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Philanthropic giving behaviors and attitudes in South Korea

November 30, 2020

The Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy has been conducting the Global Philanthropy Tracker study every two years to measure the flow of charitable giving across countries. The Beautiful Foundation became a partner in the project in 2019 to provide information on Korea's cross-border giving.This report was written jointly by The Center on Philanthropy at The Beautiful Foundation and Dr. Sung-Ju Kim, assistant professor of social work at North Carolina State University.For the full report of the 2020 Global Philanthropy Tracker, please go to* The data for this report were provided by Korea NGO Council for Overseas Development Cooperation (KCOC) and GuideStar Korea.ContentThe philanthropic giving environment in South KoreaInformation on philanthropic giving in South Korea, including the amounts, sources, and uses of domestic philanthropic contributionsNew forms of philanthropyFuture trends in the philanthropic landscapeKey recommendations to improve the environment for philanthropy

Japanese Participants at the International Studies Conference and the Institute of Pacific Relations in the Twenty Years’ Crisis

November 19, 2020

The proposed project for the research at the Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC) was "a re-assessment of the discourse of the International in the twentieth century." It was to examine how the idea of the "International" was formed. By the "International," I meant the counter-communist notion of the "International," which became the core of what we often term the "liberal international order" of the twentieth century. This research now forms a part of my broader book project. What follows here are my findings on one of the three focuses in this recent research at the RAC, which were also synthesized with documents from the League of Nations Archives and the Unesco Archives, and my thoughts on them.

Girls, The Agents of Change

April 2, 2019

Funding for adolescent girls has been gaining traction in recent years. While feminist funders have traditionally focused on women and young people, there has been a drive to put more flexible funding in the hands of girl-led and girl-centered organisations. This evaluation reviews and assesses the With and For Girls Collective, the With and For Girls Award and the awards journey with a view to drawing out lessons from the Collective's experience to help encourage funders to increase flexible funding and other resources to girl-led and girl-centered organisations globally.

Philanthropy in Asia: Working Paper No.4 The Emergence of Chinese Women Philanthropists in Singapore, 1900-1945: The Sisterhoods of the "Sor Hei"

October 1, 2018

In the late 19th century, an extraordinary cohort of unmarried women left their native Chinese shores in groups called sisterhoods, to boldly carve out a life for themselves in distant lands. They did this to earn their own money and be mistresses of their own fates.Many of these brave women were determined not to be forced into marriage and while remaining celibate became Sor Hei, meaning "those who bun up their hair" (the hallmark of married women). In sworn sisterhoods, the Sor Hei found work in the British colonies of Singapore and Hong Kong and became icons in Singapore social history as Samsui por (construction workers) and Amahs (domestic helpers).This paper briefly examines how these humble women broke new economic and social ground for Chinese women. It explains why they left Canton to live in the British colonies, and how they survived in these alien lands. It also examines the social constructs and networks that they evolved for their own community, as single women living within larger overseas Chinese migrant groups. We also trace how their financial independence enabled them to become among the first Chinese women diaspora philanthropists.

Taxing for Shared Prosperity: Policy Options for the Asia-Pacific Region

December 8, 2017

The Asia-Pacific region was a model for 'growing with equity' in the 1970s and 1980s. Rapid economic growth was achieved without major increases in inequality. However an economic take-off and market-oriented reforms in recent years, despite helping hundreds of millions to be lifted out of extreme poverty, has been accompanied by growing income and wealth gaps between rich and poor. This increase in inequality has greatly diminished the ability of economic growth to reduce poverty.This report suggests a course for the region's economies to be defined by inclusive growth and shared prosperity. It argues that tax policies can play an essential role in an effective pursuit of Sustainable Development Goal 10, which calls for reducing inequality. Taxes provide the main public revenue source for financing essential public programmes for inclusive development, such as healthcare, education, social protection and welfare schemes. And taxes can become a powerful policy tool for direct redistribution of income and wealth in a society.

Rapidly Growing Middle Class Presents Severe Challenge for the Environment and Human Health in Asia and the Pacific

May 19, 2016

Unprecedented economic growth, which has lifted millions out of poverty in Asia and the Pacific, is putting heavy pressure on ecosystems. Increasing unsustainable consumption patterns have led to worsening air pollution, water scarcity and waste generation and threaten human and environmental health. Increased demand for fossil fuels and natural resources - extensive agriculture, palm oil and rubber plantations, aquaculture and the illegal trade in wildlife – are causing environmental degradation and biodiversity loss. Countries are taking action towards a green growth path but, despite increased investments for example in renewable energy, the exploding demand risks undoing development gains. The situation is exacerbated by adverse climate change effects and an increasing number of natural disasters, which are causing devastating human and financial losses in the region. Extreme climate events are projected to become the new normal. The GEO-6 report looks at the state of play in key areas, highlights drivers of environmental impacts and looks at ways to address them.

