Clear all

15 results found

reorder grid_view

Welfare Reform: What Have We Learned in Fifteen Years?

May 14, 2012

Synthesizes findings about the impact of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program on caseloads and family self-sufficiency, effective training and education strategies, and outcomes for families in moving from welfare to work.

Boomers' Retirement Income Prospects

February 7, 2012

Examines how changing demographics and patterns in lifetime earnings, pension participation, and wealth accumulation among Americans born between 1946 and 1964 will shape baby boomers' economic well-being at age 70.

How Do States' Safety Net Policies Affect Poverty?

September 13, 2011

Using Georgia, Illinois, and Massachusetts as illustrative examples, examines how states' narrow, medium, or broad policies on cash, non-cash, and tax elements of the safety net affect poverty rates among non-elderly adults and children.

Is the Safety Net Catching Unemployed Families?

September 13, 2011

Examines changes in benefits and characteristics of unemployed families and those who received unemployment, SNAP, child tax credit, and other public assistance in 2009. Considers factors behind increases in unemployment and SNAP recipients.

Understanding Early Withdrawals From Retirement Accounts

May 31, 2010

Examines early withdrawals from IRAs and 401(k)s by demographics, education, income, and reason, including job loss, poor health, and college costs. Suggests policies to expand plan participation, preserve retirement savings, and increase other savings.

Measuring Poverty at the State Level

March 31, 2010

Outlines a model for using the National Academy of Sciences poverty measure, which accounts for all income, non-discretionary work and out-of-pocket health expenses, and geographic cost variations, to estimate the effects of poverty reduction policies.

Next Steps for Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

March 12, 2010

Examines trends in the state programs' caseloads, eligibility rules, and characteristics of families receiving assistance. Presents experts' views on lessons from the recession and insights into funding, TANF's role in the safety net, and reauthorization.

Diversity in Retirement Wealth Accumulation

December 17, 2008

Examines household wealth by source, such as Social Security, home equity, savings, and defined benefit pensions; how their savings build up with age; and how total wealth accumulations vary by income, education, and race/ethnicity. Explores implications.

Tax and Spending Policy and Economic Mobility

April 1, 2008

Surveys the literature on how economic mobility is affected by federal tax policies such as the Earned Income Tax Credit and deductions for home ownership; government spending on education and health care; and income supports such as Social Security.

Retaining Older Volunteers Is Key to Meeting Future Volunteer Needs

December 13, 2007

The boomers' impending retirement has spurred interest in tapping their productive energies to benefit society. This study examines older adults' decisions to stop or start formal volunteer work. The findings show that older adults usually stick with their original decisions, but more often stop than start volunteering. Volunteers who contribute a lot of hours over many years and who are married to volunteers are less likely to quit. And nonvolunteers are more likely to start volunteering if they have been uninvolved for few years and their spouses volunteer. The results highlight the importance of volunteer retention strategies for nonprofit agencies.

Will Retiring Boomers Form a New Army of Volunteers?

December 1, 2007

This study looks at older adults retiring between 1996 and 2004 to see who engages in formal volunteering after retirement. The results, based on data from the Health and Retirement Survey, show that while most volunteers acquire the volunteer habit while still working, a significant share begins volunteer work after retirement. Among adults who retire, 45 percent engage in formal volunteer activities even though only 34 percent of these same adults volunteered while working. Since boomer cohorts following this group will be much larger, nonprofit organizations seem destined to benefit from a significant growth in the services of retirees.

Mental Health, Work and Mental Health Service Use among Low-Income Mothers

August 1, 2007

This paper analyzes how mental health problems impede low-income mothers' ability to work and how health insurance improves access to mental health treatment services. According to data from the 2002 National Survey of America's Families, low-income mothers in poor mental health are significantly less likely to work and to work full time than those without these problems. Low-income mothers with public or private health insurance are significantly more likely to receive treatment than those without insurance. Mental health problems are an important barrier to work among low-income women, and access to treatment could be improved through increased health insurance coverage.