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The Brookings Sanctions Tracker

March 14, 2022

The world's democracies are employing financial and economic countermeasures in the fight against Russia's invasion of Ukraine on Feb. 24. The extent of these sanctions is staggering. To analyze the scope and potential impact of these sanctions, it is essential to systematically monitor and track them—which is why we are launching the Brookings Sanctions Tracker.  Our goal is for this tracker to serve as a timely and user-friendly tool for civil society organizations, policymakers, and others who seek to analyze the current landscape of specific restrictive measures imposed against Russia (both on an individual nation basis and across the international community), generate analysis on trends and gaps, and inform recommendations on how to combat corruption, advance accountability, and defend democracy.  

States with Lower Gun Ownership and Strong Gun Laws Have Lowest Suicide Rates (2021)

September 8, 2021

Released during National Suicide Prevention Awareness Month, this report dataset presents overall suicide as well as gun suicides rates state by state, revealing the decisive role played by firearms in suicide attempts. The analysis identified the three states with the highest and lowest overall suicide rates in 2019 and included for each state its gun suicide rate, total number of suicides and gun suicides, percentage of suicides that involved a gun, and household gun ownership.

Improving Access to Palliative Care Special Collection (Archived)

August 4, 2021

The Improving Access to Palliative Care Special Collection was available as a searchable online collection from 2014 until 2021. This collection was made possible by The Atlantic Philanthropies. A bibliography detailing the contents of the collection follows this archive description. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Archived date: August 4, 2021Collection title: Improving Access to Palliative Care Special CollectionCollection URL: https://palliativecare.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2014-2021Title count: 119 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterDescription: Will you get the care you need when you face a serious illness? It depends on who you are and where you live. This collection brings together evidence and insights about the millions of people worldwide who are denied access to palliative care and what organizations are doing to help them.Themes:"Who Is Affected?" - People with Addictions; People with Cancer; People with Chronic Illness; People with Dementia; People at the End of Life; People with HIV/AIDS; People with Mental Illness; People in Pain; People Living in Underserved Countries; People Living in Underserved Regions; People Living in Rural Communities; People in an Assisted Living Facility; People in a Community-based Care Setting; People in an Elderly Care Facility; People in a Home-based Care Setting; People in a Homeless Shelter; People in Hospice; People in a Hospital; People in Prison; People with a Disability"What Are Common Barriers?" - Racial and Ethnic Discrimination; Gender and Sexuality Discrimination; Age Discrimination; Cultural & Religious Discrimination; Illiteracy; Lack of Legal Recognition; Language Barriers; Medical Staff Discrimination/Ignorance; Drug Costs; Inadequate Funding; Payment Structures; Poverty; Eligibility Criteria; Time Limits on Care; Distance to Services; Drug Availability; Insufficient Palliative Care Staff/Physicians; Lack of Facilities/Beds; Lack of Medical Equipment; Lack of Psychosocial Care; Lack of Coordination Between Providers; Lack of Government Coordination; Lack of Referrals or Late Referrals; Limited Patient Data Tracking Systems; Overly Restrictive Drug Policies/Laws; Fear of Addiction; Lack of Knowledge About Palliative Care Options; Lack of Understanding About Conditions; Poor Communication Between Providers & Patients"What Are Some Recommended Solutions?" - Additional Research on Attitudes Towards Palliative Care; Additional Research on Models of Care; Additional Research on Needs of Specific Communities or Populations; Additional Research on the Value of Hospice and Palliative Care; Bereavement Support; Caregiver Support and Engagement; Greater Availability of Pain-relief Drugs; Psychosocial Support; Alternative Payment Structures; Community Education About the Need for Advanced Care Planning; Greater Trust and Awareness Through Existing Leaders; Increased Community Awareness About Palliative Care Options; Cultural Brokerage Services; Staff with Similar Demographics as Clients; Translation Services; Better Tracking of Patient Data and Preferences; Greater Knowledge Sharing; Stronger Referral Networks and Systems; Greater Community Engagement and Partnership; Greater Coordination Between Providers; Integration into Community-based Settings; Integration Into Disease Control Strategies; Integration Into Home-care Systems; National Palliative Care Policies; Recognition of Legal Rights of Specific Populations; Recognition of Palliative Care as a Human Right; Reform of Drug Control Regulations; Palliative Care Training for Medical Staff; Train Staff in Culturally Sensitive Care

