal, state, and local government with offsets; private employers; and families of various ages from 2010 through 2019.

Leadership and Shared Purpose for America's Future

November 5, 2008

This report summarizes what CED calls its "unfinished agenda." At the top of this list are heath care reform, controlling our budget, trade, and savings deficits, reforming our entitlement programs, and investing in new infrastructure such as early education, sustainable energy, and the environment. We are pleased to have the financial support of the Peter G. Peterson Foundation to underwrite our efforts to enlist more American business leaders to support this reform agenda.

The State of the Union's Finances: A Citizen's Guide to the Financial Condition of the United States Government

July 9, 2008

Provides an overview of federal spending and deficit projections, structural problems with the budget process, and the risks of ever-growing deficits. Calls for budget controls and reforms of entitlement programs and spending and tax policies.