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Sexual Harassment in the Media – Africa Report

July 12, 2021

In 2020, WAN-IFRA Women in News (WIN), in partnership with City, University of London,  set out to establish the extent of sexual harassment in news organisations and to gauge their effectiveness in managing it. The research project focused on regions where WIN operates: Africa, the Arab region, Southeast Asia and Russia. In addition, a survey of Central America will begin soon.This report is a summary of its findings in Africa. The project included an online survey and interviews. Some 584 media professionals completed the online survey. They were from eight countries in Africa, namely Botswana, Malawi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The overall tally includes eight responses from within Africa that were outside the focus countries. WIN conducted supplementary interviews with 32 media executives from those countries.

Information and Communications Technologies and Secondary Education in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies, Practices, Trends and Recommendations

November 1, 2019

The following report discusses the use of Information Communications Technologies (ICTs) to improve access to, quality of, and delivery of secondary education within sub-Saharan Africa. It discusses the policy environment for ICTs in sub-Saharan Africa, their successes, challenges, andlessons learned, and it concludes with a broad and detailed set of recommendations for policymakers, donors, the private sector, designers, and implementers of ICTs in education programs. The report seeks to generally answer the question of how sub-Saharan African (SSA) governments can best use technology to improve access to secondary education, improve learning, strengthen management of schools and the education system, and foster innovation.

Climate Change Vulnerability And Risk Analysis In The Bobirwa Sub-District, Botswana: Towards improving livelihood adaptation to climate

July 27, 2017

In November 2015, ASSAR's southern Africa researchers - from the University of Botswana, University of Cape Town, University of Namibia and Oxfam GB - conducted a two-day Vulnerability Risk Assessment (VRA) workshop in Bobirwa, Botswana.The workshop was attended by various government officials, Village Development Committee members, local community members and representatives from farmer committees, collectively known as the VRA Knowledge Group.The VRA process aims to develop a common understanding among various stakeholders (government officials, village committees and local communities) of the main hazards and issues affecting those living in a given social-ecological landscape. This is done so as to design measures that reduce risk, enhance wellbeing and promote resilience to hazards in the landscape.

Preparing for Transformative Scenario Planning in Botswana

July 27, 2017

The University of Botswana, together with the University of Cape Town, organised a Transformative Scenario Planning (TSP) training workshop in Botswana, facilitated by Colleen Magner and Karen Goldberg from REOS Partners in South Africa. The TSP training workshop, which took place from 29 to 30 June 2016 in Gaborone, was targeted at the ASSAR research team, as well as key stakeholders of the ASSAR project.The main objectives of the TSP training were to build capacity in TSP, get buy-in for the TSP methodology from the key stakeholders, test the TSP methodology in the context of Botswana and determine what the TSP process in Botswana could be convened around. The theme for the TSP training was 'The future of water security in Botswana by 2035'.

Adapting Through Crisis: Lessons from ACHAP's Contributions to the Fight against HIV/AIDS in Botswana

September 26, 2014

This is an in-depth report on the first public-private partnership to tackle the HIV epidemic at a national scale in Sub-Saharan Africa. Based on the experience of the African Comprehensive HIV/AIDS Partnerships (ACHAP) working with industry leaders, NGOs, and the government over the past fifteen years. This report offers lessons learned from ACHAP's successes and challenges, and implications for other global health partnerships.

Women and Youth Entrepreneurship in Botswana

January 16, 2013

The study on women and youth entrepreneurship in Botswana investigated the environmental factors that affect the performance of Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) with specific focus on microenterprises (defined as those that employ less than 6 people including owner and annual turnover of less than P60,000) and the extent to which the microenterprises have utilized the government institutional credit and capacity building programmes to expand their enterprises. 

A Risky Climate for Southern African Hydro

September 14, 2012

This in-depth study of the hydrological risks to hydropower dams on the Zambezi River gives an early warning about what Southern Africa could be facing as it contemplates plans for more large hydropower dams in a time of climate change.Currently, 13,000 megawatts of new large-dam hydro is proposed for the Zambezi and its tributaries. The report finds that existing and proposed hydropower dams are not being properly evaluated for the risks from natural hydrological variability (which is extremely high in the Zambezi), much less the risks posed by climate change.Overall, Africa's fourth-largest river will experience worse droughts and more extreme floods. Dams being proposed and built now will be negatively affected, yet energy planning in the basin is not taking serious steps to address these huge hydrological uncertainties. The result could be dams that are uneconomic, disruptive to the energy sector, and possibly even dangerous.The report recommends a series of steps to address the coming storm of hydrological changes, including changes to how dams are planned and operated.

Promoting Good Hygiene Practices: Key Elements and Practical Lessons

July 18, 2011

Summarizes papers and case studies about promoting hygiene in South and Southeast Asia, the Pacific, and Africa. Synthesizes lessons learned, including: know the focus groups, ensure opportunities for change, and enable and motivate good hygiene practice.

Retailing and Sustainable Development in Botswana

May 31, 2011

Retailing, the sale of goods and services to the ultimate consumer for personal, family or household use (Berman and Evans, 2004; Cox and Roger, 1996), does not only provide value to consumers by offering an assortment of goods and services, it also contributes significantly to gross domestic product (GDP) through investment in technology, employment income, and generation of government revenue through taxation and tax collection.

Innovative Corporate Social Responsibility in Botswana: The Debswana Mining Company Study Case

January 1, 2011

This paper presents a study case on innovative corporate social responsibility as a very important aspect of management planning and, in the process, explores some trends and new ideas pertaining to corporate social responsibility in mining industries. Some pertinent literature is reviewed as a theoretical frame to introduce the presentation of the Debswana Mining Company case to show innovative corporate social responsibility in the mining industries in Botswana.

Breaking the Cycle: An International Comparison of U.S. Mathematics Teacher Preparation

April 15, 2010

Compares courses taken, experience, and knowledge of mathematics and pedagogy among future elementary and middle school mathematics teachers in sixteen countries. Explores links to student performance and calls for reforms in certification and curricula.

Evaluation of HIV counseling and testing in ANC settings and adherence to short course antiretroviral prophylaxis for PMTCT in Francistown, Botswana

March 1, 2009

Worldwide, it is estimated that two million children are infected with HIV (USAID 2005). The vast majority of these infections are the result of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of the virus during pregnancy, labor, or breastfeeding. However, there are effective methods for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT). Botswana is one of the first countries in the developing world with a national PMTCT program that uses an efficacious and complex regimen to reduce vertical transmission. At the time of this evaluation (August - December 2005), the standard of care for prevention of MTCT of HIV in Botswana included three-drug antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected women with a CD4 count of < 200; twelve weeks of zidovudine (AZT) for women with CD4>200 (300 mg AZT in the morning and 300 mg AZT in the evening); four weeks of AZT for their infants; single-dose maternal and infant nevirapine (NVP); and 12 months of free infant formula. Botswana's PMTCT program also provided routine HIV testing for all pregnant women during antenatal care (ANC) to identify HIV-positive women for prophylaxis or treatment. While programs often report the number of individuals beginning AZT and receiving nevirapine for PMTCT, effectiveness is dependent on the level of adherence of individuals to these regimens. To describe adherence of pregnant women to the current PMTCT regimen, the Horizons Program of the Population Council, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Premiere Personnel in Botswana, conducted an evaluation to describe HIV-related services provided to women during their pregnancies, document the content of post-test counseling sessions for HIV-positive pregnant women, whether HIV-positive women remembered what had been discussed, the extent of AZT adherence based on self-reports, and the operational successes and barriers to adherence to AZT for PMTCT.