September 1, 2012
Place matters for health in important ways, according to a growing body of research. Differences in neighborhood conditions powerfully predict who is healthy, who is sick, and who lives longer. And because of patterns of residential segregation, these differences are the fundamental causes of health inequities among different racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic groups.This report provides a summary of the analysis of the range of social, economic, and environmental conditions that exist in selected Place Matters communities and documents their relationship to the health status of the residents. The study finds that social, economic, and environmental conditions in low-income and non-white neighborhoods make it moredifficult for people in these neighborhoods to live healthy lives. The overall pattern in the series of Community Health Equity Reports, as this summary makes clear, suggests that we need to tackle the structures and systems that create and perpetuate inequality to fully close racial and ethnic health gaps. Accordingly, because the Joint Center seeks not only to document these inequities, we are committed to helping remedy them.