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Equality and Non-discrimination (EQND) in Sanitation Programmes at Scale (Part 1)

September 3, 2017

A well-facilitated Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) programme that pro-actively considers and involves people who might be disadvantaged has been shown to have many benefits. A lack of this can and will often have negative impacts and make programmes and ODF unsustainable.This issue of Frontiers of CLTS looks at who should be considered potentially disadvantaged, how they can effectively participate and what may be needed to address diverse needs in order to make processes and outcomes sustainable and inclusive. Using a range of examples from GSF programmes that were part of a recent study on Equality and Non-Discrimination, it explores the challenges that may occur and concludes with suggested good practices that will strengthen the processes to the benefit of all.

Scoping and Diagnosis of the Global Sanitation Fund's Approach to Equality and Non-Discrimination

August 21, 2017

In 2016, WSSCC's Global Sanitation Fund (GSF) recruited an independent team of experts to undertake an in-depth two-part diagnosis of GSF's approach to equality and non-discrimination (EQND). The first part of the diagnosis – an assessment comprising of visits to six countries (Ethiopia, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Senegal and Togo) and a review of documentation across all GSF-supported programmes – was completed in 2017, resulting in this study. While confirming that many people who may be considered disadvantaged have benefitted positively from GSF-supported programmes, the study emphasizes that more proactive attention is needed to ensure no one is left behind. Several recommendations are offered to better integrate EQND throughout the components and stages of all GSF-supported programmes.

Humanitarian Quality Assurance - Philippines: Evaluation of Oxfam's humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda)

January 6, 2016

This evaluation report is presented as part of the Effectiveness Review Series 2014/15, selected for review under the humanitarian response thematic area using the application of Oxfam’s Humanitarian Indicator Toolkit (HIT). The report presents the findings from the evaluation carried out in January 2014, of Oxfam’s humanitarian response to Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) between November 2013 and July 2014.Super-typhoon ‘Yolanda’, known internationally as Typhoon Haiyan, made landfall over Guiuan in Eastern Samar in the Philippines in the early morning of 8 November 2013. Oxfam developed its response strategy two days after the first landfall of the typhoon with the total number of target beneficiaries at 500,000 for the first four months. The objectives of the response were to meet the protection of rights and needs of women, girls, men and boys during the humanitarian response by ensuring affected households had immediate food needs met, and supporting the restoration of livelihoods through market support interventions and access to income-generating activities to restore productive assets. The response also projected to give 500,000 disaster-affected people access to safe water and sanitation facilities, and enabled them to protect themselves from public health risks. There was also an advocacy element of access to assistance and protection, so the response contributed to longer-term social and economic development and built disaster resilience.The Humanitarian Indicator Tool (HIT) is a methodology designed to estimate the degree to which the programme meets 13 recognized quality standards via a desk review.Read more about Oxfam's Effectiveness Reviews.

Effectiveness Review: Pakistan Flood Response 2011/12

October 9, 2012

The report presents the findings of an effectiveness review carried out on Oxfam's response to the 2011/12 floods in Pakistan that was undertaken through the application of Oxfam's Humanitarian Indicator Tool. The cumulative score of 19 indicates an overall response partially meeting Oxfam's quality standards. The report provides examples of how learning from the previous flood response were incorporated into the 2011/12 response and how the longer term focus on DRR contributed to effectiveness with good examples linking research and programme experience to influencing strategies.