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2020 Census Faces Challenges in Rural America

December 18, 2017

The 2020 Census will have ramifications for every person in the United States, urban and rural residents alike. Interest in the Census is growing and the Census Bureau's plans are becoming more concrete, but little has been written about the special challenges that will make some rural areas and populations difficult to enumerate accurately.

Rural Children Increasingly Rely on Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Programs for Health Insurance

September 11, 2014

A new analysis for First Focus by Bill O'Hare shows that children in rural communities are more likely than their urban counterparts to get health care through the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) and Medicaid. With federal funding for CHIP scheduled to end next year, this report illustrates the importance of extending CHIP funding for children in rural America.

The Changing Child Population of the United States: Analysis of Data From the 2010 Census

November 2, 2011

Provides an overview of 2000-10 trends in the U.S. child population, including rate of growth compared with previous decades, changes in the share of Latino and racial minority populations, and changes at the state level and in large cities.

Rural Areas Risk Being Overlooked in 2010 Census

March 1, 2010

Provides an overview of factors that complicate the census in rural areas, including seasonal and temporary employment, vacation homes, and lack of funding; population groups most likely to be undercounted in rural counties; and long-term ramifications.

Why Are Young Children Missed So Often in the Census?

December 15, 2009

Analyzes data on the high net undercount of children, examines contributing factors and consequences, and considers prospects for the 2010 census. Makes recommendations for child advocacy groups and nonprofits, including partnering with the Census Bureau.

The Forgotten Fifth: Child Poverty in Rural America

July 15, 2009

Analyzes demographic trends among the one-fifth of poor children who live in rural areas and compares child poverty rates in rural and urban areas. Explores the roles of family structure, employment, and education and the effects of government assistance.

Rural Children Are More Likely to Live in Cohabiting-Couple Households

July 10, 2009

Examines the rise in the percentage of rural children living with cohabiting parents and explores the economic factors behind the trend. Compares the poverty rates, education, and employment of rural and urban cohabiters and considers policy implications.

Data on Children in Foster Care From the Census Bureau

June 30, 2008

Explores 2000 census data on foster children, data quality and potential for analysis, limitations, and the causes of those limitations. Highlights socioeconomic and other characteristics of foster families from 2006 American Community Survey data.

Rural Soldiers Continue to Account for a Disproportionately High Share of U.S. Casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan

November 8, 2007

When the country goes to war, all Americans are expected to make sacrifices and rural Americans have always stepped forward to do their part in past wars and national emergencies. However, as the data presented here attests, today's rural Americans are making the ultimate sacrifice in disproportionately high numbers. Examination of deaths based on hometown in the Department of Defense records shows soldiers from rural America are dying at a higher rate than soldiers from big cities and suburbs. In most states, soldiers from rural areas make up a disproportionately high share of casualties.

Child Poverty High in Rural America

September 7, 2007

On Aug. 28, 2007, new data from the U.S. Census Bureau's American Community Survey show that 22 percent of rural children are living in poverty, up from 19 percent in 2000. On average, rates are highest in the nonmetropolitan South (27 percent) and have climbed the most in the nonmetropolitan Midwest (by 3.9 percentage points). The child poverty rate is the most widely used indicator of child well-being because poverty is closely linked to undesirable outcomes in areas such as health, education, emotional welfare, and delinquency.

Rural Children Increasingly Rely on Medicaid and State Child Health Insurance Programs for Medical Care

May 11, 2007

The increasing number of American children with health insurance coverage over the past ten years has been driven by increased coverage for children in low-income families, which is the result of expanded coverage by Medicaid and SCHIP. There is widespread agreement that the expansion of Medicaid and introduction of SCHIP have worked. The increased effectiveness of these public-sector health insurance programs more than offset the decrease in coverage through the private sector. Despite a recent flurry of reports on health insurance coverage for children, virtually none of them have examined the unique situation of rural families where one-fifth of all of our nation's poor children live. Data presented in this report show that the experience of children in small towns and rural areas often differs from the experience of their big-city counterparts. The nationwide shift to public-sector health insurance coverage for children is even more pronounced for rural America where more than one-third of all children rely on SCHIP and Medicaid for health care. Enrollment in SCHIP and Medicaid is 6 percentage points higher for rural children than for urban children. Given the deteriorating job situation in many parts of rural America, the availability of public-sector health insurance for the families of low-income workers is even more important in rural areas than in other parts of the country.

Child Poverty in Rural America: New Data Shows Increases in 41 States

November 8, 2006

On August 29th, the U.S. Census Bureau released new data on child poverty that show a disturbing increase in rural child poverty rates in many states. The child poverty rate is the most widely used indicator of child well-being because poverty is closely linked to undesirable outcomes in areas such as health, education, emotional welfare, and delinquency. Changes in child poverty signal important changes in children's quality of life and life chances.