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In a Growing Share of U.S. Marriages, Husbands and Wives Earn About the Same

April 13, 2023

Pew Research Center conducted this study to better understand the role women and men play as economic providers in opposite-sex marriages and how this relates to the way spouses divide their time between paid work, leisure, caregiving and housework. We also looked at public attitudes about gender roles in marriages today to put the findings in a broader context.The analysis in this report is based on three separate data sources. The earnings data comes from the Annual Social and Economic Supplement of the U.S. Census Bureau's Current Population Survey. The findings on hours devoted to paid work, household responsibilities and leisure are based on data from the American Time Use Survey. The data on public attitudes was collected as part of a larger Center survey of 5,152 U.S. adults conducted Jan. 18-24, 2023. Everyone who took part in the latter is a member of Pew Research Center's American Trends Panel (ATP), an online survey panel that is recruited through national, random sampling of residential addresses. This way nearly all U.S. adults have a chance of selection. The survey is weighted to be representative of the U.S. adult population by gender, race, ethnicity, partisan affiliation, education and other categories.

What Unites and Divides Urban, Suburban and Rural Communities

May 22, 2018

Large demographic shifts are reshaping America. The country is growing in numbers, it's becoming more racially and ethnically diverse and the population is aging. But according to a new analysis by Pew Research Center, these trends are playing out differently across community types. Urban areas are at the leading edge of racial and ethnic change, with nonwhites now a clear majority of the population in urban counties while solid majorities in suburban and rural areas are white. Urban and suburban counties are gaining population due to an influx of immigrants in both types of counties, as well as domestic migration into suburban areas. In contrast, rural counties have made only minimal gains since 2000 as the number of people leaving for urban or suburban areas has outpaced the number moving in. And while the population is graying in all three types of communities, this is happening more rapidly in the suburbs than in urban and rural counties.

The Rising Age Gap in Economic Well-Being

November 7, 2011

Compares changes in median net worth of households between 1984 and 2009 by age of head of household. Examines contributing factors, including the housing market bubble, the 2007-09 recession's effect on employment, and longer-term demographic trends.

Hispanic College Enrollment Spikes, Narrowing Gaps With Other Groups

August 25, 2011

Based on October 2010 Current Population Survey data, analyzes college enrollment among 18- to 24-year-olds by race/ethnicity. Explores factors behind dramatic increases in Latino/Hispanic students and record percentages of African Americans enrolled.

Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs Between Whites, Blacks and Hispanics

July 26, 2011

Analyzes 2005-09 trends in household wealth, net worth, and asset ownership by type of asset, geography, and race/ethnicity. Examines long-term trends in wealth ratios by race/ethnicity since 1984, wealth gaps within groups, and contributing factors.

Living Together: The Economics of Cohabitation

June 27, 2011

Analyzes trends among unmarried couples ages 30 to 44 living together by education. Compares median household income, poverty rate, composition of household income, and number of children with those of married couples and those without partners.

Hispanics, High School Dropouts and the GED

May 13, 2010

Examines the low General Educational Development attainment rate among Latino/Hispanic high school dropouts by nativity and compared with other racial/ethnic groups; contributing factors; and the effects of GED credentials on upward mobility.

Women, Men and the New Economics of Marriage

January 19, 2010

Examines changes between 1970 and 2007 in the percentage of adults who are married, the incomes and education levels of husbands and wives, and household incomes of the married and unmarried. Analyzes trends by gender, education, and race.

College Enrollment Hits All-Time High, Fueled by Community College Surge

October 29, 2009

Analyzes the rise in college enrollment in 2008 by type of college, gender, and race/ethnicity, compared with data since 1973. Examines the economic and educational factors behind the trend in both four-year and two-year colleges.

The Changing Pathways of Hispanic Youths Into Adulthood

October 7, 2009

Analyzes 1970-2007 census data for trends in skills acquisition, school enrollment, labor force participation, military enlistment, marriage and parenting, and incarceration among Latino youths. Compares data by race/ethnicity, gender, and nativity.

Latino Children: A Majority Are U.S.-Born Offspring of Immigrants

May 28, 2009

Presents a profile of and trends among Hispanic/Latino children who are foreign-born, U.S.-born of at least one foreign-born parent, and U.S.-born of U.S.-born parents and how social, economic, and demographic characteristics vary by generational status.

The Rapid Growth and Changing Complexion of Suburban Public Schools

March 31, 2009

Analyzes the rising shares of Hispanic/Latino, African-American, and Asian students in suburban public schools between 1993-94 and 2006-07. Examines to what extent minorities are isolated or exposed to other groups and how evenly they are distributed.