Global Environment Outlook: GEO-6 Regional Assessment for Asia and the Pacific

May 19, 2016

Welcome to the GEO-6 regional assessment for Asia and the Pacific, through which the UNEP Secretariat and authors provide an objective evaluation and analysis of the state, trends and outlooks of the environment in the region in order to support environmental decision making. In this assessment, the judgement of experts is applied to existing knowledge to provide scientifically credible answers to policy-relevant questions. These questions include, but are not limited to:What is happening to the environment in Asia and thePacific and why?What are the consequences for the environment and thehuman population of Asia and the Pacific?What is being done and how effective is it?What are the prospects for the environment in the future?What action could be taken to achieve a more sustainable future?

Turning Finance Into Services for the Future: A Regional Synthesis of the Service Delivery Assessments for Water Supply and Sanitation in East Asia and the Pacific

June 1, 2015

This report looks at the Service Delivery Assessments (SDAs) that were carried out in seven countries in East Asia and the Pacific. The SDAs looked at rural and urban water supply, as well as rural and urban sanitation. The assessements are a means to determine whether access trends and available funding are sufficient to meet sector targets and to identify specific issues that should be addressed to ensure that finance is effectively turned into sustainable services.

Social Enterprises in Asia: An Introductory Guide

May 13, 2014

Over the decades, social enterprises (SEs) have gained increased recognition for their ability to bring about fair and equitable social transformations. Their unique models provide an additional mode of engagement for individuals and institutions interested in addressing social issues.Social enterprises (SEs) take the form of a non-profit or for-profit and vary in size and structure but what unites all SEs is their business approach to social change. Instead of maximizing profits, SEs apply market practices to maximizing impact and strive to optimize finances in support of their social or environmental missions. SEs form an integral role in a larger social innovation sector -- they act as on-the-ground implementers of social solutions.Early social entrepreneurs in Asia tended to be foreigners or returning patriates, but homegrown Asian social entrepreneurs are now more common. Some of the world's largest and most well known SEs, like Grameen Bank and BRAC Enterprises, got their start in Asia.It is difficult to state the number of SEs there are in Asia since SEs are so diverse in their nature and scope of activities. Because of the relatively recent introduction of the term, many organizations may not even self-identify as a social enterprise even though they function as one.As Asia continues to undergo drastic social, demographic, and economic changes, SEs can play a role to ensure that future Asian growth is inclusive and sustainable. SEs reach underserved communities, linking them to products and services that enhance their quality of life and income generation ability. However, a number of issues must be addressed before SEs can become a part of mainstream Asian economies and societies.

Asia-Pacific Aspirations: Perspectives for a Post-2015 Development Agenda, Asia-Pacific Regional MDGs Report 2012/13

January 1, 2014

Asia and the Pacific has made good progress towards the MDGs, though the region will still need to make greater efforts if it is to meet some important targets. Now it has the opportunity to set its sights higher when considering priorities for a post-2015 framework.

Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014

January 1, 2014

The Key Indicators for Asia and the Pacific 2014 is the flagship annual statistical publication of the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The Key Indicators presents the latest available indicators for the 48 regional ADB members. It contains analyses and statistical tables on the Millennium Development Goals and eight other economic, financial, social, and environmental themes. The Key Indicators also includes a special chapter -- "Poverty in Asia: A Deeper Look" -- that reviews the direction and pace of Asia's poverty

Freedom on the Net 2013

October 3, 2013

Freedom on the Net 2013 is the fourth report in a series of comprehensive studies of internet freedom around the globe and covers developments in 60 countries that occurred between May 2012 and April 2013. Over 60 researchers, nearly all based in the countries they analyzed, contributed to the project by researching laws and practices relevant to the digital media, testing the accessibility of select websites, and interviewing a wide range of sources, among other research activities. This edition's findings indicate that internet freedom worldwide is in decline, with 34 out of 60 countries assessed in the report experiencing a negative trajectory during the coverage period. Broad surveillance, new laws controlling web content, and growing arrests of social-media users drove this overall decline in internet freedom in the past year. Nonetheless, Freedom on the Net 2013 also found that activists are becoming more effective at raising awareness of emerging threats and, in several cases, have helped forestall new repressive measures.