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Livelihood transitions in low- and middle-income countries: From animal agriculture to alternative proteins

June 13, 2022

* This report provides insights into whether and how it is possible for commercial livestock producers and other people involved in the animal agriculture sector to transition to other livelihoods and sources of income, if and when there is a dietary and market shift away from animal-sourced foods and towards alternative proteins. Brazil is used as a case study. * Key lessons learned: (1) Relatively few examples of farmers and ranchers having actually transitioned out of animal agriculture into alternative protein production. (2) No examples of transition programs supporting farmer transitions away from animal agriculture in low- and middle-income countries. (3) Potential challenges and barriers for farmers include economic viability, lack of knowledge, skepticism or judgment from other farmers. (4) But some farmers recognize that growing crops can be less labor intensive and an integrated crop-livestock farming system can be beneficial.* The conclusion is that characterizing the opportunities and risks for livestock farmers is necessarily speculative. It is difficult to state with any certainty how likely any one outcome is, or on what timescale or magnitude. Nonetheless, being proactive rather than reactive, thinking through, and systematically generating awareness of possible outcomes (both positive and negative) is a necessary if insufficient step towards being able to guide actions that could secure the best-possible futures for farmers. 

“I Became Scared, This Was Their Goal”: Efforts to Ban Gender and Sexuality Education in Brazil

May 12, 2022

Since around 2014, lawmakers at the federal, state, and municipal levels in Brazil have introduced over 200 legislative proposals to ban "indoctrination" or "gender ideology" in Brazilian schools. These proposals, which target gender and sexuality education, have been the subject of intense political and social debate in Brazilian society, with some bills ultimately passing, many still pending, and others withdrawn.This report is based on a review by Human Rights Watch of 217 of these bills and laws, and on 56 interviews with teachers and education experts, including representatives of state departments of education, unions, and civil society organizations.The report focuses on legislative and political attempts to suppress holistic and comprehensive approaches to education on gender and sexuality in primary and secondary public schools in Brazil. It contextualizes such attacks within the framework of the right to education, to information, and to health, as well as the related right to access comprehensive sexuality education (CSE), which they contravene.While Brazilian law and policy, both at the federal and state levels, require CSE instruction, most of the efforts by lawmakers and conservative groups described in this report aim to specifically ban the key concepts of "gender" and "sexual orientation" in all areas of school, including as they relate to the rights of girls, women, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. The report illustrates a campaign—at times coordinated, at times diffuse—to discredit and ban gender and sexuality education, bolstered by the administration of President Jair Bolsonaro, which has fully embraced the alleged justification for these bills, amplifying it for political effect, including during his 2018 presidential campaign.Interviews with 32 teachers from 8 states in Brazil revealed hesitancy or fear among some teachers when it comes to addressing gender and sexuality in the classroom due to legislative and political efforts to discredit such material, and at times harassment by elected officials and community members.

Digital for Good: A Global Study on Emerging Ways of Giving - Brazil

May 12, 2022

Current research on the philanthropic environment in Brazil shows improvement in the country's donation culture over time. Recent studies have shown both a more mature donation culture and that empathy, solidarity, and an openness toward donations are on the rise. Brazilians have a more positive perception of civil society organizations (CSOs) and a greater understanding of what they do. Their impact is increasingly communicated, and there is a greater acceptance that CSOs should help address social and environmental challenges. This improvement in donation culture was accompanied by the development of new technological tools for donating, including giving platforms, greater reliance on social media, and even a slight emergence of crypto giving.This report examines three nonprofits and social businesses representing three different donation models advancing the donation culture in Brazil: Arredondar, BSocial, and Editora MOL. These initiatives were chosen with their broader transformative power in mind; in addition to the direct financial impact, they influence donors' mindsets, therefore strengthening giving culture in Brazil. They emphasize accountability and transparency and believe that digitalization will unlock growth potential. Critically, they overcome three barriers to donating: lack of money, the belief that causes are irrelevant to potential donors, and uncertainty whether the donation will be well-spent.In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, all three initiatives found a change in the mentality of the public and companies and a more pro-donation attitude. Once the economic situation is improved, this may lead to a consistent recovery in donations. With knowledge and an understanding of new models for enabling donations that this report offers, it will be possible to go even further.

Assessments of the Legal Environment for Civil Society Actors including Philanthropic Support Organizations in Brazil

April 28, 2022

Understanding the legal environment where civil society organizationsoperate is key to stimulate the establishment of a giving culture in Brazil.The publication Evaluation of the legal environment for civil society actors, produced within the Giving to Change program, intends to:(1) share an assessment of problems and opportunities related to the legal environment of CSOs;(2) disseminate agendas and initiatives to improve the legal environment of CSOs;(3) provide information to organizations that might wish to engage with advocacy actions to improve their legal environment;(4) recommend contents and other sources of information on the subject.

Firearm Violence and Racism: Firearms and Racial Inequality 2022

April 22, 2022

Firearm violence has a profound effect on Brazilian society and the gravity of the problem has been widely denounced by researchers and public managers ever since the 1990s. Studies in the areas of health and public security have highlighted the role firearms play in violent deaths, especially in homicides and other intentional crimes that result in the death of the victim. Assault with a firearm has a high risk of lethality and can have a long-term impact on the physical and mental health of survivors and their families.This study analyzes data from the Mortality Information System (SIM, acronym in Portuguese) and national notifiable diseases surveillance system (SINAN, acronym in Portuguese) to see what health system data on mortality and admissions for violence can tell us about firearm violence in the country. We sought to provide a detailed picture of firearm violence and the contribution of this type of violence to deaths and injuries, focusing on the inequalities laid bare by the profiles of events and victims.

