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2020 Census Faces Challenges in Rural America

December 18, 2017

The 2020 Census will have ramifications for every person in the United States, urban and rural residents alike. Interest in the Census is growing and the Census Bureau's plans are becoming more concrete, but little has been written about the special challenges that will make some rural areas and populations difficult to enumerate accurately.

Rural Children Increasingly Rely on Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Programs for Health Insurance

September 11, 2014

A new analysis for First Focus by Bill O'Hare shows that children in rural communities are more likely than their urban counterparts to get health care through the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and Medicaid. With federal funding for CHIP scheduled to end next year, this report illustrates the importance of extending CHIP funding for children in rural America.

The Changing Child Population of the United States: Analysis of Data From the 2010 Census

November 2, 2011

Provides an overview of 2000-10 trends in the U.S. child population, including rate of growth compared with previous decades, changes in the share of Latino and racial minority populations, and changes at the state level and in large cities.

Rural Areas Risk Being Overlooked in 2010 Census

March 1, 2010

Provides an overview of factors that complicate the census in rural areas, including seasonal and temporary employment, vacation homes, and lack of funding; population groups most likely to be undercounted in rural counties; and long-term ramifications.

Why Are Young Children Missed So Often in the Census?

December 15, 2009

Analyzes data on the high net undercount of children, examines contributing factors and consequences, and considers prospects for the 2010 census. Makes recommendations for child advocacy groups and nonprofits, including partnering with the Census Bureau.

The Forgotten Fifth: Child Poverty in Rural America

July 15, 2009

Analyzes demographic trends among the one-fifth of poor children who live in rural areas and compares child poverty rates in rural and urban areas. Explores the roles of family structure, employment, and education and the effects of government assistance.

Data on Children in Foster Care From the Census Bureau

June 30, 2008

Explores 2000 census data on foster children, data quality and potential for analysis, limitations, and the causes of those limitations. Highlights socioeconomic and other characteristics of foster families from 2006 American Community Survey data.

Rural Children Increasingly Rely on Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Programs for Medical Care

May 11, 2007

The increasing number of American children with health insurance coverage over the past ten years has been driven by increased coverage for children in low-income families, which is the result of expanded coverage by Medicaid and SCHIP. There is widespread agreement that the expansion of Medicaid and introduction of SCHIP have worked. The increased effectiveness of these public-sector health insurance programs more than offset the decrease in coverage through the private sector. Despite a recent flurry of reports on health insurance coverage for children, virtually none of them have examined the unique situation of rural families where one-fifth of all of our nation's poor children live. Data presented in this report show that the experience of children in small towns and rural areas often differs from the experience of their big-city counterparts. The nationwide shift to public-sector health insurance coverage for children is even more pronounced for rural America where more than one-third of all children rely on SCHIP and Medicaid for health care. Enrollment in SCHIP and Medicaid is 6 percentage points higher for rural children than for urban children. Given the deteriorating job situation in many parts of rural America, the availability of public-sector health insurance for the families of low-income workers is even more important in rural areas than in other parts of the country.