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Las universidades públicas de Argentina como instituciones clave para la reducción del consumo de productos de origen animal: Actores, intereses y prácticas involucradas para lograr el compromiso de incorporar menús 100% vegetales en sus comedores estudiantiles

June 15, 2022

¿Qué cuestiones prácticas hay que tener en cuenta si se desea que los comedores de las universidades públicas de Argentina sirvan comida vegetariana, o mejor aún, basada en plantas? ¿Qué medidas prácticas se pueden tomar para que esto ocurra y se mantenga a largo plazo? ¿Servir comidas vegetarianas puede ahorrar dinero a las universidades, reducir el impacto medioambiental y ayudar a los estudiantes a adoptar una dieta vegetariana?Los temas clave que se tratan en este informe son (1) Funcionamiento de los comedores universitarios. (2) Presupuestos de los comedores universitarios, con un análisis del presupuesto de la Universidad de La Plata. (3) Reglamentos de los comedores (por ejemplo, quiénes los integran y cómo se toman decisiones). (4) Usuarios de los comedores (por ejemplo, si están interesados en las comidas vegetarianas/basadas en plantas). (5) Relevancia para otras comunidades (por ejemplo, el programa "Argentina contra el hambre"). (6) La necesidad de tener en cuenta la cocción, la calidad y el sabor de la comida. (7) Estrategias de comunicación para que la oferta de comida vegetariana en los comedores universitarios sea un éxito (por ejemplo, hacer que la elección de la comida vegetariana sea sencilla y visible para los usuarios de los comedores, que no sientan que tienen que revisar información compleja, o haya una motivación específica para cambiar sus hábitos; hacer que la comida vegetariana sea la opción por defecto y no una opción). (9) Estrategias para mantener el interés por la comida vegetariana en los comedores universitarios y reducir el consumo de carne a lo largo del tiempo (por ejemplo, presentar la comida basada en plantas como una forma de mitigar el cambio climático, contribuir a la soberanía alimentaria, reducir el desperdicio de alimentos, apoyar a las minorías culturales y religiosas). (10) Infografía sobre el impacto medioambiental si los comedores universitarios ofrecen menús basados en plantas.

Public universities in Argentina as critical institutions for reducing animal food product consumption: Actors, interests, and practices involved in achieving a commitment to incorporate 100% vegetable menus in their student canteens

June 15, 2022

What practical issues should one consider if one wants canteens in public universities in Argentina to serve vegetarian food? What practical steps can one take to make this happen and to sustain it for the long term? Can serving vegetarian meals save universities money, reduce environmental impacts, and help students adopt a vegetarian diet?Key topics covered in this report include: (1) Operations of university canteens. (2) Budgets of university canteens, with an analysis of the budget of the University of La Plata. (3) Canteen regulations (e.g. who make them). (4) Users of canteens (e.g. are they interested in vegetarian /plant-based meals). (5) Relevance for other communities (e.g. "Argentina against Hunger"). (6) The need to consider the cooking, quality, and taste of the food. (7) Communication strategies to make offering vegetarian food in university canteens a success (e.g. make the choice of vegetarian food simple and easily visible to canteen users so they do not feel that they have to review complex information or change their habit; make vegetarian food the default rather than an option). (9) Strategies to sustain interest in vegetarian foods in university canteens and reduce meat consumption over time (e.g. present plant-based food as a way to mitigate climate change, contribute to food sovereignty, reduce food waste, support cultural and religious minorities). (10) Infographics of environmental impacts if university canteens offer plant-based menus.

CAF America Survey, Volume 8: Lessons in Disaster Philanthropy

November 16, 2021

In its eighth COVID-19 survey conducted in August 2021, CAF America polled 436 charitable organizations operating in 5 countries (Brazil, Argentina, Russia, India, and South Africa) to report on their current status and outlook for the future.This report takes account of diverse nonprofits, nearly all of which remain operational, to identify what had to change in their operating context, their relationships with donors, and their approach to achieving their mission to be able to support their communities during the past year.The survey prompted respondents to reflect on the impact the pandemic has had on their work and share their present vision for an uncertain future.Donors can use this current, cross-sectional snapshot of nonprofits worldwide to inform their giving strategies as they reimagine their roles in supporting their partners' efforts to build and reinforce their organizational resilience.Building on the insights corporate donors shared in the fourth volume of this series, excerpts from recent interviews will provide readers a window into how the pandemic is shaping the future of corporate philanthropy.

