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Pakistan Giving Index 2021

March 7, 2022

This report examines the giving behaviour of people in Pakistan and provides insight into the scope and nature of giving in various forms. Based on a perception survey of around 2000 individuals interviewed across Pakistan, the study looks at three aspects of giving behaviour through asking questions on whether people donated money to charity and to whom they gave, their motivation for giving, the perceived impact of their charity and volunteered time to an organization?The results signify Pakistanis as a nation of givers. About 8 in 10 persons interviewed including both males and females, said that they had given charity or financially helped a poor person during the past one year. When asked, when was the last time they made some sort of social contribution, around 40% stated that they did so within the past one month. On average, a Pakistani adult reported having spent around PKR 10,000 in a year on charitable giving.

Disaster displacement and zoonotic disease dynamics: The impact of structural and chronic drivers in Sindh, Pakistan

December 8, 2021

Projected increases in human and animal displacement driven by climate change, disasters and related environmental degradation will have significant implications to global health. Pathways for infectious disease transmission including zoonoses, diseases transmitted between animals and humans, are complex and non-linear. While forced migration is considered an important driver for the spread of zoonoses, actual disease dynamics remain under researched. This paper presents the findings of a case study investigating how disaster displacement affected zoonotic disease transmission risk following the 2010 'superfloods' in Sindh province, Pakistan. We interviewed 30 key informants and 17 household members across 6 rural communities between March and November 2019, supported by observational studies and a review of secondary data. Results were analysed using the ecosocial theoretical framework. Buffalo, cattle and goats were often the only moveable asset, therefore livestock was an important consideration in determining displacement modality and destination location, and crowded locations were avoided to protect human and animal health. Meanwhile however, livestock was rarely included in the humanitarian response, resulting in communities and households fragmenting according to the availability of livestock provisions. We found that rather than a driver for disease, displacement acted as a process affecting community, household and individual zoonotic disease risk dynamics, based on available resources and social networks before, during and after displacement, rooted in the historical, political and socio-economic context. We conclude that in rural Sindh, disaster displaced populations' risk of zoonoses is the result of changes in dynamics rooted in pre-existing structural and chronic inequalities, making people more or less vulnerable to disease through multiple interlinked pathways. Our findings have implications for policy makers and humanitarian responders assisting displaced populations dependent on livestock, with a call to integrate livestock support in humanitarian policies and responses for health, survival and recovery.

Forgotten by Funders

December 1, 2021

This report highlights the underfunding of work with and for imprisoned and formerly imprisoned women and girls,  alongside a worrying increase in the global female prison population. The report draws from the survey responses of 34 organisations, most of which are based in the Global South and have women with lived experience of the justice system involved with or leading their work. Calling to donors that fund human rights, women's rights and/or access to justice, the report concludes that this heavily gendered area of human rights tends to fall through the cracks of donor strategies, including recent Gender Equality Forum pledges. 

Giving to Pakistan: Guidelines for Donors

May 24, 2021

Pakistan is one of the fastest growing countries in the Asian region with a population of nearly 220 million people, with an estimated number of 49.5 million people living in poverty. These socio-economic conditions are the main driving source behind the estimated 15,000 to 20,000 nonprofits (NPOs) operating in the country. Almost 46% of NPOs work in education, and approximately 17% focus on civil rights and advocacy; the remainder provides social services in areas of health, relief, culture and recreation. Given this landscape, as well as the need to navigate the rules and regulations of both donor and recipient jurisdictions, especially from the perspective of a US donor and/or grant-maker, it is vital to have a comprehensive understanding of the local context, as well as the requirements and conditions impacting cross-border giving to Pakistan.We expect that these guidelines will be of value to the broad spectrum of donors, grant-makers and NPOs. I look forward to working together to further enhance cross-border philanthropic inflows to Pakistan.

Covid-19 and the media: A pandemic of paradoxes

April 1, 2021

This report covers responses to the infringement of the right to freedom of information, misinformation on social media and the impact on public interest media caused by the Covid-19 pandemic with a human-rights based approach and gender-sensitive lens.As journalists on the frontline have supplied essential live-saving information to massively expanded audiences in need of reporting they could trust, advertising revenues have collapsed, leaving public interest media struggling to survive.The report features interviews with journalists from four IMS programme counties, Colombia, Ethiopia, Sri Lanka and Ukraine about the challenges created by the pandemic and case studies showcasing success stories from independent media outlets in Pakistan, the Philipines, Somalia and Zimbabwe.

