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From Surviving to Thriving: A Quality-of-Life Study with Transgender, Gender Nonconforming, and Intersex (TGI) Adults in the City of Los Angeles

November 6, 2023

Transgender people in California experience discrimination and harassment in employment, housing, health care, schools, and other public places. More limited research has also documented that intersex people face employment discrimination and have poorer health compared to the general population. This study embraced a quality-of-life framework to gather first-person accounts from 55 transgender, non-binary, and intersex (TGI) adults to better understand the needs of TGI people who live, work, or receive services in the City of Los Angeles. Focus group topics included housing, employment, health care, and access to local services and resources. Overall, we found that while the TGI community continues to face many acute challenges, it has also developed expertise, relationships, and resources that will be critical to addressing these challenges in partnership with the City.

PledgeLA Venture Data Report 2023: An Analysis of Access to Capital in the Los Angeles Venture Capital and Tech Ecosystems

August 15, 2023

A new report from the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs that tracks investments made by LA-based venture firms connected to the Annenberg Foundation's PledgeLA initiative found slight increases in funding to women and Black founders when compared with the previous year. However, there are still many gaps remaining, especially when it comes to check size and venture firms' comparative assets under management.

Trends in Domestic Violence and Firearm Domestic Violence During COVID‑19 in Five US Cities

July 21, 2023

PurposeThe COVID-19 pandemic and resulting social and economic disruptions may be associated with increased risk for reported domestic violence (DV) and firearm-involved DV (FDV). This study examines trends in DV, FDV, and the proportion of DV incidents that involved firearms (FDV/DV) in five large US cities before and during the coronavirus pandemic.MethodWe examined monthly trends in DV and FDV during January 1, 2018 through December 31, 2020, which included the early part of the pandemic, using Poisson or negative binomial regressions. We used binomial regressions to assess trends in FDV/DV. We considered the onset of the pandemic to be March 2020.ResultsFindings varied across outcomes and cities. DV decreased in three cities: Kansas City (Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR), 0.88; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.86–0.90), Los Angeles (IRR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.99–1.00), and Nashville (IRR, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.99–1.00) relative to trends pre-pandemic. FDV increased in three cities: Chicago (IRR, 1.05; 95% CI, 1.02–1.08), Los Angeles (IRR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.06–1.10), and Nashville (IRR, 1.03; 95% CI, 1.01–1.05) and decreased in one: Kansas City (IRR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.87–0.90). FDV/DV increased in three cities: Chicago (Risk Ratio (RR), 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02–1.06), Los Angeles (RR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.07–1.11), and Nashville (RR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02–1.06).ConclusionsWe found variation among cities in trends in reported DV, FDV, and FDV/DV during the first months of the coronavirus pandemic. Variation may be due to a number of factors, including differences in baseline DV and FDV rates; economic strain and unemployment; compliance with social distancing; firearm ownership and purchasing; the availability of DV services; delays in court processing and the early release of prisoners; and community-law enforcement relations.

Municipal Bank of LA: Democratic Governance Frameworks

May 11, 2023

This briefing explores how a municipally-owned financial institution could directly incorporate citizens' input into investment decisions.Noting Los Angeles's historical inequalities, the briefing highlights the need for a direct public voice in the day-to-day governance of a public financial institution. In describing the shortcomings of elections, public comment, and other well-established modes of democratic practice, the briefing makes the case for the use of deliberative democracy or decisions taken by randomly-selected groups of citizens to fill this need.Using contemporary and historical examples of deliberative democracy from Paris, East Belgium, Bogotá, and Ancient Rome, the briefing goes on to propose a new governing architecture for a bank in which key governance functions are performed by these citizens' panels.

Otis College Report on the Creative Economy (2023)

February 10, 2023

The Otis College Report on the Creative Economy, commissioned annually by Otis College of Art and Design since 2007 focuses on the ways in which California's creative industries form an essential part of its overall economy. The report highlights five creative industries and eight regional snapshots with a spotlight on Los Angeles. The Otis College Report is an invaluable tool to assess the tremendous impact and influence of the creative sector on the state and regional economy.

The Southern California Green Hydrogen Cluster

October 28, 2022

A growing Southern California green hydrogen market would support California's efforts to leverage federal investment from the Infrastructure, Investment, and Jobs Act to establish an equitable, sustainable, and expanding renewable hydrogen hub.As Southern California organizations continue to work with GO-Biz and the rest of the Governor's Administration as it leads public and private stakeholders toward the goal of submitting a single, state-sponsored application encompassing projects throughout California to the U.S. Department of Energy's "Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs" funding program.Due to the relative maturity of hydrogen technology and demand, a Southern California market will initially include green hydrogen production, storage, and transport, with initial end use applications focused on industry, transportation, and ports.

2022 State of the Nonprofit Sector Survey: Los Angeles Survey Result

October 24, 2022

Nonprofit Finance Fund's State of the Nonprofit Sector Survey collected data, stories, and advice from over 200 nonprofit leaders in Los Angeles County about the impact of the past two years, from the COVID-19 pandemic to events that activated calls for racial justice. Here's what leaders shared about how their organizations fared and the investment they need to continue their vital role in local communities.

