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Write for Rights 2021 Campaign Report

April 12, 2022

In 2021 Write for Rights (W4R) was 20 years old. Beginning as grassroots activism in Poland, the campaign now sees over 70 Amnesty entities taking part and people in 120 countries around the world taking action either in person or online.Covid-19 continued to impact campaigning for Write for Rights, with many countries still imposing strict rules around group gatherings. There was however light at the end of the tunnel for some national entities, who did manage to hold in person events. For those who couldn't, the innovations and 'outside the box' thinking continued, with creativity and technology helping make restrictions less restrictive!As we rapidly head into planning for Write for Rights 2022, now is the time to reflect on what we all did together and the amazing ways we worked for positive human rights change in the lives of 10 individuals and communities at risk. 

No One Is Spared: Abuses Against Older People in Armed Conflict

February 1, 2022

This report describes patterns of abuses against older people affected by armed conflict in Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, South Sudan, Syria, and Ukraine. It also draws on the situation of serious protracted violence in two English-speaking regions of Cameroon, Myanmar security force atrocities against older ethnic Rohingya in Rakhine State, and the experiences of older refugees in Lebanon displaced by conflict in Syria. It also includes abuses against older people in the 2020 armed conflict in the ethnic-Armenian-majority enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Sister, brother- or just someone who cares. How Giving Circles celebrate the power of giving and reclaim what it means to be a donor.

December 1, 2021

This study explores how a simple idea, which involves bringing people together with the sole purpose of giving – and giving together – has been shaped and adapted to fit in differentcountries and cultures. It draws on a series of conversations with Giving Circle organizers and practitioners from across the GFCF's global network and beyond, and includes perspectives from Belgium, Brazil, Hungary, Palestine, Russia, Romania, South Africa, United States and Vietnam. Some of these Giving Circles have emerged organically, while others have benefited from external mentorship and support.

Transformational Leaders and Social Change: IFP Impacts in Africa and the Middle East

July 1, 2018

The fourth report from our 10-year tracking study of the Ford Foundation International Fellowships Program (IFP), Transformational Leaders and Social Change provides important insights into the personal, organizational, community, and societal impacts of IFP alumni in Kenya, Nigeria, Palestine, and South Africa, drawn from the perspectives of 361 IFP alumni and local stakeholders.The results of this study show that the program had a positive impact on participants, with alumni saying that their IFP experience increased their confidence, awareness, self-identity, commitment, leadership, career advancement despite challenges upon re-entry at the end of the fellowship. Some alumni returned to face career barriers endemic to their community and home region, such as high unemployment rates and other labor market challenges. At an organizational level, alumni and community stakeholders said that these organizations now have a stronger work ethic, consistency, transparency, and accountability since alumni returned to their home communities. Stakeholders also said that the alumni they work with are more reliable and committed to getting the job done.

Wastewater Treatment Plants in Rapid Mass Displacement Situations

November 7, 2017

This rapid review report has identified the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) options used in emergency settings, with decentralised wastewater treatment systems (DEWATS) and mobile wastewater treatment units performing most effectively and with minimal costs. Examples are taken from refugee camps and internally displaced people (IDP) settlements due to the Iraq war, the Israeli-Palestine conflict, and the civil wars in Syria and Sudan. WWTP options used in Finland, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine, Sudan and Turkey are discussed. Lessons learned from China and suggestions for the Rohingya crisis are also included.

Land Degradation, Desertification "Most Critical Challenges" in West Asia, as Rolling Conflicts Damage Environment, Human Health

