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Morocco, Algeria, Egypt: Assessing EU plans to import hydrogen from North Africa

May 15, 2022

A new study commission by CEO and the Transnational Institute shows the EU's plan to drastically increase imports of renewable hydrogen from North Africa is not realistic from a cost or energy perspective, and instead diverts renewable electricity away from local needs and local climate targets.The study was written by energy expert Michael Barnard and sees production costs making renewable hydrogen potentially up to 11 times more expensive than using natural gas, and that's before storage and transport costs are factored in.The EU's unrealistic import targets are allowing Big Oil and Gas to sneak hydrogen from natural gas through the back door, using green hydrogen as a trojan horse to keep drilling and selling their main product.

The Unfreedom Monitor: A Methodology for Tracking Digital Authoritarianism Around the World

April 1, 2022

Digital communications technologies have been a powerful tool in the advancement of democratic governance, but in recent years there is concern that they are being used to undermine democracy as well. The Unfreedom Monitor, part of Global Voices' Advox project, aims to study and report on this growing phenomenon. This briefing document provides an overview of key developments in digital authoritarianism in a sample of 10 countries, while explaining the theoretical framework and methodology behind the project. The document also provides a basis for expanding this research to other countries so we can deepen our understanding of digital authoritarianism globally as well as its crucial implications for the future.

How have corporate industrial food systems been entrenched into the Arab region?

November 23, 2021

* This report examines the rapid growth of agribusinesses and corporate food systems in the Arab region since the 1980s, especially the underlying political and economic factors. Egypt, Morocco, and Lebanon are used as case studies.* The following characteristics are highlighted and explained: 1) The critical function of capital and investment funds that come from three main sources - Gulf region; Western multinationals; local companies. 2) Agribusinesses in the region must be understood as a system, relying on personal relationships and informal ties among the region's elites, organized as joint ventures and partnerships, with large companies monopolizing market shares, and exerting considerable power over consumers and smaller suppliers/producers. 3) The centrality of political connections and government support in the agribusinesses' smooth operation.* Companies discussed include: Savola, Al Marai, Danone, Nestle, Juhayna.* Understanding the roots and key features of these corporate industrial food systems is very important because of implications for policy discussions and for actions to address concerns. For example: How does government support for free market rather than smallholder farmers affect food sovereignty? How best to address avian flu outbreaks in Egypt that usually leave large intensive poultry agribusinesses in stronger positions? Instead of focusing activist actions on Gulf and local companies which are less likely to be swayed by publicity, it is more effective to lobby multinational companies headquartered in Europe and the U.S. that have entered markets in the Arab region.

Sustainability Assessment of Rural Water Service Delivery Models : Findings of a Multi-Country Review

August 25, 2017

With 2.1 billion people – mostly in rural areas – lacking safely managed drinking water and reported low rural water supply functionality rates, the Sustainable Development Goals pose a triple challenge: to reach unserved mostly rural population groups, to raise service levels, and to sustain existing and future services. This assessment uses a multi-country case study approach to identify good practices and challenges toward building sector capacity and strengthening sustainable service delivery models for rural areas. Recognizing the limitations of the Demand Responsive Approach, the emergence of various management models, the identified need for ongoing support to rural service providers, and the critical role of enabling institutions and policies beyond the community-level, the added value of this assessment lies in: i) the development of a comprehensive analytical framework that can be used to analyze and operationalize a more sustainable service delivery approach for rural water supply; ii) the rich set of cases and good practices from the 16 countries informing the global body of "knowledge in implementation," and iii) the formulation of recommendations and policy directions to improve the sustainability of services depending on sector development stage. Policy recommendations are centered around five areas: institutional capacity, financing, asset management, water resources management, and monitoring and regulatory oversight.

Social Protection, Building Dignity: Improving working conditions of women workers in the berry sector of Morocco

July 23, 2015

Results from this report show that increased collaboration and joint initiatives between workers, civil society, producers, European importers and government institutions have enabled change in the lives of thousands of women. This synergy is now ongoing and the collaboration between these stakeholders will continue. Looking forward, there is room for local associations, government agencies, producers and importers to build on the accomplishments achieved to date. Through the leadership that they have developed throughout the course of the programme, women workers can be central to these efforts to drive long-term sustainable changes across Morocco's agriculture sector.

Women Strawberry Workers in Morocco: Accessing rights to secure and decent work

November 12, 2014

This case study explores how positive action brought about change and enabled women strawberry pickers in Morocco to claim their rights Following training and literacy classes, they now help to empower other women. In its work with strawberry workers to claim their rights, Oxfam has collaborated with the Ethical Trading Initiative and its British retailer members, as well as with the importers that provide retailers with the fruit.  

Economic Empowerment of Women

November 8, 2013

This document presents a two page overview of UN Women's work on economic empowerment: "Many international commitments support women's economic empowerment, including the Beijing Platform for Action, [CEDAW] and a series of [ILO] conventions on gender equality. UN Women supports women's economic empowerment in line with these, and with the growing body of evidence that shows that gender equality significantly contributes to advancing economies and sustainable development. Working with a variety of partners, our programmes promote women's ability to secure decent jobs, accumulate assets, and influence institutions and public policies determining growth and development. One critical area of focus involves advocacy to measure women's unpaid care work, and to take actions so women and men can more readily combine it with paid employment."

Entrepreneuriat Des Jeunes Et Développement De L’esprit D’entreprise Au Maroc : L’expérience De Moukawalati

August 1, 2013

Le programme Moukawalati, objet de notre recherche, vise à lutter contre le chômage des jeunes au Maroc à travers la promotion de l'esprit d'entreprise et l'amélioration du climat des affaires. À la lumière  des résultats de notre étude quantitative et qualitative, il apparaît que l'impact de ce programme est extrêmement faible. D'où la formulation de plusieurs recommandations pour promouvoir l'autoemploi des  jeunes au moyen de la création de micros et petites entreprises viables.

Giving in Transition and Transitions in Giving: Philanthropy in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia 2011-2013

May 1, 2013

This publication explores how shifts in the sociopolitical environment in Egypt, Libya and Tunisia manifested themselves in the philanthropic realm during an uncertain mid-point in the transitions. To what extent have both institutional and informal philanthropy evolved to keep up with the pace of escalating needs and expectations of the people? As those shifts continue in all three countries, with variations to be explored in each country chapter, the report encourages actors in the sector to take bolder steps from diagnostics to action.

Climate Change, Migration, and Conflict in Northwest Africa

April 18, 2012

Examines how climate change affects the number of migrants from sub-Saharan Africa traveling through Nigeria, Niger, Algeria, and Morocco; increased security risks in the region; how these factors exacerbate one another; and intercontinental implications.

Civicus State of Civil Society 2011

January 1, 2012

This paper observes two dimensions (civic engagement and level of organisation) to report on volunteerism in civil society in several African countries, taken into account direct and indirect, organised and non-organised volunteering actions and the opportunities and challenges for expanding volunteerism on the African continent. The quantitative and qualitative analysis is based on data gathered in eight African countries in the last phase of CSI, held from 2008 to 2011: Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Morocco, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, Togo and Zambia.

Diagnostic Des Modes De Résolution De Litiges Commerciaux Au Maroc : Cas De La Région Tanger Tétouan

November 5, 2011

La présente étude, qui constitue un essai d'évaluation des modes de règlement de litiges commerciaux au Maroc, (ci-après MRLC) permet de déterminer la nature et l'ampleur des obstacles entravant l'existence au Maroc, d'une justice commerciale de qualité et d'un environnement d'affaires plus propice.