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Reducing Abortion Stigma: Global Achievements since 2014

February 10, 2021

Abortion stigma affects everyone: individuals, communities and service providers. Young women and adolescent girls bear the brunt of abortion stigma. It causes delays in people seeking abortion and stops others from accessing it, leading to unintended pregnancies. Stigma drives abortion underground, where it is more likely to be unsafe.Since 2014, the support of the David & Lucile Packard Foundation has enabled IPPF to reduce abortion stigma affecting young people around the world, working directly with Member Associations in six countries (Bénin, Burkina Faso, India, Pakistan, Ghana and Nepal). Meaningful youth participation has ensured that young people's lived experiences were central in every aspect of this work. This project has also supported smaller ground-breaking youth-led projects in 14 different countries: Albania, Colombia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Macedonia, Nepal, Nigeria, Palestine, Puerto Rico, Sierra Leone, Spain, Tanzania and Venezuela.This document highlights the achievements and learnings from the Abortion Stigma Project between 2014 and 2020, including case studies, research and evidence generated around abortion stigma, and popular resources and tools developed throughout the project, and more.

LEVERAGING TELECOM DATA TO AID HUMANITARIAN EFFORTS: Lessons learned from the 2015 Earthquake in Nepal

October 26, 2020

Following the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, Flowminder, a data analytics nonprofit, and NCell, a mobile operator in Nepal, formed a data collaborative. Using call detail records (CDR, a type of mobile operator data) provided by NCell, Flowminder estimated the number of people displaced by the earthquake and their location. The result of the analysis was provided to various humanitarian agencies responding to the crisis in Nepal to make humanitarian aid delivery more efficient and targeted. 

Accelerating Localisation Through Partnerships

February 1, 2019

his research was commissioned by the Accelerating Localisation through Partnerships programme – a multiagency consortium programme funded by the European Commission's Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid department (ECHO) over two years (2017-2019) – to establish what operational elements of partnerships between local, national and international NGOs are most likely to foster localisation of humanitarian action.The research was underpinned by a mixed methods approach using qualitative and quantitative data collection approaches. In-depth consultations were conducted in three locations in four countries: Myanmar, Nepal, Nigeria and South Sudan. Sampling was such that a wide diversity of local and national NGOs were invited to participate in the in-depth discussions to ensure different areas of thematic, geographic and other focuses were represented. In total, more than 350 NGOs were consulted for this research; 85% of which were local or national NGOs.

Infrastructure Assessment in Snow Leopard Habitat of Nepal

December 13, 2018

Among the six-infrastructure themes that this assessment focused on, roads seem to have the highest amount of impact on the snow leopard habitat. Experts' ranking ranged from 61% for road to 12.4% for settlement. Impact due to high density road infrastructure on snow leopard habitat ranges from 5,725km2 to 17,775km2. Prediction maps show an area (greater than 90 percentile) measuring between 525km2 and 625km2 as high impact zone in snow leopard habitat, affected by infrastructural development. The study concluded that the current cumulative effect of infrastructural development on snow leopard habitat is low. However, future impact scenario shows an increase of 50% impact area, most of which within or traversing through the core snow leopard habitats. Therefore, it is likely that snow leopard habitats would be subjected to a high degree of fragmentation, deterioration and human disturbances in the future.

Menstrual hygiene management in schools in South Asia: Nepal

January 1, 2018

Nepal has a good track record of improving menstrual hygiene management (MHM) facilities, increasing access to affordable and hygienic sanitary materials, delivering creative awareness campaigns and policy advocacy, and developing the capacity of local stakeholders to promote MHM. Nevertheless, Operations and maintenance (O&M) of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools (WinS) remains challenging.MHM and WinS approaches in project schools are being used by Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) to help develop a programmatic approach that works at scale. The Government is finalising a Dignified Menstruation Policy. An MHM Practitioners' Alliance provides cross-sector coordination. Improving the curriculum and teacher capacity, as well as further learning and engagement opportunities for older generations of women, is needed.

Resilience in Nepal: Impact evaluation of the Joint Programme on Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Preparedness

November 6, 2017

This evaluation is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the resilience thematic area. This report documents the findings of a quasi-experimental impact evaluation carried out in January 2016 that sought to assess the impact of the activities of the 'Joint Programme on Disaster Risk Management and Humanitarian Preparedness'.The project under review was implemented between April 2011 and March 2016 in four districts in the Terai region of southern Nepal - Dhanusha, Rautahat, Salarhi, and Saptari. The project was carried out by Oxfam in partnership with several organisations, including the Koshi Victims Society (KVS), the Social Development Research Centre (SDRC), Bagmati Welfare Society Nepal (BWSN), Nepal Red Cross Society (NRCS), and Rural Development Centre (RDC). The project had three broad objectives, which were developed during its planning phase: (1) to strengthen and institutionalise Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction (CBDRR), (2) to enhance the capacity of local institutions to prepare for and respond to humanitarian emergencies, (3) to create an enabling environment for people to demand their 'rights in crisis'.