May 19, 2016

The spread of land degradation and desertification and its economic and environmental consequences are the "most critical challenges" facing West Asian countries. The scarcity of the region's renewable water resources also poses a major challenge, denting the region's ability to produce enough food to meet the growing population's needs.DriversArable land degradation is caused by mismanagement, climate change and water scarcity.Climate scenarios project changes in the region's temperature, rainfall and sea level, which will have impacts on both the availability and use of water resources.High population growth and continuous conflicts and wars mean that the carrying capacity of the land has become too low to support people with freshwater and food.Shrinking of agricultural lands is caused by population growth, urbanization, land degradation and desertification.Increasing water demand has exacerbated the region's serious water scarcity and exerted pressure on groundwater extractions rates.West Asia has been recognized as one of the major regions where sand and dust storms originate causing environmental, social and economic impacts.ImpactsFood security in the region will be increasingly at risk, especially in the Mashriq countries and Yemen.Land degradation has accelerated the rise of soil salinity, increased the rate of soil erosion and converted wetland to dryland.Overexploitation of groundwater resources has resulted in a deterioration of water quality, seawater intrusion, depletion and salinization of aquifers, and rising pumping costs.A prevalence of climate extremes and forecasted climate change may exacerbate the extent of land degradation and water scarcity in the region.Water demand in West Asia has been increasing, resulting in a diminishing per-person availability of water. Only 4 out of 12 countries in West Asia are above the water scarcity limit of 1,000 cubic metres per person per year.Due to its aridity and water scarcity, the region has already surpassed its natural capacity to meet its own food and water demand.Examples97 per cent of Iraq's total area is arid, about 50 per cent of which is desert. Desertification affects 39 per cent of the country's surface area with an additional 54 per cent under threat.Although Iraq has the largest area of available farmland in the region, it suffers the most from soil salinity and wind erosion.Rangeland in Jordan covers more than 80 per cent of the country's total area, mainly used for pastoralism and agriculture. Conflicts over land-use and general mismanagement have led to overgrazing, land degradation and ultimately desertification. Livestock overgrazing is, possibly, the main cause of land deterioration and means that the land is no longer able to support the livestock that used to graze there.ResponsesReuse domestic wastewater and recycle agricultural drainage water, groundwater inter-basin transfer, seawater and brackish water desalination.Use of brackish and sea water for bio-saline and halophyte agriculture desalination can enhance the water availability throughout the region.Integrated monitoring is essential to understanding the causes and consequences of desertification.Efforts to combat land degradation and desertification in the region should capitalize on advances in science and technology for devising and up-scaling remedial and preventive measures.Regional cooperation is key for combatting desertification, drought and dust storms.

Empowerment and Protection: Stories of Human Security

October 6, 2014

This publication shares and analyses people's sense of threats and safety through the lens of human security. Spanning six regions of the world, it presents the accounts of people living in Afghanistan, the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Zimbabwe, Ukraine, Mexico, and the Philippines. As a people-centred approach to understanding threats to people's livelihoods, safety and dignity, human security is useful as both an analytical tool and an operational approach for addressing socio-political problems.

Fostering Community Change in the Occupied Palestinian Territories: Capacity building for non-state actors

March 12, 2014

This evaluation report sets out the main findings from the Fostering Community Change in the Occupied Palestinian Territories Project, which ran from April 2010-November 2012.The DFID-funded Within and Without the State programme co-financed this EU-funded project which worked to strengthen the capacity of Palestinian civil society to identify its needs and priorities, and engage with power holders around these issues.The evaluation details the areas of assessment, and makes recommendations for the future of the work in the West Bank and the design of future governance programmes.

Women and Natural Resources Unlocking the Peacebuilding Potential

November 14, 2013

This report focuses on the relationship between women and natural resources in conflict-affected settings, and discusses how the management of natural resources can be used to enhance women's engagement and empowerment in peacebuilding processes. Part I of the report examines the relationship between women and natural resources in peacebuilding contexts, reviewing key issues across three main categories of resources: land, renewable and extractive resources. Part II discusses entry points for peacebuilding practitioners to address risks and opportunities related to women and natural resource management, focusing on political participation, protection and economic empowerment.

Water+ Impact Report: Walking the Talk

April 1, 2013

This is the first-ever impact report of CARE's water+ program, which currently comprises more than 180 projects in over 40 countries. The study is a meta-analysis of 51 project evaluations, each scored against the three domains of the water+ theory of change: secure and sustainable access to services; gender-sensitive policies, institutions and norms; and gender-equitable control over services. Ten projects are also presented as case studies. The report concludes that there is a need to re-assess programming approaches and make more deliberate efforts to use water+ programs to orchestrate broader change.

Examining Protection and Gender in Cash and Voucher Transfers: Case Studies of the World Food Programme (WFP) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

January 11, 2013

This CaseStudy reports that over the years, many aspects of cash and voucher transfers have been analysed and studied, however, there has not been a substantive amount of study specifically devoted to protection and gender implications - both positive and negative - of such programming. In response, in October and November 2011, WFP conducted a literature review of previous studies of cash and voucher transfers to investigate whether cash and voucher transfers were working towards improving protection of, or at minimum doing no further harm to, beneficiaries, as well as what impacts they could have on gender and community dynamics. In addition, WFP headquarters sent a short questionnaire to their field offices to gather their observations on the impacts of cash and voucher transfers on protection and gender within their own programming.

Evaluation of Increasing Food and Livelihood Security in the Occupied Palestinian Territories

January 14, 2011

The 12 month project 'Increasing Food and Livelihood Security in the OPT' focused on South Hebron, the Jordan Valley and the Gaza Strip. The objective was to increase and diversify household food and cash income sources of vulnerable households. This final evaluation aims to assess the project's appropriateness and impact on the beneficiaries and to guide similar future food security interventions in the OPT.