Civic Life Today: The State of Brazilian Civic Engagement

April 7, 2022

The first two years of the pandemic were not easy for any country, let alone Brazil. The Brazilian government's delay in responding to the health challenges turned the country's pandemic experience into an even more complex political moment. During this time, we learned that the collective action of people in moments of crisis is critical, and this report validates that notion.This report shows that Brazilians are taking action in the causes they care about. Education became one of the most pressing issues because the pandemic intensified pre-existing challenges. Children didn't have the tools to access virtual learning, and many of them were balancing studies with caregiving or household responsibilities. The educational consequences were enormous — at the end of 2021, we saw a 171% surge in school evasion. Atados, Points of Light's affiliate in Brazil, has a platform that connects volunteers with NGOs. On our website, education was the most searched cause, over three times higher than interest in other cause areas.Aside from education, the country has seen exacerbated challenges in tackling poverty, hunger, environmental preservation and climate change. Even before the pandemic, Brazilians felt some level of government neglect addressing these challenges. Maybe because of that, other institutions — religious organizations, NGOs and companies — have become critical in addressing social and environmental issues in the country. This research particularly calls out companies, with 90% of respondents in Brazil believing that companies "should do something related to a social issue." Companies shouldn't ignore this mandate from employees, consumers and other everyday people. If Brazilians are demanding social and environmental change, these can be the institutions with the power to make that happen.

The Unfreedom Monitor: A Methodology for Tracking Digital Authoritarianism Around the World

April 1, 2022

Digital communications technologies have been a powerful tool in the advancement of democratic governance, but in recent years there is concern that they are being used to undermine democracy as well. The Unfreedom Monitor, part of Global Voices' Advox project, aims to study and report on this growing phenomenon. This briefing document provides an overview of key developments in digital authoritarianism in a sample of 10 countries, while explaining the theoretical framework and methodology behind the project. The document also provides a basis for expanding this research to other countries so we can deepen our understanding of digital authoritarianism globally as well as its crucial implications for the future.

GivingTuesday Brazil Dia de Doar Impact Report 2021

March 16, 2022

In 2021, Dia de Doar ("GivingTuesday Brazil") reached its ninth edition, and just like the others, 2021 was unique and special.On November 30th, the entire country joined forces in a big movement to promote the best in people: the ability to be generous and to give.The numbers are impressive and speak for themselves on the impact of Dia de Doar, as you will see below. And it is still surprising how much can be accomplished with so few resources, when you have a good idea, easily spread and easy to join.Counting just the campaign's digital impact on social media, Dia de Doar reached 23 million people on November 30th, aside from all the off-line engagement which can't be measured. This number is a great example of the campaign's potential to raise awareness.In Brazil, Dia de Doar is, without a doubt, the most accessible, dynamic and efficient initiative to promote a simple idea that is easy to understand: that we must engage in the causes we believe in and give, give, give. Dia de Doar is based on the new power concept, by Jeremy Heimans and Henry Timms, operating like a current, open and participatory, aiming to channel good deeds and fortify the culture of donating in Brazil. In this report, you will learn more about the 2021 edition of Dia de Doar, get to know our priorities and see inspiring examples.

PERSPECTIVES FOR BRAZILIAN PHILANTHROPY 2022

March 9, 2022

Perspectives for Brazilian Philanthropy in 2022 is a publication by the Institute for Development of Social Investment (IDIS) a white paper that shares eight perspectives philanthropists in Brazil can apply to their giving.Perspectives work like windows opening onto different landscapes, and in each one something different is happening that can influence the way the private social investor understands the context in which he/she is inserted, the various possibilities within his/her reach, and the effects of his/her resolutions.

Sister, brother- or just someone who cares. How Giving Circles celebrate the power of giving and reclaim what it means to be a donor.

December 1, 2021

This study explores how a simple idea, which involves bringing people together with the sole purpose of giving – and giving together – has been shaped and adapted to fit in differentcountries and cultures. It draws on a series of conversations with Giving Circle organizers and practitioners from across the GFCF's global network and beyond, and includes perspectives from Belgium, Brazil, Hungary, Palestine, Russia, Romania, South Africa, United States and Vietnam. Some of these Giving Circles have emerged organically, while others have benefited from external mentorship and support.

Forgotten by Funders

December 1, 2021

This report highlights the underfunding of work with and for imprisoned and formerly imprisoned women and girls,  alongside a worrying increase in the global female prison population. The report draws from the survey responses of 34 organisations, most of which are based in the Global South and have women with lived experience of the justice system involved with or leading their work. Calling to donors that fund human rights, women's rights and/or access to justice, the report concludes that this heavily gendered area of human rights tends to fall through the cracks of donor strategies, including recent Gender Equality Forum pledges. 

CAF America Survey, Volume 8: Lessons in Disaster Philanthropy

November 16, 2021

In its eighth COVID-19 survey conducted in August 2021, CAF America polled 436 charitable organizations operating in 5 countries (Brazil, Argentina, Russia, India, and South Africa) to report on their current status and outlook for the future.This report takes account of diverse nonprofits, nearly all of which remain operational, to identify what had to change in their operating context, their relationships with donors, and their approach to achieving their mission to be able to support their communities during the past year.The survey prompted respondents to reflect on the impact the pandemic has had on their work and share their present vision for an uncertain future.Donors can use this current, cross-sectional snapshot of nonprofits worldwide to inform their giving strategies as they reimagine their roles in supporting their partners' efforts to build and reinforce their organizational resilience.Building on the insights corporate donors shared in the fourth volume of this series, excerpts from recent interviews will provide readers a window into how the pandemic is shaping the future of corporate philanthropy.