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Forgotten by Funders

December 1, 2021

This report highlights the underfunding of work with and for imprisoned and formerly imprisoned women and girls,  alongside a worrying increase in the global female prison population. The report draws from the survey responses of 34 organisations, most of which are based in the Global South and have women with lived experience of the justice system involved with or leading their work. Calling to donors that fund human rights, women's rights and/or access to justice, the report concludes that this heavily gendered area of human rights tends to fall through the cracks of donor strategies, including recent Gender Equality Forum pledges. 

The McKnight Foundation Southeast Asia Grants Program, 1983-2011

January 23, 2018

Composed of individual recollections and historical data, this report is meant to serve as part of the "institutional memory" of McKnight's Southeast Asia grants program.

The Recipe for Success: How Policy-makers Can Integrate Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Into Actions to End Malnutrition

August 24, 2017

By analysing the approaches governments and donors are taking, we highlight ways in which progress is being made, and we call on decision-makers to shift mindsets, change ways of working, and invest now in effective integration to improve child health.Building on last year's The missing ingredients report, this report highlights why WASH is essential for nutrition, and how this integration could be strengthened. Through an analysis of nutrition and WASH plans and policies in ten countries, we identify gaps and ways of working. The report highlights where there has been effective integration at the policy level and how improvements can be made. It also includes an analysis of donor initiatives and to what extent WASH has been incorporated in nutrition investments.

Synchronizing Complex Systems in Real Time to Accelerate Latrine Sales

April 25, 2017

In 2011, iDE set out to improve national sanitation coverage in Cambodia, which had stalled at 29% for the preceding 20 years. Six years later, the Sanitation Marketing Scale-Up program is the largest of its kind globally with a network of sales agents and producers selling over 6,000 toilets per month to rural customers. The program stimulates both demand and supply, effectively building a market for sanitation. The program continues to invest in sales management activities to achieve 100% latrine coverage in the very near future. Having a more hands-on approach means we will achieve this finite goal of complete hygienic sanitation access more quickly and effectively.

Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS): A Trust-based Network.

January 25, 2017

The Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS) network was formally established in 2001 through a Memorandum of Understanding signed by six Ministers of Health of the countries in the Greater Mekong sub-region: Cambodia, China (Yunnan and Guangxi), Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam. The main areas of focus of the network are to: i) improve cross-border infectious disease outbreak investigation and response by sharing surveillance data and best practices in disease recognition and reporting, and by jointly responding to outbreaks; ii) develop expertise in epidemiological surveillance across the countries; and iii) enhance communication between the countries. Comprised of senior health officials, epidemiologists, health practitioners, and other professionals, the MBDS has grown and matured over the years into an entity based on mutual trust that can be sustained into the future. Other regions have started emulating the network's pioneering work. In this paper, we describe the development of MBDS, the way in which it operates today, and some of its achievements. We present key challenges the network has faced and lessons its members have learned about how to develop sufficient trust for health and other professionals to alert each other to disease threats across national borders and thereby more effectively combat these threats.

Accountability Review in Cambodia: Strengthening partnership towards participatory and accountable governance

January 17, 2017

This accountability review is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15. The report documents the findings from a review carried out in December 2014 which examines the degree to which Oxfam meets its own standards for accountability.The project works to ensure equitable and sustainable use of natural resources in 4 provinces in Cambodia - Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear, Kratie and Stung Treng. The project aims to (i) enhance capacities and platforms for engaging with state agencies at sub-national level on the governance of land and natural resources and (ii) to build capacity and establish platforms for civil society, rights holders and, at state level, to advocate for equitable management of land and natural resources. This assignment examined accountability to partners and communities in terms of transparency, feedback/listening and, participation - three key dimensions of Accountability for Oxfam. In addition it asked questions around partnership practices, staff attitudes, and satisfaction (how useful the project is to people and how wisely the money on this project has been spent) where appropriate.Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.

