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No One Is Spared: Abuses Against Older People in Armed Conflict

February 1, 2022

This report describes patterns of abuses against older people affected by armed conflict in Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, South Sudan, Syria, and Ukraine. It also draws on the situation of serious protracted violence in two English-speaking regions of Cameroon, Myanmar security force atrocities against older ethnic Rohingya in Rakhine State, and the experiences of older refugees in Lebanon displaced by conflict in Syria. It also includes abuses against older people in the 2020 armed conflict in the ethnic-Armenian-majority enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.

Learning Through Play: Increasing impact, Reducing inequality

January 1, 2021

What is the potential of children's play to promote equality in outcomes and address learning gaps between children from more advantaged and less advantaged backgrounds? Drawing evidence from early childhood learning programmes across 18 countries, as well as from interviews with the authors of various contributing studies, this report aims to understand whether and how the evidence about play and learning relates to tackling the learning crisis, especially in terms of inequality in learning outcomes around the globe.This report published by the LEGO Foundation shows that play not only helps children learn, it also supports inclusion, and reduces inequality, therefore demonstrating that policymakers and international organisations need to pay close attention to play. Building on their findings, the authors suggest four areas for future investment, innovation and investigation.

Education Governance in Sub-Saharan Africa

February 1, 2019

This paper addresses the issue of education governance in SSA in an attempt to shed light on the status of and developments in this area with a focus on lessons learned from various efforts across the region and recommendations on how to strengthen governance of secondary education. The paper is intended to serve as a background paper on secondary education governance in SSA which will be used to contribute to a more comprehensive publication on secondary education in SSA and the future of work. The paper addresses two key topics under secondary education governance: 1) Accountability as an important aspect of education governance, and 2) the need for enhancing institutional capacity to collect and use educational statistics, and how effective use of data can support education governance. The authors identify several specific actionable recommendations to help policy makers in SSA countries, depending on the local context, implement improvements in the governance of their secondary education systems at central, provincial, and local levels

Plataformas Que Activan La Innovación: Un Nuevo Enfoque Para La Cooperación Internacional Al Desarrollo

December 1, 2018

Since 1997, the "La Caixa" Foundation has been promoting international cooperation programs in order to provide opportunities and improve the living conditions of vulnerable populations in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Over this period of 20 years, working in partnership with different cooperation actors has brought us to a process of continuous learning and formulation of new tools and methods that enable us to improve our interventions.For this reason, in 2016 we decided to launch the Work4Progress program. It responds to the need to rethink the way in which our organization promotes international cooperation projects, to experiment with new tools to strengthen their impact and to incorporate a new focus on social innovation.The Work4Progress program thus supports the creation of "Open Innovation Platforms for the creation of employment in Peru, India and Mozambique" by means of collaborative partnerships between local civil society organizations, the private sector, administration, universities and Spanish NGOs.The main innovation of this program is the incorporation of new tools and methodologies in: (1) listening and identification of community needs, (2) co-creation and prototyping of new solutions, (3) exploration of instruments for scaling, (4) governance, (5) evolving evaluation systems and (6) financing strategies. The goal of all of this is to try to incorporate innovation strategies in all its components in an integral manner.Work4Progress has been designed with a Think and Do Tank mentality. The member organizations of the platforms are experimenting in the field, while a group of international experts helps us to obtain this knowledge and share it with centers of thought and action at an international level. In fact, this is the objective of this publication: to share the theoretical framework of the program, to connect these ideas with concrete examples and to continue to strengthen the meeting point between social innovation and development cooperation.Work4Progress is offered as a "living lab" to test new methodologies that may be useful for other philanthropic institutions, government or entities specializing in international development.In this publication, the manner in which its action is structured is defined as a "second operating system". The aim is not to modify the systems, procedures or devices that the international cooperation entities currently have in place, but rather to launch a complementary space that allows for the testing of new tools and procedures, which sometimes cannot be developed due to a lack of time, knowledge or financing.W4P enables us, as an entity, to depart from the traditional framework of project financers in order to act as a facilitator or driver of innovation platforms together with other public and private partners. The Sustainable Development Goals require us to work on platforms in this manner. We need to take advantage of this opportunity.

The 'presentist bias' in time-series data: Implications for fisheries science and policy

February 3, 2018

The bias in catch time series data that occurs when improvements in fisheries catch reporting systems (e.g.,consideration of a previously unmonitored fishery, or region) lead to an increase in current catches without thecorresponding past catches being corrected retroactively, here called 'presentist bias' is described, and twoexamples, pertaining to Mozambique and Tanzania are given. This bias has the effect of generating catch timeseries at the aggregate that appear 'stable' or increasing when in fact catches are declining over time, withpotentially serious consequences for the assessment of the status of national fisheries, or in interpreting theglobal landings data disseminated by the FAO. The presentist bias can be compensated for by retroactive nationaldata corrections as done, e.g., through catch reconstructions.

The Phosphorus Efficient Bean Project: Successes, Lessons, and Good Practices in Agroecological Intensification

September 1, 2017

The project showed that investments in agriculture can have a significant impact, but it is necessary to invest in the development of human resources, to have suitable policies in place, and to ensure engagement of government and private institutions

Balancing Financial Viability and User Affordability: An Assessment of Six WASH Service Delivery Models

August 1, 2017

This Topic Brief presents assessments of the financial performance of six WSUP-supported WASH service delivery models in Bangladesh, Madagascar, Mozambique and Zambia. Each model has been developed in partnership with locally mandated service providers to facilitate sustainable, at-scale improvements to low-income urban populations.

The State of Handwashing in 2016

March 28, 2017

2016 was a big year in hand hygiene! This summary outlines key themes and findings from 59 peer-reviewed handwashing-related research papers published in 2016, relevant to low and middle-income countries, around 1) the benefits of handwashing with soap, 2) handwashing compliance, 3) approaches to handwashing behavior, 4) determinants of handwashing with soap, and 5) handwashing hardware efficacy.

Funding for Small-scale Fisheries A Landscape Overview

October 31, 2016

This report examines support for small-scale fishery projects, and provides an overview of Rare's Fish Forever initiative.Key findings include:Funding from Foundations-Between 2007 to 2015, we identified $91 million in grants directed towards small-scale fishing (SSF) projects. An additional $136 million in grants was directed towards projects that may be relevant for small-scale fisheries, but it is not clear from the grant description –most of these grants are for marine protected areas. In sum, this is ~$10-$23 million per year in grants to projects that are potentially relevant for SSF.-Approximately 0.5% of all foundation grantmaking goes to marine conservation, and  we estimate that between 5-12% of that is directed to SSF relevant projects.Funding from DFI's-Based on a review of the funding of seven major DFIs (World Bank, GEF, IADB, ADB, KfW, AfDB, and CAF) from 2000-2016, we identified $1.825 billion of investment in SSF related projects. An additional $4.351 billion was invested in projects that may be relevant for small-scale fisheries (e.g., coastal zone management). In sum this amounts to  ~$107-$363 million per year of funding from these DFIs for projects that are potentially relevant for SSF.-SSF related projects made up less than 0.5%on average of the DFI's portfolios.

Making Women's Voices Count in Community Decision-Making on Land Investments

July 1, 2016

The adverse impacts of commercialization and largescale land acquisitions in the global South are often disproportionately borne by women. The loss of access to farmland and common areas hit women harder than men in many communities, and women are often excluded from compensation and benefit schemes. Women's social disadvantages, including their lack of formal land rights and generally subordinate position, make it difficult for them to voice their interests in the management and proposed allocation of community land to investors. While the development community and civil society have pushed for standards and safeguard policies that promote the meaningful involvement of rural communities generally in land acquisitions and investments, strengthening the participation of women as a distinct stakeholder group requires specific attention.This working paper examines options for strengthening women's participatory rights in the face of increasing commercial pressures on land in three countries: Mozambique, Tanzania, and the Philippines. It focuses on how regulatory reform—reforms in the rules, regulations, guidelines, and procedures that implement national land acquisition and investment laws—can promote gender equity and allow women to realize the rights afforded by national legal frameworks and international standards. The paper stems from a collaborative project between World Resources Institute and partner organizations in the three countries studied.

Government Investment in Sanitation

April 1, 2016

In May 2015, African leaders committed to budget allocations amounting to 0.5% of their countries'respective Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to sanitation and hygiene by 2020. Specifically, thiscommitment was part of the Ngor Declaration adopted at the fourth African Conference on Sanitationand Hygiene (AfricaSan) by ministers responsible for sanitation and hygiene.1 This brief explores thecontext of this commitment: how much are governments currently investing in sanitation? How can thisinvestment be increased?

Participatory Planning for Climate Compatible Development in Maputo, Mozambique / Planeamento participativo para o desenvolvimento compatível com o clima em Maputo, Moçambique

November 13, 2015

Participatory Planning for Climate Compatible Development in Maputo, Mozambique is a practitioners' handbook that builds upon the experience of a pilot project that was awarded the United Nations 'Lighthouse Activity' Award.Building upon a long scholarly tradition of participatory planning, this dual-language (English/Portuguese) book addresses crucial questions about the relevance of citizen participation in planning for climate compatible development and argues that citizens have knowledge and access to resources that enable them to develop a sustainable vision for their community. In order to do so, the author proposes a Participatory Action Planning methodology to organise communities, and also advances mechanisms for institutional development through partnerships.