Public Trust in the Media during the Coronavirus Pandemic

December 1, 2020

The  importance  of   timely,  accurate,  and  reliable  information became  evident  during  the  Covid-19  pandemic as the media and the public alike felt the pressures of  our vulnerable information ecosystem. The issue of trust in the media also took on a new significance. It was clear that without public trust in media, the effectiveness of  awareness messages for health safety would fade away and the public health response to control the pandemic itself  could be undermined.This research study looks at the information needs and news consumption behaviour of the Pakistani public during the pandemic to see what information sources and types of  media they relied on for Covid-19 updates. Its primary concern is to determine the level of  trust that people assigned to the media and other information sources that provided Covid-19 coverage. The study also attempts to identify whether  or  not  the  pandemic  generally  affected  the  access  to information  of   citizens.  A  nationwide survey of 345 individuals was conducted to find out their use and trust perception about media and information sources for Covid-19 news.

Annual Report 2020: Building Trust Promoting Philanthropy

November 1, 2020

The Board of Directors of Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy (PCP) is pleased to present its report on the Financial Year ended 30 June 2020 which witnessed the COVID-19 outbreak. In these critical times, PCP became an integral part of coordinating the philanthropic response to the pandemic. It continued its operations (online) effectively, while at the same time connected givers and the receivers generating an immediate response that served the most vulnerable.

Pakistani Diaspora Philanthropy In the UK: Trends and variations

October 1, 2019

This study aims to gain an insight into the philanthropic giving practices of the Pakistani diaspora in the UK. A key aspect is an assessment of the existing potential of and motivations for giving to various social causes within Pakistan and the UK-based community. The philanthropic activities identified in the study broadly include voluntary giving in the form of cash, in-kind and time – to and by individuals as well as institutions. The project has been commissioned by the British Council (Research, Evaluation and Monitoring Unit), in collaboration with the Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy (PCP), with the aim of identifying the role that the Pakistani diaspora can play in contributing to the social and economic progress of Pakistan.

The Rationale for Sponsoring Students to Undertake International Study: An Assessment of National Student Mobility Scholarship Programmes

May 1, 2019

This research, driven in partnership by the British Council and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD), looks at the reasons why some national governments invest in supporting outward mobility scholarship programmes. The study aims to improve our understanding of why governments sponsor these programmes; how they are designed, administered, and funded; who participates and where they study; and what impact the programmes are having.The report contains detailed case studies of 11 countries and their approaches to national outward mobility scholarship programmes, with comparative case study analysis and recommendations for countries looking to establish or develop outward mobility scholarship programmes.

Equity and Quality in an Education Public-Private Partnership: A study of the World Bank-supported PPP in Punjab, Pakistan

August 1, 2018

Public-private partnerships (PPPs) in education are increasing in profile as countries grapple with serious challenges of educational access and quality—and as donors such as the World Bank turn to this approach as they advise countries on potential solutions to these barriers. Evidence is still limited on the impacts of this policy approach, however, and the academic literature that looks at equity and inclusion raises profound concerns.This study seeks to understand the impact of the PPP initiative in Punjab province, Pakistan, on key dimensions of equity, education quality, and democratic and social accountability. It was conducted over a period of two months, through field visits in a sample of 31 schools across five districts of the province (in both rural and urban/slum areas) and all four programs run by the Punjab Education Foundation (PEF).The study provides an in-depth view of how the sample schools are operating and are incentivized within the framework of the PEF programs, raising serious concerns about equity, quality, and accountability that need to be considered more broadly in the push to expand PPPs.

External Final Evaluation of the Multi Country Sustainable Cotton Programme implemented by CottonConnect in China, India and Pakistan

November 30, 2017

The Multi Country Sustainable Cotton Programme, implemented by CottonConnect and local implementing partners in China, India and Pakistan was funded by C&A Foundation with an overarching goal of promoting sustainable cotton. The objectives of the programme were 1) provision of technical support on organic farming practices to cotton farmers in India; 2) provision of drip irrigation to smallholder farmers in India; 3) organic cotton seed development in China and India, 4) catalysing the sustainable cotton sector through partnerships (Organic Cotton Roundtable) and 5) transitioning farmers from Responsible Environment Enhanced Livelihoods (REEL) to Better Cotton Initiative (BCI) standards in India, China and Pakistan. This programme comprised of several components of which not all were present across all countries and these various stand-alone components existed prior to 2014 and evolved over time.The evaluation took place from July 2017 to November 2017. 

Innovative WASH Options in Situations of Severe Overcrowding

October 20, 2017

A rapid review of the literature has found a selection of innovative WASH options available for situations of severe population overcrowding and limited spaces. Case study information was collated from African, Middle Eastern, South Asian and Caribbean countries. As requested, a number of experts were consulted for their opinion where there was a lack of project evaluations or grey literature.