Sustainability Assessment of Rural Water Service Delivery Models : Findings of a Multi-Country Review

August 25, 2017

With 2.1 billion people – mostly in rural areas – lacking safely managed drinking water and reported low rural water supply functionality rates, the Sustainable Development Goals pose a triple challenge: to reach unserved mostly rural population groups, to raise service levels, and to sustain existing and future services. This assessment uses a multi-country case study approach to identify good practices and challenges toward building sector capacity and strengthening sustainable service delivery models for rural areas. Recognizing the limitations of the Demand Responsive Approach, the emergence of various management models, the identified need for ongoing support to rural service providers, and the critical role of enabling institutions and policies beyond the community-level, the added value of this assessment lies in: i) the development of a comprehensive analytical framework that can be used to analyze and operationalize a more sustainable service delivery approach for rural water supply; ii) the rich set of cases and good practices from the 16 countries informing the global body of "knowledge in implementation," and iii) the formulation of recommendations and policy directions to improve the sustainability of services depending on sector development stage. Policy recommendations are centered around five areas: institutional capacity, financing, asset management, water resources management, and monitoring and regulatory oversight.

Scoping and Diagnosis of the Global Sanitation Fund's Approach to Equality and Non-Discrimination

August 21, 2017

In 2016, WSSCC's Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) recruited an independent team of experts to undertake an in-depth two-part diagnosis of GSF's approach to equality and non-discrimination (EQND). The first part of the diagnosis – an assessment comprising of visits to six countries (Ethiopia, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) and a review of documentation across all GSF-supported programmes – was completed in 2017, resulting in this study. While confirming that many people who may be considered disadvantaged have benefitted positively from GSF-supported programmes, the study emphasizes that more proactive attention is needed to ensure no one is left behind. Several recommendations are offered to better integrate EQND throughout the components and stages of all GSF-supported programmes.

Menstrual Health and Hygiene Management in Nepal

June 1, 2017

The objectives of this report include:* To review and map out the policies, strategies, and programs related to MHM and explore the contexts that supportor inhibit adolescent girls' access to MHM and wider Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) information and services;* To highlight key policy and program influencers and implementers;*To chart the existing advocacy initiatives, relevant working groups and coalitions, and community and youth groups;* To identify gaps, challenges, and opportunities in policy and programming;* To expand the knowledge base and understanding of the issue, key players, and interventions on MHM in Nepal tobuild potential partnerships;* To recommend future strategies for more comprehensive knowledge about MHM;* To stress the critical linkages among family planning, SRH, and MHM; and* To highlight relevant scholarship in the field of MHM

Humanitarian Quality Assurance - Nepal: Evaluation of Oxfam's response to the Nepal 2015 earthquake

April 12, 2017

This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2015/16, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out from November 2015-February 2016 of Oxfam's humanitarian response to the Nepal 2015 earthquake.On the 25th April a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck, creating large-scale damage and many casualties. The epicentre was in the district of Gorkha with other districts and the Kathmandu valley also being affected. Oxfam launched a response almost immediately and an international team was mobilised to support local capacity. Oxfam responded with water, sanitation and hygiene promotion as well as cash grants, and livelihoods support. As there was widespread destruction of homes, shelter kits were considered to be an essential part of the programme.  A hotline for receiving complaints and feedback from the affected population was set up and some changes were made according to the feedback received. Gender and protection issues were considered early on in the response with dedicated staff to support. The Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 15 recognised quality standards via a desk review.Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.

Evaluation of the My Rights My Voice Programme: Synthesis report

August 22, 2016

'My Rights, My Voice' (MRMV) is a multi-country programme implemented by Oxfam GB, Oxfam Novib, Oxfam Québec and their partners with the aim of engaging marginalized children and youth in their rights to health and education services. The programme has been implemented in eight countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania and Vietnam.This evaluation aimed to systematically analyse the actual outcomes of the programme and its underlying working mechanisms against the proposed outcomes and MRMV's theory of change.Oxfam's management response to the evaluation report is included as a separate document.

I Am Alone: Single women and the Nepal earthquake

July 21, 2016

The earthquake and aftershock which struck Nepal in 2015 affected more than 8 million people and severely damaged infrastructure including schools, health centres and homes. Existing gender inequalities in Nepal meant that single women were particularly affected in the aftermath, receiving inadequate assistance and being least able to be heard.This briefing argues that the recovery effort is an opportunity to create much needed improved conditions for single women in Nepal. It provides practical suggestions for better disaster preparedness and enabling single women to be more resilient.