Surveillance Tech in Latin America: Made Abroad, Deployed at Home

August 8, 2021

Tools to identify, single out, and track us everywhere we go are inherently incompatible with our human rights and civil liberties. Unfortunately, many Latin American governments are eagerly purchasing this technology and ramping up the implementation of mass biometric surveillance — even as the movement to ban technology for biometric surveillance gains traction worldwide. Meanwhile, the companies supplying the tech are flying under the radar, selling surveillance technology that is deployed across Latin America without sufficient transparency or public scrutiny. Our latest report, Surveillance Tech In Latin America: Made Abroad, Deployed At Home, exposes the companies behind these dangerous products and the government policies and practices that are undermining people's rights.As we highlight in the report, most of the biometric surveillance tech deployed in Latin America is acquired directly or indirectly from companies in Asia (Israel, China, and Japan), Europe (U.K. and France), and the U.S. They include AnyVision, Hikvision, Dahua, Cellebrite, Huawei, ZTE, NEC, IDEMIA, and VERINT, among others. These companies have a duty to respect human rights, yet their tools are often implicated in human rights violations perpetrated against civil society globally — journalists, activists, human rights defenders, lawyers, and members of targeted and oppressed groups. Latin America has a long history of persecuting dissidents and people in marginalized communities, and authorities continue to abuse public power. The COVID-19 pandemic has now given governments a new excuse to deploy dangerous surveillance tools in the name of public safety, even as they fail to protect human rights. The bottom line: the backroom deals pursued in countries like Argentina, Brazil, and Ecuador are exposing the public to unacceptable risk. Our report, a research collaboration with our partners at Asociación por los Derechos Civiles (ADC), the Laboratório de Políticas Públicas e Internet (LAPIN), and LaLibre.net (Tecnologías Comunitarias), not only documents the agreements to procure dangerous technology, it also presents case studies to show how the technology is deployed. Finally, we offer recommendations for government, companies, and other stakeholders to increase transparency and prevent rights violations. 

Alimentación y Cultura en Argentina: Percepciones sobre dietas basadas en plantas, estigmatización del veganismo y desafíos actuales del activismo para reducir (y terminar) con el consumo de animales.

April 20, 2020

Para discutir el tema de la reducción del consumo de carne, primero debemos revisar la forma en que las personas conciben a los animales. Almirón y Tafalla (2019) afirman que la única manera de contribuir al medio ambiente es a través de la ética y la consideración hacia los demás animales. Lo examiné en mi tesis doctoral y lo actualicé con las situaciones y problemas por los que atraviesa Argentina en la actualidad.El consumo de carne responde principalmente a las representaciones sociales existentes (y circulantes) de los animales que la gente considera comestibles. ¿Qué son las representaciones sociales (RS)? Las RS son un conocimiento espontáneo e ingenuo, comúnmente llamado sentido común (a diferencia del conocimiento científico). Este conocimiento se forma a partir de nuestras experiencias y de la información que recibimos y transmitimos a través de las tradiciones, la educación y la comunicación social. Se trata, pues, de un conocimiento socialmente elaborado ycompartido (Jodelet, citado por Araya Umaña, 2002). Entendemos las cosas a través del filtro de estas representaciones sociales. Por eso es tan importante entender las representaciones que circulan sobre el consumo de carne y las dietas vegetarianas porque eso nos permitirá saber dónde intervenir para transformar esas representaciones.Existen cuatro elementos clave en las representaciones sociales del consumo de carne en Argentina.1. Un sistema de creencias que apoya el consumo de carne.2. Una profunda estigmatización del veganismo.3. Los Macro-relatos sobre la carne y los productos lácteos.4. Las características de una forma particular de pensar y hacer activismo en el colectivo vegano.

Food and culture in Argentina: Perceptions of plant-based diets, stigmatization of veganism and current challenges of activism to reduce (and end) animal consumption

April 20, 2020

HIGHLIGHTS: *Shines a bright light on several fundamental cultural drivers of meat consumption in Argentina: 1) Powerful belief system in favor of eating meat. 2) Deep stigmatization of veganism. 3) Pervasive narratives and behavior justifying meat-eating that most people consider as "common sense" and which are sustained by institutions (e.g. healthcare, legal, education systems). *Suggests a range of practical measures to tackle challenges faced by those seeking to reduce and end consumption of animal-based food in that country (e.g. influence school curricula and train teachers, professionalize the vegan activist community).

Argentina's Deal with the IMF: Will "Expansionary Austerity" Work?