OER Research Special Collection (Archived)

August 3, 2021

The OER (Open Education Resources) Research Special Collection was available as a searchable online collection from 2008 until 2021. This document includes a bibliography detailing the contents of the collection. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Archived date: August 3, 2021Collection title: OER Research Special CollectionCollection URL: https://oer.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2008-2021Title count: 70 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterPhoto credit: "Reflections on the new Machine Age — technology, inequality and the economy" (https://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/16620787618/)  by Steve Jurvetson (https://www.flickr.com/photos/jurvetson/) licensed under CC BY 2.0.Description: The body of work collected here represents the combined efforts of organizations worldwide. As the Open Educational Resources movement has grown, so has the body of research being produced on the topic. We invite you to engage with the new discoveries and analyses that this collection has to offer.Collection Themes: Case Studies; Evaluations; General - Open Access; Intellectual Property and Digital Rights; Open Access Textbooks; Presentations; Simulations; Surveys

Risk and Philanthropy Special Collection (Archived)

August 3, 2021

The Risk and Philanthropy Special Collection was available as a searchable online collection from 2016 until 2021. The collection made possible by Open Road Alliance. This document includes a bibliography detailing the contents of the collection. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Archived date: August 3, 2021Collection title: Risk and Philanthropy Special CollectionCollection URL: https:// riskandphilanthropy.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2016-2021Title count: 75 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterPhoto/illustration: Creator unknown Description: There is no shortage of talk about the need for foundations to be bold and to take meaningful risks in the name of social change. Add to that the social investment literature that understands risk, and the management of risk, through a return on investment lens. But what is often missing from this discussion are the support and tools for foundations to walk the talk of risk-taking; to anticipate, manage, tolerate, and mitigate risk, close up. This special collection gathers in one place the reports, case studies, thought pieces, and the all too rare toolkit addressing this topic; offering a picture of how philanthropic organizations talk - and don't talk - about the risks inherent to their work.Collection Themes:"Types of Risk" - Financial Risk; Impact Risk; Reputational Risk"Perspectives on Risk" - Risk and Compliance; Risk and Return; Risk and the Role of Philanthropy"Working with Risk" - Assessing Risk; Communicating About Risk; Funding Innovation; Learning from Failure; Mitigating Risk; Tolerating Risk 

Funding Capacity Special Collection (Archived)

August 2, 2021

The Funding Capacity Special Collection was available as a searchable online collection from 2015 until 2021. The collection was made possible by Open Society Foundations (OSF). This document includes a bibliography detailing the contents of the collection. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Archived date: July 30, 2021Collection title: Funding Capacity Special CollectionCollection URL: https://fundingcapacity.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2015-2021Title count: 141 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterIllustration: Untitled, by Foundation CenterDescription: Capacity building can carry many different meanings, but at its heart, it represents an investment aimed at strengthening effectiveness. This special collection gathers the experience and insights of foundations and nonprofits who have made just this kind of investment. The collection builds on topics explored in the new GrantCraft guide "Supporting Grantee Capacity", including approaches to field-building, working with technical assistance providers and consultants, and assessing the impact of capacity building initiatives.Collection Themes: "Topics" - Advocacy & Communications Capacity; Assessing Impact; Field-Building; Funder Capacity & Collaborations; General Operating Support; Governance & Strategic Planning Capacity; Human Capital Capacity; Non-Monetary Support; Research & Evaluation Capacity; Technical Assistance Providers & Consultants

Funding Intermediaries Special Collection (Archived)