Cambodia Impact Report: The World Citizens Panel

May 13, 2015

The "World Citizens Panel" (WCP) was established by Oxfam Novib to measure the impact of its programmes among people living in poverty and injustice. The approach combines quantitative research (impact surveys) with qualitative research (stories of change) and gives participants a voice in evaluation, and the opportunity to learn how programmes can be improved and to contribute to public debate on the effectiveness of development cooperation. This impact study of the programme in Cambodia was carried out in 2014. The study included a broad set of indicators, covering major dimensions of poverty and injustice. Data collected by partners with the help of a smart phone app was transferred into a central data base, managed and analysed by the Oxfam Novib World Citizens Panel team. This report describes the process and presents the major findings of the analysis which include:the positive impact on livelihoods (particularly on increased income levels and value of assets) but not on food security;significant improvements in disaster preparedness;access to information is very varied;increased participation in social organisations and collective action against injustice, and influence on decision making processes;violence against women is a problem, but is decreasing as both awareness and reporting of the issue is increasing;wider  possibilities for women to be politically active and take leadership roles;increased space for civil society organisations;larger number of land concessions granted to external investorsThe programme carried out a total of 3,650 interviews: the major activities of respondents were sustainable livelihoods (32%), gender (32%), education (28%) and health (28%).The Annex document contains the full text of the questionnaire used in the survey.

Financing Ecological Farming in Africa : A Guide For International Donors

May 1, 2015

This report provides a resource to the donor community to facilitate the provision of support to ecological farming across Africa. Donor is defined broadly including: governments providing bilateral overseas development assistance, multilateral financial institutions, philanthropies, and international (UN) development organisations.It focuses on four primary channels as effective conduits for scaling up investment into ecological farming: academic and public research and training institutions; communityseed banks and exchange networks; public procurement schemes and producer organisations and cooperatives. It analysed eleven ecological farming initiatives from around the world involving support from donor organisations.

Making Toilets More Affordable for Cambodia's Poor Through Microfinance

September 1, 2014

This paper details a 13-month pilot sanitation financing program that addresses the challenge of reaching low-income households with improved sanitation solutions.

Making Toilets More Affordable for the Poor Through Microfinance

August 1, 2014

Over a 13-month period, the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) worked with a number of partners, including the international non-profit Program for Appropriate Technology in Health (PATH) and International Development Enterprises (iDE), to pilot a sanitation financing program to address the challenge of reaching low-income households with improved sanitation solutions. This learning note presents the lessons from this pilot to promote scale-up in Cambodia and to inform similar efforts in other countries.

What Influences Open Defecation and Latrine Ownership in Rural Households?: Findings from a Global Review

August 1, 2014

In this review, the Water and Sanitation Program of the World Bank identifies commonalities and differences across sanitation market research studies it has conducted in eight countries since 2006 to determine factors that affect sanitation behaviors. Three specific behaviors -- open defecation, acquisition of toilets, and improvement of latrines -- are covered.

The Success and the Barriers to Women's Representation in Southeast Asia Between State Policies, Political Parties and Women's Movement

May 1, 2014

Inisiatif Kemitraan Asia Tenggara -- United States (IKAT-US) Component 1 -- POWER, is one of Partnership's projects that supports efforts to increase women's representation in the Philippines, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, and Timor-Leste. One of the activities of the program is to conduct research on the success of, as well as the barriers to, increasing the representation of women. The research projects are: 1) "Women's Representation in the Parliament as Result of Different Electoral Systems: A Comparative Study in Five Southeast Asian Countries" - research and report by Ramlan Surbakti & August Mellaz 2) "The Increased Number of Female Members of Parliament: Identifying Its Origini and Obstacles in Indonesia, the Philippines and Timor-Leste" - research and report by Philips Vermonte 3) The Role of Parliamentary Women's Caucus in Promoting Women's Participation and Representation: A Case Study in Indonesia and Timor Leste" - research and report by Ani Soetjipto 4) "Patriarchal Barriers to Women's Political Participation in Southeast Asia: Lesson from the Philippines, Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, and TimorLeste on Patriarchy and the Rise of Women's Participation in State Politics"- research and report by Adrianna Venny & Ruth Indiah Rahayu.The content of this e-Book is sourced from the above four research projects and is compiled to link the projects and to form a complete narration. These research papers are not only re-presented in this report, but also quoted in various parts. Hence, the sources for this paper are the researchers mentioned above, under the project authority of IKAT-US Component 1 and therefore the names of the researchers in this e-Book are not included in the footnote and references. With this e-Book, research data regarding women's representation in Southeast Asia can be widely circulated and easily accessed by the public, allowing it to be a source of reference for further research, education, or advocacy.