December 18, 2018

Since July of 2018, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has disbursed more than $20 billion of a $56.3 billion loan package to Argentina. The Argentine government is now the largest holder of the IMF's General Resources Account (GRA) funds. This paper looks at how the policies that the Fund and the Argentine government have agreed upon in their June Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) are expected to lead to an economic recovery; and whether they are likely to succeed.

Fixing Food : Towards a More Sustainable Food System

October 1, 2016

Fixing Food is an Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) report on food system sustainability globally, spanning agriculture, nutrition, and food loss and waste. It draws on an interview programme with experts from the academic, public and private sectors and is published alongside the Food Sustainability Index (FSI), a quantitative and qualitative benchmarking model, which ranks 25 countries according to their food system sustainability. The project was developed with the Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition (BCFN).

Recursos privados para la transformación social - filantropía e inversión social privada en América Latina hoy

October 1, 2015

El concepto de inversión social privada (ISP) ha tomado fuerza en los últimos años, sobre todo en Argentina, Brasil y Colombia, y se ha instalado como guía en el mundo fundacional y empresarial. El predominio conceptual de la ISP se logró,en general, contraponiéndolo a la filantropía, otorgándole grandes virtudes a la primera y muchas limitaciones a esta última. Solo recientemente la filantropía está empezando a recuperar un valor positivo, e incluso en algunos casos, a ser entendida con el significado que suele darle una gran parte de la comunidad internacional.

From Prosperity to Purpose: Perspectives on Philanthropy and Social Investment among Wealthy Individuals in Latin America

June 24, 2015

Centuries of religious traditions, cultural norms, political histories, and economic conditions have shaped today's environment for private giving and social investment in Latin America. While the region's wealthy individuals have a long history of charitable giving, the relatively recent emergence of stable democracies, steady economic growth, and accumulation of personal wealth have provided a foundation for accelerated philanthropic activity. At the same time, cutbacks in government services, acute inequalities, and persistent poverty in some countries have underscored the need for private social investment to help address social and economic development.This study describes the philanthropic environment and illuminates the important and inspirational social investments of wealthy individuals in six Latin American countries: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru. It provides new insight into both the soul and practice of philanthropy in the region, and, optimistically, will help to encourage others to invest private philanthropic capital for the common public good.

De la prosperidad al propósito: Perspectivas sobre la filantropía y la inversión social entre las personas de alto nivel patrimonial en América Latina

June 14, 2015

Siglos de tradiciones religiosas, normas culturales, historias políticas y condiciones económicas han moldeado el entorno actual de la filantropía privada y la inversión social en América Latina. Si bien las personas de alto nivel patrimonial de la región tienen una larga trayectoria de donaciones benéficas, el surgimiento relativamente reciente de democracias estables, crecimiento económico y acumulación de riqueza personal han sentado las bases para la aceleración de las actividades filantrópicas. Al mismo tiempo, en algunos países, las reducciones en los servicios gubernamentales, la desigualdad severa y la pobreza persistente han recalcado la necesidad de inversión social privada para la promoción del desarrollo social y económico.Este estudio describe el entorno filantrópico y las importantes e inspiradoras inversiones sociales de las personas de alto nivel patrimonial en seis países latinoamericanos: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, México y Perú. También ofrece una mirada nueva al alma y al ejercicio de la filantropía en la región, con la esperanza de que sirva para alentar a otros a invertir capital filantrópico privado en el bien común.

Da Prosperidade ao Propósito: Perspectivas sobre a Filantropia e Investimento Social Privado na América Latina

June 12, 2015

Séculos de tradições religiosas, normas culturais, histórias políticas e condições econômicas moldaram o ambiente atual para doações e investimentos sociais privados na América Latina. Embora as pessoas com patrimônio elevado da região tenham uma longa história de fazer doações à caridade, o surgimento relativamente recente de democracias estáveis, o crescimento econômico firme e a acumulação de patrimônio pessoal criaram as bases para uma maior atividade filantrópica. Ao mesmo tempo, cortes nos serviços públicos, as desigualdades e a pobreza persistente em alguns países ressaltaram a necessidade de investimentos sociais privados, para alavancar o desenvolvimento social e econômico.Este estudo descreve o ambiente filantrópico e ilustra os importantes e inspiradores investimentos sociais de pessoas com patrimônio elevado em seis países da América Latina; Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colômbia, México e Peru. Ele dá novas percepções sobre a alma e a prática de filantropia na região e, em termos otimistas, ajudará a encorajar outras pessoas a investirem capital filantrópico privado para o bem público.