August 2, 2021

The Funding Intermediaries Special Collection was available as a searchable online collection from 2016 until 2021. The collection was made possible by PEAK Grantmaking. This document includes a bibliography detailing the contents of the collection. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Archived date: July 30, 2021Collection title: Funding Intermediaries Special CollectionCollection URL: https://intermediaries.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2016-2021Title count: 56 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterIllustration: Untitled, by Foundation CenterDescription: When grantmakers use intermediary organizations, or "regranters", they generally do so to expand their capacity or broaden their expertise. But what impact do intermediaries have on grantmaking practices? There are both promising opportunities as well as pitfalls to working with intermediaries, and this IssueLab collection aims to inform grantmakers about both.Collection Themes:"Working With Intermediaries" - Best Practices; The Funder-Intermediary Relationship"What Intermediaries Do" - Capacity Building; Evaluation & Outcome Measurement; Regranting; Technical Assistance; International Grantmaking; Backbone Support; Relationship Building; Government Collaboration"Where They Work: Case Studies" - Arts; Community & Economic Development; LGBTQI; Youth Development

Disconnected Youth Special Collection (Archived)

July 30, 2021

The Disconnected Youth Special Collection was available as a searchable online collection from 2016 until 2021. See "Special Collection on Disconnected Youth: Summary Brief" for collection methodology and a scoping summary. This document includes a bibliography detailing the contents of the collection. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Archived date: July 30, 2021Collection title: Disconnected Youth Special CollectionCollection URL: https://disconnectedyouth.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2016-2021Title count: 142 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterPhoto credit: Richard Ross, "Families Unlocking Futures: Solutions to the Crisis in Juvenile Justice" (https://issuelab.org/permalink/resource/25544)Description: For too many young people the transition to adulthood is characterized by isolation, joblessness, and a lack of educational opportunity or connection to caring community. In a far-reaching effort to help disconnected youth, nonprofits, foundations, and government agencies across the U.S. are providing support in the form of shelters, job training, mentorship, college prep, job placement, and mental and reproductive health services. But in order to achieve success it is clear that these efforts require greater alignment and coordination. This special collection gathers the many lessons being learned in the field; lessons about the challenges in meeting the needs of disconnected youth and the promise of both new and more proven approaches. Collection Themes:Affected Community: Girls; Boys; Homeless Youth; African Americans; System-involved Youth; Latin-Americans; Immigrants & Migrants; Native Americans; Foster & Adoptive ChildrenProgram Type: Juvenile Re-entry; Shelter & Residential Care; Family Services; Job Placement; Job Training; Secondary Education; Student Retention; College Preparation; Parent Education; Reproductive Health Services; Mental Health Services; Permanence; Youth Development; Youth Engagement; Transition Planning; Youth MentoringFunding Source: Federal Government; State Government; PhilanthropyCommon Obstacles: Insufficient Funding; Lack of Capacity; Programmatic Silos; Insufficient Data or KnowledgePromising Approaches: Cross-system Integration; Pooling Funds; Cultural Competency; Community Connectedness; Racial Equity Lens; Cradle to College; Post-Program Support; Justice System Reform; Educational System Reform; Foster Care System Reform

Multi-party Advocacy Special Collection (Archived)

July 30, 2021

The Multi-party Advocacy Special Collection was available as a searchable online collection from 2016 until 2021. The collection was a joint project of IssueLab and the Atlas Learning Project. This document includes a bibliography detailing the contents of the collection. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Archived date: July 30, 2021Collection title: Multi-party Advocacy Special CollectionCollection URL: https://fundingadvocacy.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2016-2021Title count: 52 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterPhoto credit: "Group Discussion - Flipped Learning" by Michael Coghlan, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 Generic (CC BY-SA 2.0)Description: For many foundations, collaboration is key to advocating for policy and practice change. But these kinds of partnerships can be challenging to execute well. "Sticking points", like conflicts over decision-making power or competition for resources, can derail advocacy-focused efforts and make even the most earnest collaborator wary. This collection brings together 40+ reports and reflection pieces about multi-party advocacy efforts; providing valuable perspective on both the sticking points and how we might move through them. The collection was created as a complement to a related set of resources on the same topic from our sister site, GrantCraft (https://grantcraft.org/content-series/advocacy-funder-collaboratives).Collection Themes: "Sticking Points" - Decision Making Power; Conflicting Agendas; Group-Think; Knowledge Sharing; Funder Engagement; Management Structure; Competition for Resources

Arts Education Special Collection (Archived)

July 29, 2021

The arts education special collection was available as a searchable online collection at https://artsed.issuelab.org from 2008 until 2021. A bibliography detailing the contents of the collection is available to download. Titles continue to be accessible via www.issuelab.org.Collection title: Arts Education Special CollectionCollection URL: https://artsed.issuelab.orgAvailability: 2008-2021Title count: 164 titlesCreator: IssueLab, a service of Foundation CenterPhoto credit: "Arles in Black 2013" (https://bit.ly/2Vi5HQn) by x1klima (https://www.flickr.com/photos/x1klima) licensed under CC BY-ND 2.0.Description: In recent years many school districts have had to restructure their arts curriculums to meet the growing emphasis on standards that is central to most school reform. This unique collection  is meant to assist educators, policymakers, grantmakers and other stakeholders by focusing on the potential benefits of arts education for students and communities alike, and providing examples of creative ways school districts are handling their constraints.Themes: Classroom Examples; Community Outcomes; Funding Trends; Program Models; Student Outcomes

The Climate and Community Investment Act: An Engine for Good Job Creation

May 14, 2021

For NY Renews, our hundreds of allied organizations, and tens of thousands of supporters statewide, the answer is clear: we rebuild our economy by jumpstarting the just transition to renewable energy and investing in our communities--especially disadvantaged communities hit first and worst by both Covid-19 and the climate crisis; we enact the Climate and Community Investment Act (CCIA) in New York and pass the Transform, Heal, and Renew by Investing in a Vibrant Economy (THRIVE) Act in Congress.Just as the CCIA will cut climate and air pollution, it will send ripples of investment throughout the economy. By supporting worker training, fueling small and large-scale infrastructure projects, electrifying our state's energy production, providing direct rebates to up to 60% of New Yorkers, and jump-starting community-driven climate solutions, the policy will invigorate many sectors of New York's economy.To be conservative in its estimates, this report analyzed two areas of the CCIA's spending that will create significant calculable new jobs in New York either because they replace expenditures out of state for fossil fuel or because they replace or expand employment in more labor and value intensive sectors of the economy: the CCIA's Climate Jobs and Infrastructure Fund and the Community Just Transition Fund.

Licensing A Legacy

December 8, 2020

Hair braiding is a profession largely by and for Black women.  It represents an integral part of many African cultures and is a part of cultural heritage for African women.  For many African immigrant women, hair braiding is also the most marketable skill and accessible employment to support their families here and back home. However, working as a hair braider is not as simple as one might think.  African immigrant hair braiders are a marginalized workforce facing numerous challenges, including regulatory and structural barriers to practicing their craft.  Most have not been able to obtain the Natural Hair Styling license, which is required by the State to do their work. Our report sheds light on these issues and lays out recommendations to make the license more accessible.The report is the culmination of a Participatory Action Research project that centered on the leadership of African hair braiders.  ACT conducted nearly 350 surveys, three focus groups, and interviews with braiders.  Our research found that surveyed hair braiders want licenses and feel the pressure and fear of being unlicensed: they are concerned about the fact that they are unlicensed, which leaves them vulnerable to theft of services and penalties from authorities for license violations. Our data also show that the State licensing process imposes significant barriers on braiders who want to obtain a Natural Hair Styling license. Most braiders lack information about the requirements to apply for the license. Barriers like language access, literacy, and the time and cost of training programs put the license out of reach for most braiders. The report details policy recommendations to improve African hair braiders' access to licensure, including improving access to information about the license, revising the course and examination requirements, streamlining the process by which braiders can document prior experience, and more.