LA Peace Plan: The Case to Revise, Revitalize, & Relaunch LA City’s Comprehensive Safety Strategy

October 20, 2022

The purpose of this plan is to propose a public safety framework that revises, revitalizes, and relaunches Los Angeles' successful comprehensive community safety strategy, which first launched in 2008. This wrap-around strategy worked to increase trust between community and civic leadership and improve residents' perceptions of safety. This generated steep declines in crime and violence with fewer arrests.The proposed Los Angeles Peace Plan builds on the success of community-based public safety efforts from the last 15 years in the City of Los Angeles. This strategy not only saves lives and improves quality of life conditions, but it is also a budget saver. However, the strategy as it exists today has suffered some setbacks and requires revitalization to meet the emerging public safety challenges in the city and region. Our goal is to ensure an enhanced and scaled comprehensive strategy is developed to redefine public safety in the region.

Centering Youth in Community Violence Interventions as Part of a Comprehensive Approach to Countering Gun Violence

October 11, 2022

Violent crime has been rising nationally since the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, and many elected officials, policymakers, and media outlets have mistakenly placed the blame on young people. For far too long, youth have been an easy scapegoat for the rising violence in America. Although the real drivers of this devastating trend are complex and far-reaching, the political motivation to point to a single reason for violent crime has spawned public discourse and policy developments that have harmed generations of youth, and particularly youth of color, for a problem they did not cause.According to a recent Sentencing Project analysis, only 7 percent of the people arrested in the United States in 2019 were younger than 18, a much smaller share than in years past. This trend continued across offense categories in 2020, with the share of crime committed by youth continuing to decline. In fact, from 2017 to 2020, the total number of youth arrested fell by 50 percent, the number of youth arrested for serious crimes fell by 38 percent, and the number of youth arrested for homicides fell by 8 percent. The overall number of homicides committed by youth did rise slightly from 2019 to 2020 along with the national trend, but the share of youth arrested for homicide was only 7.5 percent in 2020 and remains lower than in the preceding years.Although the trends in youth arrests are going in the right direction, the data on youth victims of gun violence tell a different story. Gun violence was the leading cause of death among children and teenagers in 2020. Black youth are 14 times more likely and Hispanic youth are three times more likely than white youth to die as a result of gun violence. Violent crime is the consequence of historic underinvestment in communities of color. A comprehensive approach to address crime and violence should direct resources back into communities of color that have been disproportionately affected and where historic divestment has resulted in a lack of proven public health and community safety infrastructure.This issue brief highlights the importance of taking a comprehensive approach to gun violence to meet the needs of young people. It discusses how community violence intervention (CVI) programs are an important part of that approach to stop the current cycle of violence and spotlights two programs that are working to meet youth where they are.

Los Angeles County Women’s Needs Assessment: Listening Session Findings

September 20, 2022

In 2020, the City and County of Los Angeles recognized that unhoused, unaccompanied women are a distinct, vulnerable group of people experiencing homelessness who require unique policies, solutions, and services. Since 2001, the Downtown Women's Center (DWC) has conducted the Women's Needs Assessment (WNA) every three years to survey the the needs and characteristics of women experiencing homelessness in Los Angeles as well as the conditions they face. Funded by the Los Angeles County Homeless Initiative, the 2022 Women's Needs Assessment will be the first conducted countywide. DWC and the Homeless Initiative engaged the Urban Institute, in partnership with the Hub for Urban Initiatives, to conduct this expanded assessment. The research team is applying a mixed-methods, community-based approach to intentionally elevate the voices of unaccompanied women experiencing homelessness. As part of this approach, the research team conducted listening sessions with women across the county. This brief contains the findings from those listening sessions, including women's experiences within the homelessness response system and what they are looking for in housing and homeless services.

Master Leasing in Los Angeles: Opportunities and Limitations

August 26, 2022

On any given night in 2020, nearly 50,000 people endured unsheltered homelessness in Los Angeles County. In response to stagnating progress on placing people in housing, local and statewide agencies have been experimenting with various distinct strategies commonly referred to as "master leasing." In practice, these master leasing strategies vary dramatically in terms of legal responsibilities, opportunities, limitations, and implementation costs. The Conrad N. Hilton Foundation engaged the Urban Institute to explore the feasibility and potential infrastructure of a master leasing strategy in Los Angeles. This report categorizes different master leasing strategies, discusses their associated opportunities and limitations, examines potential infrastructure models, and provides a financial framework for understanding costs.

Using Tenant-based Housing Vouchers to Help End Homelessness in Los Angeles, 2016-2020

July 13, 2022

As part of the larger evaluation of the Hilton Foundation's Homelessness initiative, Abt Associates examined how effective the Los Angeles region's public housing authorities (PHAs) have been in using vouchers to help people leave homelessness, the extent to which voucher holders succeed in using the vouchers, the locations where they use vouchers, and the implications for the PHAs' programs—who they serve and at what cost. This study focuses on 2016 through early 2020, before the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic.