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Shaping Long Island's Bioeconomy: The Economic Impact of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

March 1, 2015

As one of New York's leading research institutions, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory is an asset of particular value to New York State. In order to promote a clearer understanding of the multiple ways in which the Laboratory contributes to the life of New York State and its people, CSHL President & CEO Bruce Stillman, Ph.D. asked Appleseed -- a New York City-based economic development consulting firm -- to assess the Lab's impact on the state's economy -- and in particular, on the economy of Long Island. This report presents the results of Appleseed's analysis. Part Two highlights the impact of CSHL as an enterprise -- as an employer, a buyer of goods and services from New York companies and a sponsor of construction projects. Part Three explores several ways in which research conducted at CSHL contributes to the growth of the state's and the region's economy. Part Four of the report describes CSHL's Meetings and Courses Program, which each year brings thousands of the world's leading scientists to Long Island to discuss their work. Part Five describes the Lab's public education programs, which offer a wide range of opportunities for elementary and high school students, and for undergraduates and graduate students as well -- covering everything from basic scientific concepts and techniques to the latest advances in the life sciences. Finally, Part Six highlights several reasons why CSHL's impact on New York's and Long Island's economy could be even greater during the next five to ten years than it is today.

Long Island Follows Bumpy New York Road to National Health Reform

September 11, 2013

At first glance, New York and the Long Island metropolitan area appear well positioned for smooth implementation of the federal Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010, according to a new Center for Studying Health System Change (HSC) study of Long Island's commercial and Medicaid insurance markets (see Data Source). Key ACA reforms—expanded Medicaid eligibility, premium rating restrictions in the nongroup, or individual, and small-group markets, minimum medical loss ratios (MLRs)—have long been features of New York's broad public health insurance programs and highly regulated health insurance market. Once the ACA became law, there was little doubt that New York would embrace reform. Yet, partisan gridlock in Albany has made for a rough road to health reform for New York. After many months of wrangling with the state Legislature, Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) resorted to authorizing the state health insurance exchange by executive order in 2012, giving New York's exchange a later start than in many states. Another threat to successful implementation is the state's commitment to stringent insurance regulations that exceed ACA requirements, most notably in small-group and nongroup community rating. Most respondents expected stricter state regulations to keep New York nongroup premiums very high and lead many healthier state residents to continue staying out of the nongroup risk pool. However, when 2014 premiums were released in July, the approved rates were lower than most had expected. What remains uncertain is how sustainable these rates will be over time—specifically, whether they will remain sufficiently low to attract and retain a sizable pool of younger, healthier enrollees.

Unmet Needs: Superstorm Sandy and Immigrant Communities in the Metro New York Area

December 1, 2012

More than a month after Superstorm Sandy, many New Yorkers continue to struggle with the devastation of their homes, neighborhoods and livelihoods. One group that has faced particular challenges, but has received little attention are the region's thousands of immigrants. Some of the areas hardest hit by Sandy--such as Staten Island and Long Island--are home to large populations of recent immigrants.For this report, we conducted surveys of 416 residents of selected localities in Long Island and Staten Island. We also conducted in-depth interviews to gather more detailed testimonies from certain survey respondents. We selected geographical areas in Staten Island and Long Island that were greatly affected by Sandy and had large numbers of immigrants. We conducted door-to-door outreach, as well as outreach at Make the Road New York disaster aid clinics, relief sites (both governmental and charity), food pantries, Laundromats, and local businesses. In order to reach impacted individuals, we conducted outreach at a variety of sites because many who had been displaced from their homes could not be reached through a door-to-door canvas.Surveys were conducted at different times of the day and on different days of the week. We interviewed people who self identified as immigrants. The survey was confidential and voluntary. The survey instrument is included in Appendix A of this report. 70% of respondents are Long Island residents. 30% are Staten Island residents. 61% of respondents rent their homes. 36% of respondents identify as having limited pro?ciency in English.

Getting Better at Teacher Preparation and State Accountability

December 22, 2011

Profiles the goals, activities, implementation, and challenges of the twelve states that won Race to the Top federal funds to improve teacher quality and preparation program accountability; analyzes their strategies; and makes policy recommendations.

Foreclosure Crisis: Disproportionate Impact On African-American and Latino Households and Neighborhoods

January 1, 2011

This analysis provides a closer look at New York City and Long Island to reveal the disproportionate depth of the impact on minority communities, where modifications have been scarce and widespread foreclosures threaten African-American and Latino neighborhoods. New data from 2010 shows that there is an indisputable connection between race and the likelihood of being served with pre-foreclosure notices.The high rates of foreclosure and homes "underwater" are the result of years in which minority homeowners were far more likely to be given risky, high-cost loans. In both New York City and Long Island, lenders were four to five times more likely to issue high-cost loans to African-Americans and Latinos between 2004 and 2007 than they were to whites.Despite this disproportionate representation in foreclosures, recently released data from the Furman Center shows that minority homeowners in New York City are less likely to receive mortgage modifications than white homeowners.

Hunger in America 2010 Local Report Prepared for Island Harvest and Long Island Cares

February 1, 2010

This report presents information on the clients and agencies served by Island Harvest and Long Island Cares. The information is drawn from a national study, Hunger in America 2010, conducted in 2009 for Feeding America (FA) (formerly America's Second Harvest), the nation's largest organization of emergency food providers. The national study is based on completed inperson interviews with more than 62,000 clients served by the FA national network, as well as on completed questionnaires from more than 37,000 FA agencies. The study summarized below focuses on emergency food providers and their clients who are supplied with food by food banks in the FA network.Key Findings: The FA system served by Island Harvest and Long Island Cares provides emergency food for an estimated 283,700 different people annually.39% of the members of households served by Island Harvest and Long Island Cares are children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2).48% of households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1).Among households with children, 80% are food insecure and 41% are food insecure with very low food security (Table 6.1.1.1).47% of clients served by Island Harvest and Long Island Cares report having to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1).36% had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1).30% of households served by Island Harvest and Long Island Cares report having at least one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)Island Harvest and Long Island Cares included approximately 702 agencies at the administration of this survey, of which 609 have responded to the agency survey. Of the responding agencies, 408 had at least one food pantry, soup kitchen, or shelter70% of pantries, 59% of kitchens, and 10% of shelters are run by faith-based agencies affiliated with churches, mosques, synagogues, and other religious organizations (Table 10.6.1).Among programs that existed in 2006, 86% of pantries, 65% of kitchens, and 47% of shelters of Island Harvest and Long Island Cares reported that there had been an increase since 2006 in the number of clients who come to their emergency food program sites (Table 10.8.1)Food banks are by far the single most important source of food for agencies with emergency food providers, accounting for 69% of the food distributed by pantries, 39% of the food distributed by kitchens, and 45% of the food distributed by shelters (Table 13.1.1).As many as 88% of pantries, 92% of kitchens, and 35% of shelters in Island Harvest and Long Island Cares use volunteers (Table 13.2.1).

Universal Access to a Quality Education: Research and Recommendations for the Elimination of Curricular Stratification

December 14, 2009

This policy brief makes the case for schools across the country to put an end to policies that cast off students into unchallenging, low-track classrooms. The authors recommend a clear process for the phasing out of curricular stratification in grades K-10, beginning with the lowest track and granting meaningful access to AP and IB courses to all students. The brief includes model statutory language to implement its recommendations.

Moving Towards Educational Equity?: How is New York State's School Funding Reform Impacting Educational Equity on Long Island?

September 1, 2009

This report identifies the 11 Long Island districts with the most student poverty and compares them with the 11 districts with middle student poverty, and the 11 districts with the least student poverty. In addition to poverty, this report looks at the demographic composition of these districts, and percentage of English language learners. Historically on Long Island, as elsewhere, there has been a large funding gap between school districts with high poverty and those with little poverty. The funding gap, as examined by The Education Trust and others, documents the difference in educational opportunity between school districts. In order to make this calculation it is necessary to both examine expenditures per pupil and student need (as measured by the proportion of student poverty). Policy makers and researchers across the spectrum agree that it generally costs more to provide equivalent educational opportunity to students from poor households as those from middle class or wealthier households. This report factors student poverty into the measurement of the funding gap. The report examines the effectiveness since 2007 of different state school aid categories at closing the funding gap--specifically looking at foundation aid, high tax aid and all state operating aid as a whole. In addition, this report looks at student outcomes according to 8th grade English Language Arts and Math exams, graduation rates, Regents diploma rates, and college enrollment rates in order to evaluate whether there has been progress at closing the achievement gaps since funding reforms were instituted.

A Short Guide to Setting Up a City Scale Retrofit Program

June 22, 2009

Buildings represent 38.9% of U.S. primary energy use and 38% of all CO2 emissions in the U.S. Though simple, relatively low-cost measures such as insulation, and lighting upgrades can be done in almost every building to reduce energy use and save money on utility bills, current retrofitting program capacity is limited. Most existing programs are either available only to income-eligible individuals or those with the money up-front to do the work. Furthermore, many current retrofitting programs only create low-wage, short-term jobs rather than providing pathways into sustainable careers in construction and green building. Clearly, a new model is needed. This guide by Green For All and the Center on Wisconsin Strategy provides a model for designing and implementing weatherization and retrofitting programs on a citywide scale, with a goal of making such retrofits available to all and realize their potential to address climate change, put people to work, and reduce our energy bills.

The Racial Equity Report Card: Fair Housing on Long Island

March 31, 2009

Examines the history of residential segregation on Long Island, analyzes current practices and complaints data by race/ethnicity and outcome, and assesses enforcement of fair housing laws at the county, state, and federal levels. Includes recommendations.

Mapping Long Island

December 10, 2008

The Long Island Index interactive map combines a rich amount of information coupled with easy-to-use tools so you can visualize relationships across several types of data at local and regional scales. It supplements and enhances the work of the Long Island Index to develop and monitor regional community indicators.

Long Island Index 2008

January 11, 2008

Each year since 2004, the Long Island Index staff and a team of technical advisors have gathered and analyzed several dozen data sets in 11 major categories to evaluate progress toward a more livable and thriving region. The Index report itself is published every January, and during the year the project conducts ongoing public opinion surveys, distributes op-eds, and prepares other studies. The director of the CUNY Mapping Service at CUR has been a member of the Technical Committee from the project's inception, providing maps, spatial analysis, and advice regarding key data sets. This year, for the 2008 Index report, the Mapping Service worked with the committee to focus on a special analysis regarding Long Island's housing needs and downtown development opportunities.